What are the targets?
The Council of Australian Governments (COAG) targets, developed by experts in the various areas covered by the Closing the gap strategy, in the National Indigenous reform agreement are to:
- close the life expectancy gap within a generation (by 2031)
- halve the gap in mortality rates for Indigenous children under five within a decade (by 2018)
- ensure access to early childhood education for all Indigenous four year olds in remote communities within five years (by 2013)
- halve the gap in reading, writing and numeracy achievements for children within a decade (by 2018)
- halve the gap for Indigenous students in year 12 attainment rates (by 2020)
- halve the gap in employment outcomes between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians within a decade (by 2018).
In addressing these targets, COAG has committed $4.6 billion over four years across early childhood development, health, housing, economic participation and remote service delivery, and has achieved a number of supportive commitments by the corporate and community sectors. There was also agreement on the establishment of a national Indigenous representative body, the National Congress of Australia's First Peoples (the first board of the National Congress of Australia's First Peoples was appointed in April 2010).