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Prevention and treatment

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2013

Alavi M, Grebely J, Micallef M, Dunlop AJ, Balcomb AC, Day CA, Treloar C, Bath N, Haber PS, Dore GJ, Enhancing Treatment for Hepatitis C in Opioid Substitution Settings (ETHOS) Study Group (2013)

Assessment and treatment of hepatitis c virus infection among people who inject drugs in the opioid substitution setting: ETHOS study.

Clinical Infectious Diseases; 57(Suppl 2): S62-S69

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2010-11: state and territory findings.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2011-12.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This report presents data on alcohol and other drug treatment agencies and the episodes of treatment provided in Australia for 2011-2012. Alcohol was the most common principal drug of concern, accounting for almost half of these closed episodes, and counselling was the most common type of treatment. The report shows that Indigenous Australians were more likely to use alcohol, cannabis and amphetamines than non-Indigenous Australians, although Indigenous Australians were more likely to abstain from alcohol than non-Indigenous Australians. Data for Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians is presented throughout the report.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

National opioid pharmacotherapy statistics annual data collection: 2012.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Islam MM, Topp L, Conigrave KM, Day CA (2013)

Opioid substitution therapy clients' preferences for targeted versus general primary health-care outlets.

Drug and Alcohol Review; 32(2): 211-214

National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Committee (2013)

An economic analysis for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander offenders: prison vs residential treatment.

Canberra: Australian National Council on Drugs

This report was commissioned by the National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Committee to:

  • identify the patterns and prevalence of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders in the prison system
  • outline the impacts and implications of incarceration for Indigenous Australians
  • analyse the costs and benefits of addressing Indigenous problematic substance use with treatment, particularly residential rehabilitation, as compared to prison.

A number of sources of information, including a scan of relevant literature and data repositories and consultations with key stakeholders, were used to inform the analysis.

The report highlights the cost and health benefits of diversionary programs and community residential rehabilitation for Indigenous people who have been convicted of non-violent, substance use related offences.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision (2013)

Report on government services 2013: Indigenous compendium.

Canberra: Productivity Commission

This publication draws on the Report on government services 2013 to present data specific to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population. It reports on the delivery of mainstream services to Indigenous people including services for:

  • childcare, education and training
  • justice
  • emergency management
  • health
  • community services
  • housing and homelessness.

Performance reporting focuses on the degree to which the objective for a service is met. The report details the objective (outcomes) for each service stated and the performance indicators measuring the achievement of each objective.

Improvements in reporting by Indigenous status has allowed for detailed reporting for Indigenous children enrolled and attending preschool and elapsed times for aged care services to Indigenous people.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Topp L, Day CA, Wand H, Deacon RM, van Beek I, Haber PS, Shanahan M, Rodgers C, Maher L (2013)

A randomised controlled trial of financial incentives to increase hepatitis B vaccination completion among people who inject drugs in Australia.

Preventive Medicine; 57(4): 297-303

2012

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2012)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health services report, 2010-11: OATSIH services reporting - key results.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This report presents the main findings from the Office for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health (OATSIH) Services Reporting data collection. Data were collected by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) from primary health-care services, substance use services and Bringing Them Home and Link Up counselling services that received funding through OATSIH in 2010-11. The health services included those provided through Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal community controlled health organisations.

The information covered the number of clients seen, episodes of care and client contacts. This information helps to inform Indigenous health policy, and program development and implementation. Primary health care services provided 2.5 million episodes of care to about 428,000 Indigenous clients; substance use services provided treatment and assistance to about 28,600 clients and Bringing Them Home and Link Up counselling services were accessed by about 11,800 clients.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2012)

Drug treatment for opioid dependence 2012.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2012)

National opioid pharmacotherapy statistics annual data collection: 2011 report.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This report provides information gathered from the National Opioid Pharmacotherapy Statistics Annual Data (NOPSAD) collection. Information in this report includes:

  • definition of opioids, and information on opioid dependence and treatment options
  • demographic information on clients
  • information about prescriber services and 'dosing points'
  • information about the opioid pharmacotherapy system in Australia.

This report includes information specific to Indigenous Australians.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Berry SL, Crowe TP, Deane FP, Billingham M, Bhagerutty Y (2012)

Growth and empowerment for Indigenous Australians in substance abuse treatment.

International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction; 10(6): 970-983

Department of Health and Human Services (2012)

Tasmanian opioid pharmacotherapy program: policy and clinical practice standards.

Hobart: Tasmanian Government

Gill A (2012)

Opioids.

In: Lee K, Freeburn B, Ella S, Miller W, Perry J, Conigrave K, eds. Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work. Sydney: University of Sydney: 139-158

This chapter is from the Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work and provides information for alcohol and other drug (AOD) workers on opioids, including:

  • opioid use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
  • commonly used opioids
  • opioids' effects on the body
  • how to recognise harms from opioid use
  • how to recognise opioid dependence
  • how to recognise opioid withdrawal
  • how to assess a client who uses opioids
  • how to help a person who uses opioids
  • opioid overdose
  • reducing opioid-related harms if a client cannot will not quit
  • preventing opioid use.

Abstract adapted from the University of Sydney

Larney S, Toson B, Burns L, Dolan K (2012)

Effect of prison-based opioid substitution treatment and post-release retention in treatment on risk of re-incarceration.

Addiction; 107(2): 372-380

2011

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2011)

National opioid pharmacotherapy statistics annual data collection: 2010 report.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Munro A, Allan J (2011)

Can family-focussed interventions improve problematic substance use in Aboriginal communities? A role for social work.

Australian Social Work; 64(2): 169-182

Taplin S, Mattick RP (2011)

Child protection and mothers in substance abuse treatment.

Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre

2010

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2010)

National opioid pharmacotherapy statistical annual data collection: 2009 report : [2010 data guide included].

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2010)

National opioid pharmacotherapy statistics annual data collection: 2009 report.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Gray D, Stearne A, Wilson M, Doyle M (2010)

Indigenous-specific alcohol and other drug interventions: continuities, changes and areas of greatest need.

Canberra: Australian National Council on Drugs

Iversen J, Topp L, Maher L (2010)

Drug injection trends among participants in the Australian Needle and Syringe Program Survey (ANSPS), 2005 - 2009.

Sydney: National Drug & Alcohol Research Centre

Larney S (2010)

Does opioid substitution treatment in prisons reduce injecting-related HIV risk behaviours? A systematic review.

Addiction; 105(2): 216 - 223

Mapfumo L, Waples-Crowe P, Ware J (2010)

Action research: addressing HIV risks related to injecting drug use in Victorian Aboriginal communities.

Melbourne: Anex

2009

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2009)

National opioid pharmacotherapy statistics annual data collection: 2008 report.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

2008

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2008)

National opioid pharmacotherapy statistics annual data collection: 2007 report.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Drug and Alcohol Office (WA) (2008)

Aboriginal blood-borne virus scoping project literature review.

Perth: Drug and Alcohol Office (WA)

The 'Aboriginal Blood-Borne Virus Scoping Project' was undertaken to investigate the enablers and barriers of accessing needle and syringe programs in Kalgoorlie and the south-west for Aboriginal people who inject drugs (APWIDs). The 'Sexual Health and Blood Borne Virus Program' from the Department of Health (WA) funded the Alcohol and Drug Office to conduct the scoping project.

The scoping project was undertaken in response to the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Sexual Health Strategy 2005-2008 (2005), identifying HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis B and C as significant health issues for Indigenous people who inject drugs, and the need to strengthen harm reduction programs in this area, as well as recent data identifying a higher number of HIV diagnoses as a result of injecting drug use among the Indigenous population compared to the non-Indigenous population, and greater rates of Hepatitis B and C diagnoses as a result of injecting drug use among the Indigenous population compared to the non-Indigenous population.

The 'Aboriginal Blood-Borne Virus Scoping Project Literature Review' was undertaken as a compendium to the project. The review examined recent national and local studies of Indigenous injecting drug use and associated harm reduction strategies, and related projects and initiatives.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Payne J (2008)

The Queensland Drug Court: a recidivism study of the first 100 graduates.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology

Teesson M, Mills K, Ross J, Darke S, Williamson A, Harvard A (2008)

The impact of treatment on 3 years' outcome for heroin dependence: findings from the Australian Treatment Outcome Study (ATOS).

Addiction; 103(1): 80-88

URBIS (2008)

A review of enablers and barriers of Indigenous drug users accessing needle and syringe programs - a report for the COAG Multilateral Group on needle and syringe programs.

Canberra: Department of Health and Ageing, Australia

 
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