Australian Government Department of Health (2016)
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Curriculum Framework.
Canberra: Australian Government Department of Health
The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health curriculum framework (the Framework) has been developed to address the variability among all health professions and higher education providers in terms of the nature and extent to which Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander curriculum is being implemented.
The aim of the Framework, which is divided into four sections is to provide a model for higher education providers to successfully implement Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander curricula, with clear learning outcomes and associated capabilities that could be applied widely across tertiary learning contexts.
The Framework contains four sections:
- background providing context and history for the development of the Framework
- the elements
- implementation guidelines
- accreditation guidelines.
The Department of Health abstract
Colles SL, Belton S, Brimblecombe J (2016)
Insights into nutritionists' practices and experiences in remote Australian Aboriginal communities.
Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health; 40(S1): S7–S13
Aboriginal Health and Medical Research Council (2015)
NSW Aboriginal community controlled health services Aboriginal recruitment & retention strategy.
Sydney: Brewarrina Aboriginal Health Service
Aboriginal Health and Medical Research Council of NSW (2015)
Super Vision: a practical guide to clinical supervision.
: Aboriginal Health and Medical Research Council of NSW
Aboriginal Resource and Management Support Unit (2015)
Linking together for Aboriginal children.
Adelaide: Aboriginal Resource and Management Support Unit
This resource aims to give non-Indigenous people insight and confidence to work better with Aboriginal families and to form stronger links with the Aboriginal community in their area.
A range of topics are presented under the two main focus areas of Partnerships with families and Partnerships with communities, these include:
- building relationships with families
- child rearing and family life
- cultural identity of families
- learning about local Aboriginal groups
- including Aboriginal culture in your service
- respecting cultural protocols.
A directory of Aboriginal community services and resources in South Australia is also included.
Aboriginal Resource and Management Support Unit abstract
Bainbridge R, McCalman J, Clifford A, Tsey K (2015)
Cultural competency in the delivery of health services for Indigenous people.
Canberra: Closing the Gap Clearinghouse
This systematic review examined 28 publications related to cultural competency in health care for Indigenous populations between 2002 and 2013. Most studies were from Australia and the United States of America.
The review stems from concerns about inequalities in health care access, service provision and health outcomes for global Indigenous populations which have prompted regulatory bodies, health services and professionals to examine how they can better meet the needs of Indigenous groups.
The review found there is a lack of Australian specific evidence about what strategies are most effective for improving culturally competent healthcare delivery to Indigenous Australians; there is also a lack of validated indicators that have been applied to these settings to measure what works.
Only 11 of the 28 evaluations of culturally competent interventions were in Indigenous Australian settings.
The review also found there is a need to improve the quality of evaluations of cultural competence interventions targeting health care delivery to Indigenous Australians.
Abstract adapted from Closing the Gap Clearinghouse
Janca A, Lyons Z, Balaratnasingam S, Parfitt D, Davison S, Laugharne J (2015)
Here and Now Aboriginal Assessment: background, development and preliminary evaluation of a culturally appropriate screening tool.
Australasian Psychiatry; 23(3): 287-292
Kendall E, Barnett L (2015)
Principles for the development of Aboriginal health interventions: culturally appropriate methods through systemic empathy.
Ethnicity & Health; 20(5): 437-452
McCalman J, Searles A, Bainbridge R, Ham R, Mein J, Neville J, Campbell S, Tsey K (2015)
Empowering families by engaging and relating Murri way: a grounded theory study of the implementation of the Cape York Baby Basket program.
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth; 15: 119
Retrieved 21 May 2015 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-015-0543-y
Morley S (2015)
What works in effective Indigenous community-managed programs and organisations.
Melbourne: Australian Institute of Family Studies
This paper reviews the available literature about Indigenous community-managed programs and Indigenous community-managed organisations. It summarises what is working and also considers literature about the use of community development approaches and how they support successful Indigenous community-managed programs.
Across the variety of programs reviewed in this report, the successful programs were the programs where the community were involved and controlled all stages.
This paper does not analyse factors underpinning programs where there is shared governance between government and an Indigenous community or organisation.
Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract
Northern Territory General Practice Education (2015)
Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services.
: Northern Territory General Practice Education
These Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services (ACCHSs) videos provide an overview on the establishment of ACCHSs and how the services operate in the community.
The video's also aim to provide health professionals working in Aboriginal communities with information on:
- Indigenous culture
- appropriate clothing to wear in Aboriginal communities
- kinship systems.
They were developed by the Northern Territory General Practice Network.
Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract
Northern Territory General Practice Education (2015)
Retrieved 2015 from http://www.ntgpe.org/commdoc/
CommDoc is an easy to navigate language tool developed for health professionals working in Aboriginal communities in the Northern Territory. The aim of the tool is to culturally enhance interactions with Aboriginal patients.
CommDoc provides audio translations of common terms used during medical consultations in different Aboriginal languages. The terms and phrases are in four major sections:
- common terms
- body parts.
CommDoc was developed by the Northern Territory General Practice Education in consultation with Aboriginal people. clinic staff, doctors and cultural educators and interpretive services.
Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract
Northern Territory Medicare Local (2015)
Expand your horizons: practice in the Northern Territory.
: Northern Territory Medicare Local
These videos were produced to provide insight into working in the Northern Territory (NT) as a general practitioner (GP), discussing the challenges, lifestyles and rewards of practising in remote communities.
The videos focus on three general practitioners based in the NT communities of:
Themes discussed include:
- the rewarding experience of working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
- proximity to local environment and the Australian outback
- the professional support networks available
- variety of the work.
The videos were produced by the NT Medicare Local to encourage GPs to take up positions in the NT.
Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract
Power T, Virdun C, Sherwood J, Parker N, Van Balen J, Gray J, Jackson D (2015)
REM: a collaborative framework for building Indigenous cultural competence.
Journal of Transcultural Nursing; Online before print(http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1043659615587589):
Reeve C, Humphreys J, Wakerman J, Carter M, Carroll V, Reeve D (2015)
Strengthening primary health care: achieving health gains in a remote region of Australia.
Medical Journal of Australia; 202(9): 483-487
Watt K, Abbott P, Reath J (2015)
Cultural competency training of GP registrars - exploring the views of GP supervisors.
International Journal for Equity in Health; 14(1): 89
Retrieved 6 October 2015 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12939-015-0226-3
Adams Y, Drew N, Walker R (2014)
Principles of practice in mental health assessment with Aboriginal Australians.
In: Dudgeon P, Milroy H, Walker R, eds. Working together: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mental health and wellbeing principles and practice. 2nd edition ed. Canberra: Department of The Prime Minister and Cabinet: 271-288 (chapter 16)
This book chapter provides information on concepts and history of assessment and testing in the context of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander social and emotional wellbeing and mental health.
Various assessment tools and measures that have been validated and proved appropriate for particular Aboriginal populations including youth, women and older people, are described.
This chapter is a part of the Working together: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mental health and wellbeing principles and practice book.
Abstract adapted from the Telethon Kids Institute
Atkinson J, Nelson J, Brooks R, Atkinson C, Ryan K (2014)
Addressing individual and community transgenerational trauma.
In: Dudgeon P, Milroy H, Walker R, eds. Working together: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mental health and wellbeing principles and practice. 2nd edition ed. Canberra: Department of The Prime Minister and Cabinet: 289-306 (chapter 17)
Chalmers KJ, Bond KS, Jorm AF, Kelly CM, Kitchener BA, Williams-Tchen A (2014)
Providing culturally appropriate mental health first aid to an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander adolescent: development of expert consensus guidelines.
International Journal of Mental Health Systems; 8(http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1752-4458-8-6): 6
Retrieved 28 January 2014 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1752-4458-8-6
Colles S, Maypilama EL (2014)
Food and health communication across cultures: considerations for health professionals working with remote Aboriginal communities.
Darwin: Menzies School of Health Research
This resource was developed during a two-year project, Food and health communication across cultures, and aims to provide non-Indigenous health staff with practical guidance and insights to support critical reflective practice, and assist with the participatory process of health and nutrition communication, education and promotion activities that integrate both Indigenous and western belief and knowledge systems.
The resource additionally aims to:
- empower Indigenous people to more effectively communicate healthy eating and shopping messages
- improve the health and wellbeing of people living in remote Indigenous communities
- assist health professionals to work within a strength-based approach, while providing insights into how best to address and manage challenges and perceived barriers that can be present in remote community health.
Considerations shared within this resource have the potential to hold relevance for a range of health professionals and workers who spend time in remote Indigenous settings, including:
- health promotion officers
- health project officers
- health workers
- community workers
- community development officers
- nursing staff
- other allied health staff.
The resource is split into seven sections:
- Consider yourself
- Consider the environment
- Consider communication
- Consider relationships
- Consider your approach
- Consider food
- Consider demonstrating your effectiveness.
The resource was developed by Menzies School of Health Research with funding from the Fred Hollows Foundation.
Abstract adapted from Menzies School of Health Research
Encompass Family and Community (2014)
Learning from each other: working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Young People: youth alcohol and drug practice guide.
This guide aims to support workers and agencies in Queensland working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people who use alcohol and other drugs. It covers essential information for culturally secure practice with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people, their families and their communities, including:
- understanding history and context
- working and engaging with young people
- assessing young peoples needs
- worker development of cultural understanding
- organisational cultural security.
The guide encourages reflection and learning, and highlights the need to use opportunities for a positive impact on the lives of young people and their families and to maintain a sense of hope.
Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract
Healing Foundation (2014)
Cultural solutions: understanding suicide.
: Healing Foundation
Cultural solutions: understanding suicide was a public forum held in Canberra in 2014. The forum discussed the effects of trauma and how Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people apply cultural solutions to promote healing in communities.
The forum was hosted by the Healing Foundation and featured keynote speaker Professor Michael Chandler and panel members including, Pat Anderson AO, Professor Ngiare Brown, Jeremy Donovan and MC Greg Turnbull.
Abstract adapted from Healing Foundaiton
Heffernan E, Andersen K, McEntyre E, Kinner S (2014)
Mental disorder and cognitive disability in the criminal justice system.
In: Dudgeon P, Milroy H, Walker R, eds. Working together: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mental health and wellbeing principles and practice. 2nd edition ed. Canberra: Department of The Prime Minister and Cabinet: 165-178 (chapter 10)
Marriott R, Ferguson-Hill S (2014)
Perinatal and infant mental health and wellbeing.
In: Dudgeon P, Milroy H, Walker R, eds. Working together: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mental health and wellbeing principles and practice. 2nd edition ed. Canberra: Department of The Prime Minister and Cabinet: 337-353 (chapter 19)
Moss J, Parker R, Pinkstone K, Torrens S, Kirby C, Gartrell T, Peppercorn D, Preston E, Besa L (2014)
Everybody's business: a handbook for Indigenous employment.
Perth: Western Australian Aboriginal Workforce Development Centre
This step-by-step handbook has practical advice for managers and supervisors who are responsible for hiring and retaining staff.
This guide will help employers establish the practical tools they need to establish and maintain successful Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander employment programs. These include recruitment, application processes, hiring and supporting people through their career progression.
It was created in close consultation with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander individuals and organisations and aims to boost the sustainable employment for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.
The guide was developed in collaboration with GenerationOne, the Australia Employment Covenant, Reconciliation Australia and Social Ventures Australia.
Abstract adapted from GenerationOne
Insight into Aboriginal culture (2014)
Northern Territory Medicare Local
This information sheet aims to help General Practitioners working in remote Aboriginal communities in the Northern Territory (NT), gain a better understanding of the Aboriginal people and their culture.
It provides a brief summary on:
- communication and language
- kinship systems
- cultural practices and ceremonies
- Aboriginal workforce.
It was developed by NT Medicare Local.
Abstract adapted from Northern Territory Medicare Local
Parker R, Balaratnasingam S, Roy M, Huntley J, Mageean A (2014)
Intellectual disability in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.
In: Dudgeon P, Milroy H, Walker R, eds. Working together: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mental health and wellbeing principles and practice. 2nd edition ed. Canberra: Department of The Prime Minister and Cabinet: 307-334 (chapter 18)
Silburn S, Robinson G, Leckning B, Henry D, Cox A, Kickett D (2014)
Preventing suicide among Aboriginal Australians.
In: Dudgeon P, Milroy H, Walker R, eds. Working together: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mental health and wellbeing principles and practice. 2nd edition ed. Canberra: Department of The Prime Minister and Cabinet: 147-164 (chapter 9)
Taylor K, Guerin P (2014)
Health care and Indigenous Australians : cultural safety in practice.
2nd ed. South Yarra, Vic: Palgrave Macmillan
Walker R, Schultz C, Sonn C (2014)
Cultural competence - transforming policy, services, programs and practice.
In: Dudgeon P, Milroy H, Walker R, eds. Working together: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mental health and wellbeing principles and practice. 2nd edition ed. Canberra: Department of The Prime Minister and Cabinet: 195-220 (chapter 12)
Aboriginal Workforce Development Centre factsheets (2014)
Western Australian Aboriginal Workforce Development Centre
This range of workforce factsheets were developed for both job seekers and employers. The topics for Aboriginal job seekers are:
- Do you need help to get a job or career?
- I'm an Aboriginal person, how do I find a mentor?
- Ready jobs and communities program.
The topics for employers are:
- Building an Aboriginal workforce
- Can we help you to promote your services?
- Developing an Aboriginal employment strategy
- How can I attract Aboriginal staff?
- How can I recruit Aboriginal staff?
- How can I retain Aboriginal staff?
- How do I find a mentor for my Aboriginal employee?
- Incentives for employers
- Indigenous employment program
- More on mentoring
- Ready, set, job
- Reconciliation action plan
- Remote jobs and communities program
- What is workplace mentoring
- What makes a good mentor.
The factsheets were developed by the Aboriginal Workforce Development Centre.
Abstract adapted from the Western Australian Aboriginal Workforce Development Centre
Wilkes E, Gray D, Casey W, Stearne A, Dadd L (2014)
Harmful substance use and mental health.
In: Dudgeon P, Milroy H, Walker R, eds. Working together: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mental health and wellbeing principles and practice. 2nd edition ed. Canberra: Department of The Prime Minister and Cabinet: 125-146 (chapter 8)
Wilson A (2014)
Addressing uncomfortable issues: reflexivity as a tool for culturally safe practice in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health.
The Australian Journal of Indigenous Education; 43(2): 218-230
Zubrick SR, Shepherd CCJ, Dudgeon P, Gee G, Paradies Y, Scrine C, Walker R (2014)
Social determinants of social and emotional wellbeing.
In: Dudgeon P, Milroy H, Walker R, eds. Working together: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mental health and wellbeing principles and practice. 2nd edition ed. Canberra: Department of The Prime Minister and Cabinet: 93-112 (chapter 6)
Aboriginal Workforce Development Centre (2013)
How well do you understand the Aboriginal people you employ? A guide to improving retention through supporting wellbeing and good workplace practices.
Perth, WA: Western Australian Department of Training and Workforce Development
This resource package was developed to give employers of Aboriginal people a better understanding of the issues these employees may be facing, not just in the workplace but also in their community.
The package contains a brochure and information sheets that will help employers to create a supportive and culturally secure workplace for Aboriginal employees.
To complement this package, the Aboriginal Workforce Development Centre provides training and information for Aboriginal people (employees, job seekers and those transitioning to employment) to empower them to minimise the impact of grief and loss on their wellbeing and workplace performance.
The Aboriginal Workforce Development Centre developed the package on the request and advice of the Aboriginal Workforce Development Centre Steering Group. Input was provided by key Aboriginal stakeholders, employees and employers.
Aboriginal Workforce Development Centre abstract
Agency for Clinical Innovation (2013)
A framework for working effectively with Aboriginal people.
Sydney: Agency for Clinical Innovation
Australian College for Emergency Medicine Media (2013)
Why learn about Indigenous health and cultural competency (IH&CC)?.
: Australian College for Emergency Medicine
These culturally relevant education e-learning modules, tools and resources are part of the Indigenous health & cultural competency project (IH&CC).
They were developed for doctors to enhance culturally competent communication and overall care of Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander and other culturally and linguistically diverse patients in the Emergency Department (ED).
- The education resources include:a comprehensive series of online learning modules, including ten new modules on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health and the principles of culturally competent care in the ED
- a series of tropical video podcasts
- a collation of relevant best practice IH&CC web -based references.
The resources were developed by The Australasian College for Emergency Medicine and funded by the Australian Department of Health.
Warning: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders viewers are warned that these podcasts may have images and voices of people who have died.
Abstract adapted from the Australasian College for Emergency Medicine
Dockery AM (2013)
Cultural dimensions of Indigenous participation in vocational education and training: new perspectives.
Adelaide: National Centre for Vocational Education Research
Mazumdar S, Konings P, Butler D, McRae IS (2013)
General practitioner (family physician) workforce in Australia: comparing geographic data from surveys, a mailing list and medicare.
BMC Health Services Research; 13: 343
Retrieved 3 September 2013 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6963-13-343
Western Sydney Aboriginal Women’s Leadership Program (2013)
Understanding the importance of cultural supervision and support for Aboriginal workers: a discussion paper brought to you by the Western Sydney Aboriginal Women’s Leadership Program.
Sydney: Family Worker Training and Development Programme
This paper was developed following group discussions in the Western Sydney Aboriginal women's leadership program about the social and professional issues and challenges faced by many Aboriginal workers in the community sector.
It aims to build a better understanding for managers and co-workers of the issues often faced by Aboriginal workers and how and why cultural support is important.
Abstract adapted from Western Sydney Aboriginal women’s leadership program
Hunter New England Health Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Strategic Leadership Committee (2012)
Closing the gap in a regional health service in NSW: a multistrategic approach to addressing individual and institutional racism.
New South Wales Public Health Bulletin; 23(4): 63-67
Indigenous Allied Health Australia (2012)
What does allied health mean within the context of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health? Discussion paper.
Canberra: Indigenous Allied Health Australia
McRae-Williams E (2012)
My success: an exploratory study of positive experiences in the working-lives of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people in Darwin.
Batchelor, NT: Batchelor Institute of Indigenous Territory Education
Royal Australian College of General Practitioners (2012)
An introduction to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health cultural protocols and perspectives.
Melbourne: Royal Australian College of General Practitioners
This document for general practitioners and other health professionals provides a guide to appropriate and respectful ways of interacting with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. It was written by the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners (RACGP) for College members and staff. It gives background information and guidance on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander perspectives, along with an understanding of important protocols and other relevant cultural issues. Topics covered by the guide include:
- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander history, and why it matters
- core principles for working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
- protocols for culturally respectful engagement with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
- culturally appropriate communication
- consulting with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities
- conducting meetings with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander organisations and groups
- use of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander intellectual and cultural property
- event planning: observation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultural protocol
- undertaking projects and research.
The guide emphasises that general practitioners should seek local cultural training to supplement their learning.
Abstract adapted from Royal Australian College of General Practitioners (RACGP)
Martin ME, Reath JS (2011)
General practice training in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health.
Medical Journal of Australia; 194(11): S67-S70
Winnunga Nimmityjah Aboriginal Health Service (2010)
The experience of one Aboriginal community controlled health service in achieving quality improvement through accreditation.
Canberra: Winnunga Nimmityjah Aboriginal Health Service