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        • » The DRUID Follow Up Survey: Diabetes and Related Disorders in Urban Indigenous People in the Darwin Region

The DRUID Follow Up Survey: Diabetes and Related Disorders in Urban Indigenous People in the Darwin Region



This study was a follow up to the DRUID study completed in 2009. The initial study investigated diabetes, kidney disease, heart disease and other health conditions to gain an understanding of the health and wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in an urban setting of Darwin, Northern Territory.

In this study researchers aimed to look at how the health of the original participants has changed over time. Another aim of the study was also to identify the factors that may predict who gets the diseases and who stays healthy. It is hoped that the results of this study will help health professionals to diagnose and treat the risk factors earlier.

Abstract adapted from Menzies School of Health Research


Dr Elizabeth Barr
Chief Investigator
Menzies School of Health Research
PO Box 41096
Casuarina NT 0811
Mobile: 043 784 3101 or 04DRUID101
Toll Free: 1800 761 882
Fax: (08) 8927 5197

Related publications

Barr EL, Cunningham J, Tatipata S, Dunbar T, Kangaharan N, Guthridge S, Li SQ, Condon JR, Shaw JE, O'Dea K, Maple-Brown LJ (2017)

Associations of mortality and cardiovascular disease risks with diabetes and albuminuria in urban Indigenous Australians: the DRUID follow-up study.

Diabetic Medicine; Accepted Articles( 1-31

Paradies YC, Cunningham J (2012)

The DRUID study: racism and self-assessed health status in an Indigenous population.

BMC Public Health; 12: 131

Retrieved 14 February 2012 from

Cunningham J, Maple-Brown L, Barr E, Tatipata S (2012)

Darwin Region Urban Indigenous Diabetes (DRUID): follow-up study.

The Chronicle; 24(3): 8-9

Paradies YC, Cunninham J (2012)

The DRUID study: exploring mediating pathways between racism and depressive symptoms among Indigenous Australians.

Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology; 47(2): 165-173

Barr E (2012)

Impaired glucose metabolism and other metabolic risk factors in the development of cardiovascular disease -findings from AusDiab and plans to follow-up DRUID.

: Menzies School of Health Research

Maple-Brown LJ, Cunningham J, Hodge AM, Weeramanthri T, Dunbar T, Lawton PD, Zimmet PZ, Chadban SJ, Polkinghorne KR, Shaw JE, O'Dea K (2011)

High rates of albuminuria but not of low eGFR in urban Indigenous Australians: the DRUID Study.

BMC Public Health; 11: 346

Retrieved from

Maple-Brown LJ, Cunningham J, Nandi N, Hodge A, O'Dea K (2010)

Fibrinogen and associated risk factors in a high-risk population: urban Indigenous Australians, the DRUID Study.

Cardiovascular Diabetology; 9(69): 1-26

Maple-Brown LJ, Cunningham J, Barry RE, Leylsey L, O'Rourke MF, Celermajer DS, O'Dea K (2009)

Impact of dyslipidaemia on arterial structure and function in urban Indigenous Australians.

Atherosclerosis; 202(1): 248-254

Paradies Y, Cunningham J (2009)

Experiences of racism among urban Indigenous Australians: findings from the DRUID study.

Ethnic and Racial Studies; 32(3): 548-573

Maple-Brown L, Cunningham J, Dunne K, Whitbread C, Howard D, Weeramanthri T, Tatipata S, Dunbar T, Harper CA, Taylor HR, Zimmet P, O'Dea K, Shaw JE (2008)

Complications of diabetes in urban Indigenous Australians: the DRUID study.

Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice; 80(3): 455-462

Cunningham J, O'Dea K, Dubar T, Weeramanthri T, Shaw J, Zimmet P (2008)

Socioeconomic status and diabetes among urban Indigenous Australians aged 15-64 years in the DRUID study.

Ethnicity & Health; 13(1): 23-37

Burgess CP, Berry HL, Gunthorpe W, Bailie RS (2008)

Development and preliminary validation of the 'Caring for Country' questionnaire: measurement of an Indigenous Australian health determinant.

International Journal for Equity in Health; 7: 26

Retrieved 18 December 2008 from

Cunningham J, O'Dea K, Dunbar T, Maple-Brown L (2008)

Perceived weight versus body mass index among urban Aboriginal Australians: do perceptions and measurements match?.

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health; 32(2): 135-138

Dea K, Cunningham J, Maple-Brown L, Weeramanthri T, Shaw J, Dunbar T, Zimmet P (2008)

Diabetes and cardiovascular risk factors in urban Indigenous adults: results from the DRUID study.

Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice; 80(3): 483-489

Maple-Brown L, Cunningham J, Celermajer DS, O'Dea K (2007)

Increased carotid intima-media thickness in remote and urban Indigenous Australians: impact of diabetes and components of the metabolic syndrome.

Clinical Endocrinology; 66(3): 419-425

Cunningham J, Dunbar T (2007)

Consent for long-term storage of blood samples by Indigenous Australian research participants: the DRUID study experience.

Epidemiologic Perspectives and Innovations; 4(7):

Cunningham J (2007)

Update on the DRUID study.

The Chronicle; 10(2): 3-4

Cunningham J, O'Dea K, Dunbar T, Weeramanthri T, Zimmet P, Shaw J (2006)

Study protocol: diabetes and related conditions in urban Indigenous people in the Darwin, Australia region: aims, methods and participation in the DRUID study.

BMC Public Health; 6

Retrieved from

Cunningham J (2006)

Diversity of primary health care providers for urban Indigenous Australians [letter].

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health; 30(6): 580-581


Last updated: 26 April 2017
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