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Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2015)

Trends in methylamphetamine availability, use and treatment, 2003-04 to 2013-14.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Baker A (2015)

Physical and psychological effects of methamphetamine use.

Paper presented at the National methamphetamine symposium: making research work in practice. 12 May 2015, Melbourne, Victoria

Central Australian Aboriginal Alcohol Programmes Unit (2015)

A place of health, hope and healing: Submission to the Legislative Assembly of the Northern Territory ‘Ice’ Select Committee.

Darwin: Legislative Assembly of the Northern Territory

Clough A, Robertson J, Fitts M, Lawson K, Bird K, Hunter E, Gynther B, Obrecht K (2015)

Impacts of meth/amphetamine, other drugs and alcohol in rural and remote areas in northern and north-east Queensland: an environmental scan.

Cairns: James Cook University

This paper draws together current research relating to the impacts of meth/amphetamine, other drugs and alcohol use in rural and remote Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities in northern and northeast Queensland. It aims to address the following questions:

  • What evidence is there that meth/amphetamine, in particular crystal meth/amphetamine ('ice'), is being used in these communities?
  • What are the behaviours, symptoms and signs of meth/amphetamine use that service providers observe in these regions?
  • If 'ice' is being used, who is using it and what are the impacts?

The paper also provides recommendations to the Queensland Government aimed at preventing any future increase in 'ice' usage in this region.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Clough AR, Fitts M, Robertson J (2015)

Recent warnings of a rise in crystal methamphetamine (“ice”) use in rural and remote Indigenous Australian communities should be heeded [letter].

Medical Journal of Australia; 203(1): 19

Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet (2015)

Final report of the National Ice Taskforce.

Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia

This final report by the National Ice Taskforce was produced based on extensive community consultation and research in response to issues raised by the drug, crystal methamphetamine (ice).

The report found that ice use in Australia is a complex problem that requires a multi-faceted response. Proportionally, Australia uses more methamphetamine than almost any other country.

In its report, the Taskforce has made 38 recommendations across five areas of priority. The five priority areas are:

  • supporting families, workers and communities to better respond to people affected by ice
  • efforts to reduce demand for ice through prevention activities must be strengthened
  • ice users need treatment and support services that cater to their needs
  • efforts to disrupt supply must be more coordinated and targeted
  • better data, more research and regular reporting is needed to strengthen Australia's response and keep it on track.

Abstract adapted from Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet

Robertson J, Clough A (2015)

Meth/amphetamine use: north and north-east Queensland.

Cairns: James Cook University


Lee N, Jenner N, Nielsen S (2014)

Medication treatment options for amphetamine-type stimulant users.

Canberra: Australian National Council on Drugs

This publication reviews the evidence for pharmacotherapies in the treatment of people with a dependence on amphetamine type stimulants (ATS). It provides a systematic review of medicines which have the potential to be used as a part of a comprehensive treatment plan as well as medicines that are unsafe to use with people who are dependent on ATS.

The review is designed to help guide discussion related to development of clinical guidelines and identify future research efforts.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Parliament of Victoria Law Reform Drugs and Crime Prevention Committee (2014)

Inquiry into the supply and use of methamphetamines, particularly ice, in Victoria: final report: volume 2.

Melbourne: Parliament of Victoria

UnitingCare ReGen (2014)

Methamphetamine treatment: building on successful strategies to enhance outcomes.

Melbourne: UnitingCare ReGen

Warhaft G (2014)

Healing and hope in Indigenous communities.

Of Substance; 12(3): 26-27


Winstock A (2012)


In: Lee K, Freeburn B, Ella S, Miller W, Perry J, Conigrave K, eds. Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work. Sydney: University of Sydney: 159-172

This chapter is from the Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work and provides information for alcohol and other drug (AOD) workers on stimulants, including:

  • stimulant use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
  • commonly used stimulants
  • stimulants' effects on the body
  • how to recognise harms from stimulants
  • how to recognise stimulant dependence
  • how to recognise stimulant withdrawal
  • how to assess a client who uses stimulants
  • how to help a person who uses stimulants
  • stimulant overdose
  • reducing the harms related to stimulant use if a person cannot or will not quit
  • preventing stimulant use.

Abstract adapted from the University of Sydney

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