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Key references

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References for the key publications about road safety among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are listed here.


Henley G, Harrison JE (2013)

Injury of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people due to transport: 2005-06 to 2009-10.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This report provides a summary of fatal and serious injury of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia due to land transport accidents over the five-year period from 2005-06 to 2009-10. Due to data quality issues, Tasmania and the Australian Capital Territory were not included.

This is the fourth in a series of reports dealing with injury to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people due to transport. The main focus of the report is unintentional injury due to land transport. It includes information on:

  • age and sex distribution
  • mode of transport
  • remoteness areas
  • mechanism of injury
  • time trends.

The report also puts land transport injury into the context of all causes of injury and injury due to all types of transport. Detailed data are presented in the tables and charts.

Abstract adapted from Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2013


Australian Transport Council (2011)

National road safety strategy 2011 - 2020.

Canberra: Australian Transport Council


Elliott and Shannahan Research (2008)

An investigation of Aboriginal driver licensing issues - research report.

Sydney: Roads and Traffic Authority (NSW)

Harrison JE, Berry JG (2008)

Injury of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people due to transport, 2001-02 to 2005-06.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This publication provides a summary of injury, both fatal and non-fatal, of Indigenous people in the Northern Territory, Western Australia, South Australia and Queensland due to land transport accidents in the five-year-period 2001-02 to 2005-06. Transport injury comprises fatal and non-fatal injury due to road transport, railway, water and air transport. Road and rail transport includes traffic (occurring on a public road), non-traffic and unspecified transport. It does not include injury that has been recorded as due to intentional self harm assault or undetermined intent.

Results show that transport accidents accounted for over a quarter of Indigenous deaths with more than half of those being for car occupants. These results were very similar in the non-Indigenous population. Similarly, the majority of cases involving death and serious injury were male in both populations.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Helps YLM, Moller J, Kowanko I, Harrison JE, O’Donnell K, de Crespigny C (2008)

Aboriginal people travelling well: issues of safety, transport and health.

Canberra: Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Local Government

The aim of this research was to identify the transport needs of Aboriginal people in South Australia for the provision of a safe and sufficient transport supply. The study themes and approach were informed by a series of forums held during 2005 and 2006. A key result of the forums was the identification of twelve safety and sufficiency of transport issues.

The findings of this project are based on research in a small number of Aboriginal communities, supplemented by information from literature, consultations and forums. Several broad themes were identified which led to the development of 18 recommendations. The authors consider whether the findings of this study can be generalised more widely. They conclude that while a number of common themes that arose may be expected to occur in many, if not all communities, the travelling needs of each community should be considered carefully when planning services.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract


Berry JG, Nearmy DM, Harrison JE (2007)

Injury of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people due to transport, 1999-00 to 2003-04.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This report presents and evaluates data relating to deaths and serious injury of Indigenous people due to transport accidents in the four jurisdictions: Northern Territory; Western Australia; South Australia; and Queensland, for five years 1999-00 to 2003-04. Variables such as mode of transport, gender, age group and remoteness from an urban centre are examined.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract


Styles TO, Edmonston C (2006)

Australian Indigenous road safety: 2005 update.

Canberra: Australian Transport Safety Bureau

This report was produced in response to a recommendation made at the 2004 Indigenous Road Safety Forum to update the 2003 Indigenous road safety scoping study by the ARRB Group. It contains the results of a literature review and consultation process, and provides a comprehensive summary of initiatives addressing Indigenous road safety issues across Australia. It concludes with eleven recommendations for future research and identifies priority areas for Indigenous road safety.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract


Australian Transport Safety Bureau (2004)

Road safety in Australia: a publication commemorating World Health Day 2004: Indigenous people.

In: Road safety in Australia: a publication commemorating World Health Day 2004. Canberra: Australian Transport Safety Bureau: 228-233


Edmonston C, Rumble N, Powell J, Butler S, Nona H, Watson B, Schonfeld C (2003)

Working with Indigenous communities to improve driver licensing protocols and offender management.

Paper presented at the 2003 Road Safety Research, Policing and Education Conference. 24-26 September 2003, Sydney, NSW

Macaulay J, Thomas R, Mabbot N, Styles T, Edmonston C, Sheehan M, Schonfeld C (2003)

Australian Indigenous road safety: contract report.

Vermont South, Victoria: ARRB Transport Research


Brice GA (2000)

Australian Indigenous road safety: a critical review and research report, with special reference to South Australia, other Indigenous populations, and countermeasures to reduce road trauma [draft].

Adelaide: Transport SA

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