Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet
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This section provides recent reference details and - where available - links and abstracts for general publications associated with illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. References include journal articles, reports, theses, and other literature. To access our complete database please use our bibliography. 

2014

Dudgeon P, Milroy H, Walker R, eds. (2014)

Working together: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mental health and wellbeing principles and practice.

Perth, WA: Department of The Prime Minister and Cabinet, Australia

This book was developed as an information source for health professionals working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people with social and emotional wellbeing issues. The book contains comprehensive and culturally appropriate information to educate and assist health professionals who work with Indigenous clients.

The book is divided into six parts:

  • history and contexts
  • issues and influences
  • standards, principles and practice
  • assessment and management
  • working with children, families and communities
  • healing models and programs.

Many of the book chapters were authored by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and Indigenous artwork features throughout the book.

Telethon Kids Institute abstract

Adams K, Halacas C, Cincotta M, Perish C (2014)

Mental health and Victorian Aboriginal people: what can data mining tell us?.

Australian Journal of Primary Health; online early(http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/PY14036):

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2014)

Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health survey: updated results, 2012–13.

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics

Australian Crime Commission (2014)

Illicit drug data report 2012-13.

Canberra: Australian Crime Commission

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet (2014)

Overview of Australian Indigenous health status, 2013.

Perth, WA: Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

This report provides recent information on:

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations
  • the context of Indigenous health
  • various measures of population health status
  • selected health conditions
  • health risk and protective factors.

This Overview draws on statistics and other published and unpublished materials to provide up-to-date, detailed information about the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in 2013. It highlights a number of improvements in certain aspects of Indigenous health, but underlines that ongoing work is needed to 'close the gap' in health status between Indigenous and other Australians.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2014)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health organisations: online services report - key results 2012 - 13.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2014)

Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2012 - 13.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This report presents data on alcohol and other drug treatment agencies and the episodes of treatment provided in Australia for 2012-2013. The most common principal drugs of concern were alcohol, cannabis, amphetamines and heroin, and counselling was the most common type of treatment.

The report shows that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were more likely to be provided with withdrawal management than other Australians, and were around three times as likely to have received pharmacotherapy treatment than the non-Indigenous population. Data for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and non-Indigenous Australians is presented throughout the report.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2014)

Australia’s health 2014: in brief.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2014)

Australia’s health 2014: the 14th biennial health report of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australia's health 2014 was released by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare as the fourtenth edition of its biennial national health report. The report shows that Australia is one of the healthiest nations in the world, with most Australians generally have good health and access to a range of good health care services, but Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples continue to have much poorer health than the general population.

Health information about Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples is included in various sections of the report but particularly in chapter 7 which compiles information about demographic profiles, health status, disability rates and service use. The section highlights that Indigenous Australians are continuing to die at much younger ages than non-Indigenous Australians. Indigenous Australians also continue to have a greater disease burden, higher rates of disability and a lower quality of life than other Australians. The section concludes with information on behaviours and health risk factors that shape the health status of Indigenous peoples such as tobacco use, alcohol misuse and illicit drug use.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2014)

Prisoner health services in Australia 2012.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian National Council on Drugs (2014)

Mandatory treatment: position paper.

Canberra: Australian National Council on Drugs

Commissioner for Children and Young People WA (2014)

The state of Western Australia's children and young people - edition two.

Perth: Commissioner for Children and Young People WA

Cutcher Z, Degenhardt L, Alati R, Kinner SA (2014)

Poor health and social outcomes for ex-prisoners with a history of mental disorder: a longitudinal study.

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health; 38(5): 424–429

De Bortoli L (2014)

Child removal in child protection practice: comparing structured professional judgement and actuarial risk assessment instruments.

Doctor of Philosophy thesis, Monash University: Melbourne

Forrest A (2014)

The Forrest review: creating parity.

Canberra: Indigenous Jobs and Training Review

Forsyth SJ, Alati R, Ober C, Williams GM, Kinner SA (2014)

Striking subgroup differences in substance-related mortality after release from prison.

Addiction; 109(10): 1676–1683

Haber PS, Day CA (2014)

Overview of substance use and treatment from Australia.

Substance Abuse; 35(3): 304-308

Iversen J, Chow S, Maher L (2014)

Australian NSP Survey National Data Report 2009-2013: prevalence of HIV, HCV and injecting and sexual behaviour among NSP attendees.

Sydney: Kirby Institute

Kinner SA, Degenhardt L, Coffey C, Hearps S, Spittal M, Sawyer SM, Patton GC (2014)

Substance use and risk of death in young offenders: a prospective data linkage study.

Drug and Alcohol Review; early view(http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dar.12179):

Lee KSK, Chikritzhs T, Wilson S, Wilkes E, Gray D, Room R, Conigrave KM (2014)

Better methods to collect self-reported alcohol and other drug use data from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians.

Drug and Alcohol Review; 33(5): 466–472

Lewis LN, Skinner SR (2014)

Adolescent pregnancy in Australia.

In: Cherry AL, Dillon ME, eds. International Handbook of Adolescent Pregnancy. : Springer US: 191-203

This chapter from the International handbook of adolescent pregnancy provides information on adolescent pregnancy specific to Australia, including data for Indigenous young women. It considers the health, social and economic impact of adolescent pregnancy. The topics covered in this chapter include:

  • characteristics of Australian adolescents who give birth
  • disadvantage as a result of low socioeconomic status
  • family characteristics
  • contraception
  • birth outcomes for adolescent women and their infants
  • recommendations for further research.

The authors acknowledge the importance of providing Indigenous young women with culturally appropriate and accessible contraceptive services to reduce the impact of the social inequities faced as a result of adolescent pregnancies.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Luciani F, Bretaña NA, Teusch S, Amin J, Topp L, Dore GJ, Maher L, Dolan K, Lloyd AR (2014)

A prospective study of hepatitis C incidence in Australian prisoners.

Addiction; 109(10): 1695–1706

Moore E, Indig D, Haysom L (2014)

Traumatic brain injury, mental health, substance use, and offending among incarcerated young people.

Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation; 29(3): 239-247

National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Committee (2014)

Alcohol and other drug treatment for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.

Canberra: National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Committee

This paper was developed by the National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Committee (NIDAC) in response to the misperception that effective alcohol and other drug (AOD) treatment is not available for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. The paper aims to reduce these misperceptions by outlining:
  • who can benefit from receiving treatment
  • what treatment is known to work
  • key principles that should guide the application of treatment
  • what constitutes effective treatment for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.
The paper focuses upon interventions that are evidence-based and directly related to addressing
AOD use. It does not cover interventions that have a prevention focus.

Abstract adapted from the National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Committee (NIDAC)

People Culture Environment (2014)

The Elders' report into preventing Indigenous self-harm and youth suicide.

Melbourne: People Culture Environment

This report considers suicide prevention among young Indigenous Australian populations from the perspective of Elders and community leaders in affected communities.

The report includes interviews with 31 Elders and community leaders living in 17 communities in northern Australia and addresses two primary questions:

  • why is self-harm and suicide happening?
  • what is the solution?

This report was produced as a part of the Culture is life campaign which is led by Indigenous Elders and promotes community driven solutions to end Indigenous self-harm and youth suicide.

Abstract adapted from Culture is life

Phillips NL, Milne B, Silsbury C, Zappia P, Zehetner A, Klineberg E, Towns S, Steinbeck K (2014)

Addressing adolescent substance use in a paediatric health-care setting.

Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health; 50(9): 726–731

Reekie JM, Levy MH, Richards AH, Wake CJ, Siddall DA, Beasley HM, Kumar S, Butler TG (2014)

Trends in HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C prevalence among Australian prisoners - 2004, 2007, 2010.

Medical Journal of Australia; 200(5): 277-280

Reeve R, Bradford W (2014)

Aboriginal disadvantage in major cities of New South Wales: evidence for holistic policy approaches.

Australian Economic Review; 47(2): 199-217

Roche A, Trifonoff A, White M, Evans K, Battams S, Adams V, Scarfe A (2014)

From policy to implementation: child and family sensitive practice in the alcohol and other drugs sector.

Canberra: Australian National Council on Drugs

Sugden PB, Cameron B, Luciani F, Lloyd R (2014)

Exploration of genetically determined resistance against hepatitis C infection in high-risk injecting drug users.

Journal of Viral Hepatitis; 21(8): e65–e73

The Kirby Institute (2014)

HIV, viral hepatitis and sexually transmissible infections in Australia annual surveillance report 2014.

Sydney: University of New South Wales

Van Dyken E, Thai P, Yin Lai F, Ort C, Prichard J, Bruno R, Hall W, Kirkbride P, Mueller J (2014)

Monitoring substance use in prisons: assessing the potential value of wastewater analysis.

Science & Justice; 54(5): 338–345

Wallace GP (2014)

What can circle sentencing courts tell us about drug and alcohol problems affecting Aboriginal communities?.

Medical Journal of Australia; 200(11): 675-677

Warhaft G (2014)

A travellin’ man.

Of Substance; 12(1): 22-23

This publication contains an article on the Makin' tracks outreach program which focuses on Aboriginal communities across South Australia as well as the Northern Territory, Queensland, New South Wales and Western Australia.

The article focuses on Jimmy Perry, one of two project officers, who has been with the program for over 11 years. He discloses the challenges as well as the positive results which have come out of the program's implementation across Australia.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Weatherburn D (2014)

Arresting incarceration : pathways out of Indigenous imprisonment.

Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press

Wheeler A, Crozier M, Robinson G, Pawlow N, Mihala G (2014)

Assessing and responding to hazardous and risky alcohol and other drug use: the practice, knowledge and attitudes of staff working in mental health services.

Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy; 21(3): 234-243

Yap L, Carruthers S, Thompson S, Cheng W, Jones J, Simpson P, Richards A, Thein HH, Haber P, Lloyd A, Butler T (2014)

A descriptive model of patient readiness, motivators, and hepatitis C treatment uptake among Australian prisoners.

PLOS One; 9(2): e87564

Retrieved 27 February 2014 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0087564

2013

Hampton R, Toombs M, eds. (2013)

Indigenous Australians and health: the wombat in the room.

Melbourne: Oxford University Press

Indigenous Australians and health: the wombat in the room seeks to raise awareness of the culturally appropriate way for working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians in urban and remote areas. The book outlines the central components that influence good health for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. It aims to provide an understanding of health from the Indigenous perspective while also examining the historical connections of health and the impact of colonisation; past and present.

The book features:

  • fact boxes that help to dismiss any predetermined notions
  • case examples, placement experiences, and personal stories that show actual experiences from the field
  • insights into how health practitioners can influence healthier outcomes
  • questions to encourage students to reflect on their learning.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Poeder F, ed. (2013)

Stories from the other side: an exploration of injecting drug use in NSW prisons.

Sydney: NSW Users and AIDS Association

Australian Crime Commission (2013)

Illicit drug data report 2011-12.

Canberra: Australian Crime Commission

Australian Department of Health and Ageing (2013)

National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Plan 2013-2023.

Canberra: Australian Department of Health and Ageing

This plan provides a long-term, evidence-based policy framework as part of the Council of Australian Governments' approach to Closing the gap in Indigenous disadvantage. The Australian Government worked in partnership with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community groups, and peak bodies to produce the plan.

The plan builds on the United nations declaration on the rights of Indigenous peoples, with a focus on:

  • policies and programs to improve Indigenous health
  • social and emotional wellbeing
  • resilience
  • promoting healthy behaviours
  • the centrality of culture for health and wellbeing
  • the right of people to be safe and empowered.

The plan at a glance includes:

  • the vision
  • principles
  • priorities
  • implementation.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet (2013)

Overview of the health of Indigenous people in Western Australia 2013.

Retrieved 2013 from http://www.healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au/uploads/docs/wa-overview-2013.pdf

This report provides comprehensive information specific to Western Australia (WA) on:

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations
  • the context of Indigenous health
  • various measures of population health status
  • selected health conditions
  • health risk and protective factors.

This WA Overview draws on statistics and other published and unpublished materials to provide up-to-date, detailed information about the health of Indigenous people in WA in 2013. It highlights a number of improvements in certain aspects of Indigenous health, but underlines that ongoing work is needed to 'close the gap' in health status between Indigenous and other Australians.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet (2013)

Summary of Australian Indigenous health, 2012.

Perth, WA: Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Australian Institute of Family Studies (2013)

The role of community patrols in improving safety in Indigenous communities.

Canberra: Closing the Gap Clearinghouse

Community patrols have the potential to increase Indigenous community safety, helping to reduce crime rates and alcohol-related harm and empower the local community. The most successful community patrols tend to enjoy community involvement and ownership and strong collaboration with police and a network of community services. This paper summarises the key evidence in support of community patrols. It includes detailed information on:

  • what is currently known about community patrols, including 'what works', and what is not known
  • safety and crime in Indigenous communities
  • the history of Indigenous community patrols in Australia, and the support they receive from levels of government
  • the evidence in support of community patrols
  • best practice for community patrols
  • the evidence gaps.

Abstract adapted from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare and the Australian Institute of Family Studies

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2012 report: Australian Capital Territory.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This publication reports on indicators relevant to health status and health outcomes, determinants of health, and health systems performance for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people living in the Australian Capital Territory. The report is based on the national Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2012: detailed analyses report. Jurisdiction-specific and national comparisons are presented.

Improvements have been seen in health assessments for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged 55 and over, allied health-care service claims, immunisation coverage for children, literacy levels (years three and five), and retention rates for high school students.

Areas of concern include pregnancy and smoking, alcohol consumption for ages 18 years and over, levels of disability, and breast cancer screening for women.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2012 report: New South Wales.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2012 report: Queensland.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2012 report: South Australia.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2012 report: Victoria.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2012 report: Western Australia.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2012: detailed analyses.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health services report 2011–12: online services report – key results.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This report presents the main findings from the 2011-12 online service report data collection which replaces the previous Office for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health services reporting data collection. In 2011-12, the Australian Government provided direct funding to approximately 300 organisations to deliver comprehensive primary health care and other health services, including substance use, social and emotional wellbeing and mental health services to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people (Bringing them home and Link up counselling programs) of which around 60% were Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community-controlled or managed.
The report provides information on the services and their operations including the number of clients seen, episodes of care and client contacts. Primary health care services provided 2.6 million episodes of care of which 350,000 were Indigenous; substance use services provided treatment and assistance to about 27,000 Indigenous clients and Bringing them home and Link up counselling services were accessed by about 9,400 Indigenous clients.

Abstract adapted from Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2011-12.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This report presents data on alcohol and other drug treatment agencies and the episodes of treatment provided in Australia for 2011-2012. Alcohol was the most common principal drug of concern, accounting for almost half of these closed episodes, and counselling was the most common type of treatment. The report shows that Indigenous Australians were more likely to use alcohol, cannabis and amphetamines than non-Indigenous Australians, although Indigenous Australians were more likely to abstain from alcohol than non-Indigenous Australians. Data for Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians is presented throughout the report.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Developing client-based analyses for reporting on the alcohol and other drug treatment services.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Medical Association (2013)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health report card 2012 - 2013: the healthy early years - getting the right start in life.

Canberra: Australian Medical Association

The Australian Medical Association's (AMA) Indigenous health report card for 2012-13 focuses on the health and wellbeing of Indigenous children. It outlines the current research and evidence on the factors in the early life of Indigenous children may determine health outcomes later in life. It also provides evidence for policies, programs and measures that work to protect them against adverse social and physical conditions in early life. On the basis of that evidence, the 2012-13 report card makes a range of recommendations to governments to improve health and wellbeing in the early years, in the following areas:

  • development of a comprehensive plan for maternal and child services
  • support for families at risk
  • measures to keep children at school
  • strengthening community capacity
  • improving the living environment
  • ensuring better data, research and evaluation.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian National Council on Drugs (2013)

ANCD position paper: needle and syringe programs.

Canberra: Australian National Council on Drugs

Australian National Preventive Health Agency (2013)

National preventive health research strategy: 2013-2018.

Canberra: Australian National Preventive Health Agency

Brennan T, Charles A, Butorac A, Cox A, Dudgeon P, Swift S (2013)

The National Empowerment Project Mildura.

Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia

Buykx P, Ward B, Chisholm M (2013)

Planning alcohol and other drug services in rural and remote areas: the role of spatial access.

Sydney: Drug Policy Modelling Program, University of New South Wales

Campbell D (2013)

Economic rationality in choosing between short-term bad-health choices and longer-term good-health choices.

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health; 10(11): 5971-5988

Clifford AC, Doran CM, Tsey K (2013)

A systematic review of suicide prevention interventions targeting Indigenous peoples in Australia, United States, Canada and New Zealand.

BMC Public Health; 13: 463

Retrieved 13 May 2013 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-463

Cussen T, Payne J, Marks D (2013)

Policing alcohol and illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in metropolitan environments.

Canberra: National Drug Law Enforcement Research Fund

Day A, Francisco A, Jones R (2013)

Programs to improve interpersonal safety in Indigenous communities: evidence and issues.

Canberra: Closing the Gap Clearinghouse

Doolan I (2013)

Causes and consequences of youth detention.

Master of Philosophy thesis, The University of Queensland: Brisbane

Duffin W, Riley B, Grogan G, Butorac A, Cox A, Dudgeon P, Swift S (2013)

The National Empowerment Project Kuranda.

Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia

Fetherston J, Carruthers S, Butler T, Wilson D, Sindicich N (2013)

Rates of injection in prison in a sample of Australian-injecting drug users.

Journal of Substance Use; 18(1): 65-73

Hams K, Murray B, Butorac A, Cox A, Dudgeon P, Swift S (2013)

The National Empowerment Project Cherbourg.

Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia

Haswell MR, Blignault I, Fitzpatrick S, Jackson Pulver L (2013)

The social and emotional wellbeing of Indigenous youth: reviewing and extending the evidence and examining its implications for policy and practice.

Sydney: Muru Marri, University of New South Wales

Ingram D, Taylor N, Butorac A, Cox A, Dudgeon P, Swift S (2013)

The National Empowerment Project Redfern, Sydney.

Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia

Iversen J, Grebely J, Topp L, Wand H, Dore G, Maher L (2013)

Uptake of hepatitis C treatment among people who inject drugs attending needle and syringe programs in Australia, 1999–2011.

Journal of Viral Hepatitis; 21(3): 198 - 207

Iversen J, Maher L (2013)

Australian NSP Survey National Data Report 2008-2012: prevalence of HIV, HCV and injecting and sexual behaviour among NSP attendees.

Sydney: The Kirby Institute

Jenner L, Lee N (2013)

Screening for substance use and related issues by specialist alcohol, tobacco and other drug treatment and support services in the ACT: discussion paper.

Canberra: Alcohol Tobacco and Other Drug Association ACT

A global systematic review of hepatitis C virus in prisons and other closed settings (2013)

Larney S, Kopinski H, Beckwith C, Zaller N, Jarlais DD, Hagan H, Rich J, van den Bergh B, Degenhardt L

Lindeman M, Flouris A, Lopes J (2013)

Youth programs in remote central Australian Aboriginal communities 2013.

Darwin: Centre for Remote Health

This report provides information on a study undertaken to explore the enablers and barriers of youth programs in remote Central Australian Indigenous communities.

The report includes the aims and methodology of the study, a literature review and recommendations, with the findings organised into these topics:

  • background of Central Australian young people development programs
  • important elements of youth development programs
  • defining features of youth programs
  • youth program workforce
  • youth program outcomes
  • collaboration and relationships
  • resources and infrastructure
  • the context of service delivery in remote communities
  • 'youth-centred, context-specific' services

The study was conducted in partnership between the Centre for Remote Health (CRH) and the Central Australian Youth Link-Up Service (CAYLUS).

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

MacLean S, Berends L, Mugavin J (2013)

Factors contributing to the sustainability of alcohol and other drug interventions in Australian community health settings.

Australian Journal of Primary Health; 19(1): 53-58

MacRae A, Thomson N, Anomie, Burns J, Catto M, Gray C, Levitan L, McLoughlin N, Potter C, Ride K, Stumpers S, Trzesinski A, Urquhart B (2013)

Overview of Australian Indigenous health status, 2012.

Perth, WA: Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

This report provides recent information on:

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations
  • the context of Indigenous health
  • various measures of population health status
  • selected health conditions
  • health risk and protective factors.

This Overview draws on statistics and other published and unpublished materials to provide up-to-date, detailed information about the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in 2012. It highlights a number of improvements in certain aspects of Indigenous health, but underlines that ongoing work is needed to 'close the gap' in health status between Indigenous and other Australians.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

McGrady G, Peckham M, Grogan G, Butorac A, Cox A, Dudgeon P, Swift S (2013)

The National Empowerment Project Toomelah.

Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia

McGuire V, Boladeras J, Collard L, Bracknell C, Butorac A, Cox A, Dudgeon P, Swift S (2013)

The National Empowerment Project Narrogin.

Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia

National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Committee (2013)

An economic analysis for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander offenders: prison vs residential treatment.

Canberra: Australian National Council on Drugs

This report was commissioned by the National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Committee to:

  • identify the patterns and prevalence of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders in the prison system
  • outline the impacts and implications of incarceration for Indigenous Australians
  • analyse the costs and benefits of addressing Indigenous problematic substance use with treatment, particularly residential rehabilitation, as compared to prison.

A number of sources of information, including a scan of relevant literature and data repositories and consultations with key stakeholders, were used to inform the analysis.

The report highlights the cost and health benefits of diversionary programs and community residential rehabilitation for Indigenous people who have been convicted of non-violent, substance use related offences.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Committee (2013)

Bridges and barriers: addressing Indigenous incarceration and health: revised edition.

Canberra: Australian National Council on Drugs

This report provides a comprehensive examination of Indigenous incarceration in Australia. The report provides details on:

  • prison-related health risks
  • characteristics of Indigenous prisoners and detainees and trend information about Indigenous incarceration
  • Indigenous substance use issues and how they interact with the justice system
  • reasons for over-representation of Indigenous Australians in the correctional system
  • intervention opportunities within the criminal justice system
  • issues for consideration, including Indigenous participation in diversion programs, access to health care while in the correctional system and after release, recidivism, cost of incarceration, and the suitability of programs
  • recommendations.

This report provides an update to the Bridges and barriers: addressing Indigenous incarceration and health report released in 2009.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Council (2013)

NIDAC online consultation: a professional body for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander alcohol and other drug workers.

Canberra: National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Council

Network of Alcohol and Drug Agencies (NADA) (2013)

Planning framework and user guidebook: outcome based planning and reporting framework user guidebook for Aboriginal drug and alcohol residential rehabilitation services.

Sydney: Network of Alcohol and Drug Agencies (NADA)

Ober C, Dingle K, Clavarino A, Najman JM, Alati R, Heffernan EB (2013)

Validating a screening tool for mental health and substance use risk in an Indigenous prison population.

Drug and Alcohol Review; 32(6): 611–617

Post JJ, Arain A, Lloyd AR (2013)

Enhancing assessment and treatment of hepatitis C in the custodial setting.

Clinical Infectious Diseases; 57(Suppl 2): S70-S74

Richmond RL, Indig D, Butler TG, Wilhelm KA, Archer VA, Wodak AD (2013)

Smoking and other drug characteristics of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal prisoners in Australia.

Journal of Addiction; 2013: 516342

Retrieved 10 March 2013 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/516342

Ryder A, Blurton D, Hansen C, Collard L, Bracknell C, Butorac A, Cox A, Dudgeon P, Swift S (2013)

The National Empowerment Project Perth.

Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia

Stephens A, Bohanna I, Graham D, Clough AR (2013)

Screening and assessment instruments for use in Indigenous-specific alcohol and drug treatment rehabilitation.

Journal of Tropical Psychology; 3: e2(11)

Retrieved 13 August 2013 from http://journals.cambridge.org/abstract_S1838990213000021

Taylor K, Dingwall K, Lindeman M, Lopes J, Grant L (2013)

Aboriginal youth suicide in Central Australia: developing a consistent data system and referral pathway.

Darwin: Centre for Remote Health

Taylor KP, Bessarab D, Hunter L, Thompson SC (2013)

Aboriginal-mainstream partnerships: exploring the challenges and enhancers of a collaborative service arrangement for Aboriginal clients with substance use issues.

BMC Health Services Research; 13: 12

Retrieved 10 January 2013 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6963-13-12

The Kirby Institute (2013)

Highlighting Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander research at The Kirby Institute.

Sydney: The Kirby Institute

Tjalaminu M, Miller D, Collard L, Bracknell C, Butorac A, Cox A, Dudgeon P, Swift S (2013)

The National Empowerment Project Northam/Toodyay.

Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia

Topp L, Day CA, Wand H, Deacon RM, van Beek I, Haber PS, Shanahan M, Rodgers C, Maher L (2013)

A randomised controlled trial of financial incentives to increase hepatitis B vaccination completion among people who inject drugs in Australia.

Preventive Medicine; 57(4): 297-303

van Dooren K, Kinner SA, Forsyth S (2013)

Risk of death for young ex-prisoners in the year following release from adult prison.

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health; 37(4): 377-382

Victorian Auditor-General (2013)

Prevention and management of drug use in prisons.

Melbourne: Victorian Auditor-General's Office

Ward J, Bryant J, Worth H, Hull P, Solar S, Bailey S (2013)

Use of health services for sexually transmitted and blood-borne viral infections by young Aboriginal people in New South Wales.

Australian Journal of Primary Health; 19(1): 81-86

Ware V-A (2013)

Mentoring programs for Indigenous youth at risk.

Canberra: Closing the Gap Clearinghouse

This report examines evidence and provides information on effective mentoring programs for Indigenous young people at risk of engaging in antisocial and risky behaviours. The report provides detailed information on:

  • risk and protective factors relating to antisocial and risky behaviours
  • mentoring programs and how they work
  • principles for effective mentoring of at-risk Indigenous youth
  • characteristics of effective mentoring relationships
  • ineffective mentoring practices
  • current gaps in research.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Warhaft G (2013)

Hepatitis C: part of the punishment?.

Of Substance; 11(3): 22-25

2012

Anex (2012)

Australian drug policy: harm reduction and ‘new recovery': discussion paper: draft for consultation.

Melbourne: Anex

Australian Crime Commission (2012)

Illicit drug data report 2010-11.

Canberra: Australian Crime Commission

Australian Health Ministers’ Advisory Council (2012)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework: 2012 report.

Canberra: Office for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health, Department of Health and Ageing

This is the fourth report under the auspice of the Australian Health Ministers' Advisory Council to measure progress against the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework (HPF). The framework has become one of the key means of monitoring progress in Closing the gap between Indigenous and other Australians. It was reviewed and revised in 2011 and now includes 68 key measures (previously 71 measures) under the following tiers:

  • Tier 1-Health status and outcomes: measures the prevalence of health conditions including disease or injury, human function, life expectancy, wellbeing and deaths.
  • Tier 2-Determinants of health: measures of the determinants of health, including socioeconomic status, environmental factors and health behaviours.
  • Tier 3-Health system performance: measures of the health system, including effectiveness, responsiveness, accessibility, continuity, capability and sustainability.

The aim of the report is to promote accountability, inform policy and research, and generate informed debate. The report includes an overview of current national policies and strategies, and data analysis for each of the three tiers.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2012)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health services report, 2010-11: OATSIH services reporting - key results.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This report presents the main findings from the Office for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health (OATSIH) Services Reporting data collection. Data were collected by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) from primary health-care services, substance use services and Bringing Them Home and Link Up counselling services that received funding through OATSIH in 2010-11. The health services included those provided through Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal community controlled health organisations.

The information covered the number of clients seen, episodes of care and client contacts. This information helps to inform Indigenous health policy, and program development and implementation. Primary health care services provided 2.5 million episodes of care to about 428,000 Indigenous clients; substance use services provided treatment and assistance to about 28,600 clients and Bringing Them Home and Link Up counselling services were accessed by about 11,800 clients.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2012)

Australia's health 2012.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Berry SL, Crowe TP, Deane FP, Billingham M, Bhagerutty Y (2012)

Growth and empowerment for Indigenous Australians in substance abuse treatment.

International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction; 10(6): 970-983

Brady M (2012)

The National Drug Strategy and Indigenous Australians: missed opportunities and future challenges [the James Rankin Oration 2011].

Drug and Alcohol Review; 31(6): 747–753

Bullen L, Casey W, Childs S, Ferguson J, Jack P, Keats J, Miller L, Simpson L, Walker E, Winstock A, Woods J, Strong Spirit Strong Mind team (2012)

General principles.

In: Lee K, Freeburn B, Ella S, Miller W, Perry J, Conigrave K, eds. Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work. Sydney: University of Sydney: 1-64

This chapter is from the Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work and provides information for alcohol and other drug (AOD) workers about the role of AOD workers and general AOD information, including:

  • what an Aboriginal Health Worker is
  • why people become dependant on alcohol or drugs
  • types of drugs
  • overview of ways to help people addicted to alcohol or drugs
  • getting a person to think about their substance use
  • counselling
  • case management
  • role of medicines
  • mutual support groups
  • residential rehabilitation
  • how families can help.

Abstract adapted from the University of Sydney

Degenhardt L, Hall W (2012)

Extent of illicit drug use and dependence, and their contribution to the global burden of disease.

The Lancet; 379(9810): 55-70

Department of Families Housing Community Services and Indigenous Affairs (2012)

Final evaluation of youth in communities for the department of families, housing, community services and Indigenous affairs: final report.

Canberra: Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs

Stronger Futures in the Northern Territory: a ten year commitment to Aboriginal people in the Northern Territory (2012)

Department of Families Housing Community Services and Indigenous Affairs

Doolan I, Najman JM, Cherney A (2012)

Health needs of Australian Indigenous young people entering detention.

Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health; 48(10): 896–901

Doyle B, Garsia R, Haber P, Lawler J, O'Connor C, van Beek I, White A (2012)

Reducing the harms from substance misuse.

In: Lee K, Freeburn B, Ella S, Miller W, Perry J, Conigrave K, eds. Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work. Sydney: University of Sydney: 283-316

This book chapter provides information on reducing the harms from alcohol and other drug use for people who work with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander clients in the alcohol and other drug field.

Of specific focus in this chapter is:

  • sexually transmissible infections in the alcohol and other drug use setting
  • harms from injecting drug use and safer injecting
  • needle and syringe programs
  • hepatitis C and B; and HIV/AIDS.

This chapter is part of a book titled Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work, which provides everyday practical information for working in the field of alcohol and other drugs with a focus on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander clients.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Dunlop A, Keats J (2012)

Polydrug use.

In: Lee K, Freeburn B, Ella S, Miller W, Perry J, Conigrave K, eds. Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work. Sydney: University of Sydney: 237-246

This chapter is from the Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work and provides information for alcohol and other drug (AOD) workers on polydrug use, including:

  • polydrug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
  • reasons for polydrug use
  • harms associated with polydrug use
  • how to assess a person who uses several drugs
  • how to help a person who uses several drugs
  • reducing the harms if a person cannot or will not quit
  • preventing polydrug use.

Abstract adapted from the University of Sydney

Entwhistle P, Entwhistle D (2012)

First review of alcohol and drugs (AOD) Indigenous communities project (2011-2014) May 2012.

Darwin: Amity Community Services

Gray D (2012)

Community-wide approaches to substance misuse.

In: Lee K, Freeburn B, Ella S, Miller W, Perry J, Conigrave K, eds. Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work. Sydney: University of Sydney: 331-342

This chapter is from the Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work and provides information for alcohol and other drug (AOD) workers on community-wide approaches to substance misuse, including:

  • engaging with communities to address drug and alcohol issues
  • what communities can do to prevent or limit drinking problems.

Abstract adapted from the University of Sydney

Heffernan E, Anderson K, Dev A (2012)

Inside Out: the mental health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in custody report.

Brisbane: Queensland Health

Hinton R, Nagel T (2012)

Evaluation of a culturally adapted training in Indigenous mental health and wellbeing for the alcohol and other drug workforce.

ISRN Public Health; 2012: 380581

Retrieved 3 January 2012 from http://downloads.isrn.com/journals/ph/2012/380581.pdf

Hunter E, Shields R, Wand A (2012)

Mental health and substance use.

In: Lee K, Freeburn B, Ella S, Miller W, Perry J, Conigrave K, eds. Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work. Sydney: University of Sydney: 247-282

This book chapter provides information for alcohol and other drug (AOD) workers on mental health and substance use. The contents of the chapter includes:

  • mental health and substance use
  • depression and suicide
  • anxiety and stress
  • psychosis.

This chapter is from the Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work.

Abstract adapted from the University of Sydney

Key J, Page J, Smyth D (2012)

Legal issues.

In: Lee K, Freeburn B, Ella S, Miller W, Perry J, Conigrave K, eds. Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work. Sydney: University of Sydney: 317-330

This chapter is from the Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work and provides information for alcohol and other drug (AOD) workers on legal issues associated with substance use, including:

  • guardianship
  • alcohol, drugs and driving
  • programs to reduce re-offending or avoid prison.

Abstract adapted from the University of Sydney

Lea T (2012)

Other drugs.

In: Lee K, Freeburn B, Ella S, Miller W, Perry J, Conigrave K, eds. Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work. Sydney: University of Sydney: 217-236

This chapter is from the Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work and provides information for alcohol and other drug (AOD) workers on other drugs, including:

  • kava
  • GHB
  • ketamine
  • hallucinogens (magic mushrooms and LSD)
  • other sedatives
  • betel nut (areca nut)
  • khat
  • steroids.

Abstract adapted from the University of Sydney

Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work (2012)

Lee K, Freeburn B, Ella S, Miller W, Perry J, Conigrave K

This handbook provides everyday practical information for working in the field of alcohol and other drugs (AOD) with a focus on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander clients. It is based on the clinical and cultural experiences of the authors who have worked in a range of settings from large urban environments through to small remote communities.

Contained in the handbook is information on AOD work, including:

  • clinical treatment
  • prevention
  • early intervention
  • harm reduction.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Lee L, Midford R, Malone S (2012)

The Dampier Peninsula Prevention Project: working with a group of remote Australian Aboriginal communities to address alcohol and drug use.

International Journal of Health Promotion and Education; 50(3): 111-124

Mental Health Drugs and Regions Division (2012)

The Victorian drug statistics handbook: patterns of drug use and related harm in Victoria for the period July 2009 to June 2010.

Melbourne: Department of Health, Victoria

Nyoongar Patrol System Inc (2012)

Nyoongar Patrol System Inc: annual report 2011/2012.

Perh: Nyoongar Patrol System Inc

Queensland Health (2012)

The health of Queenslanders 2012: advancing good health. Fourth report of the Chief Health Officer Queensland.

Brisbane: Queensland Health

Sweeney J, Payne J (2012)

Drug use monitoring in Australia: 2009–10 report on drug use among police detainees.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology

Taussig I, Jones C (2012)

Penalties and reconviction risk among offenders convicted of drug driving.

Sydney: NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research

Taylor AW, Marin T, Avery J, Grande D (2012)

South Australian Aboriginal health survey.

Adelaide: South Australian Population Research and Outcome Studies

This report provides information on chronic diseases among Indigenous people in South Australia, including the social determinants of health and some risk and protective factors. It includes information on:

  • kidney disease
  • hearing problems
  • mental health
  • asthma
  • high blood pressure.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Teesson M, Newton NC, Barrett EL (2012)

Australian school-based prevention programs for alcohol and other drugs: a systematic review.

Drug and Alcohol Review; 31(6): 731–736

Victorian Dual Diagnosis Education and Training Unit (2012)

Our Healing Ways: putting wisdom into practice: working with co-existing mental health and drug and alcohol issues: Aboriginal way.

Fitzroy, Vic: Victorian Dual Diagnosis Education and Training Unit

This manual is a guide to culturally appropriate practice for Aboriginal workers in Victoria who work with people with mental health and drug and alcohol issues (dual diagnosis). The information in the manual comes from skilled and experienced local Aboriginal workers who share how they have helped their clients heal from dual diagnosis.

It contains information about:

  • people experiencing dual diagnosis issues
  • making decisions about how we work
  • the approach
  • engaging, connecting and building the relationship
  • strategies for supporting healing
  • finishing up
  • effective worker qualities and skills
  • looking after ourselves.

This manual is one of three key resources produced as part of Our healing ways project. It was developed by the Victorian Dual Diagnosis Initiative (VDDI) Education and Training Unit and funded by the Mental Health, Drugs and Regions Division of the Department of Health Victoria.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Victorian Dual Diagnosis Education and Training Unit (2012)

Our Healing Ways: supervision: a culturally appropriate model for Aboriginal workers.

Fitzroy, Vic: Victorian Dual Diagnosis Education and Training Unit

This report explains a model for providing culturally appropriate supervision to the Aboriginal alcohol and other drug (AOD), and social and emotional wellbeing (SEWB) workforce. The model is based on the needs of these workers who often face difficult situations in the community, such as working with their own family and friends.

The report includes information on:

  • different types of supervision
  • results from consultations with workers
  • the supervision model
  • training options
  • resources and references.

This report is one of three key resources produced as part of Our healing ways project. It was developed by the Victorian Dual Diagnosis Initiative (VDDI) Education and Training Unit and funded by the Mental Health, Drugs and Regions Division of the Department of Health Victoria.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

White V, Bariola E (2012)

Australian secondary school students' use of tobacco, alcohol, and over-the-counter and illicit substances in 2011.

Canberra: Drug Strategy Branch, Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing

2011

Allan J, Campbell M (2011)

Improving access to hard-to-reach services: a soft entry approach to drug and alcohol services for rural Australian Aboriginal communities.

Social Work in Health Care; 50(6): 443-465

Attorney-General's Department (2011)

Government response to the House of Representatives Standing Committee on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Affairs report: Doing time – time for doing: Indigenous youth in the criminal justice system.

Barton, ACT: Attorney-General's Department

This report is the Australian Government's response to the findings and recommendations provided by the Standing Committee on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Affairs in the Doing time - time for doing: Indigenous youth in the criminal justice system report, released in June 2011. The report presents 40 specific recommendations on how the government aims to take action to reduce the over-representation of young Indigenous people in the criminal justice system.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Crime Commission (2011)

Illicit drug data report 2009-10.

Canberra: Australian Crime Commission

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2011)

2010 National Drug Strategy Household Survey report.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

The 2010 National Drug Strategy Household Survey was conducted between late-April and early-September 2010. This was the 10th survey in a series which began in 1985, and was the fifth to be managed by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW). More than 26,000 people aged 12 years or older participated in the survey, in which they were asked about their knowledge of and attitudes towards drugs, their drug consumption histories, and related behaviours. Most of the analysis presented is of people aged 14 years or older, so that results can be compared with previous reports.

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare abstract

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2011)

Drugs in Australia 2010: tobacco, alcohol and other drugs.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2011)

Review of the Alcohol and Other Drug Treatment Services National Minimum Data Set.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2011)

Young Australians: their health and wellbeing 2011.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This national statistical publication reports on the health and wellbeing of young Australians aged 12-24 years of age. This reporting is vital for the development of evidence-based youth policies. Part VII provides an overview of the health and wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people and looks at key issues including:

  • health status
  • determinants of health
  • families and communities
  • socioeconomic factors
  • housing
  • health system performance.

The report also highlights areas where work is still needed.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Child and Adolescent Community Health (2011)

Health and wellbeing profile of young Western Australians.

Perth: Department of Health, Western Australia

Cook M (2011)

Locked out: experiences of AOD consumers with a criminal record accessing employment and education.

Melbourne: Association of Participating Service Users

Harrod ME, Ward J, Graham S, Butler T (2011)

Australian prisons: the key to closing the gap and ensuring HIV remains low in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities.

HIV Australia; 9(1): 17-19

Kratzmann M, Mitchell E, Ware J, Banach L, Ward J, Ryan J, Sutton L, Griffiths P, Saunders M (2011)

Injecting drug use and associated harms among Aboriginal Australians.

Canberra: Australian National Council on Drugs

The project Injecting drug use and associated harms among Aboriginal Australians was undertaken by Anex and the National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation (NACCHO), and commissioned by Australian National Council on Drugs (ANCD). The findings from the project are summarised in this report. Copies can be obtained from the ANCD Secretariat or the ANCD website.

Abstract adapted from ANCD

Logan G, Bakos K (2011)

Our Healing Ways successful strategies for working with dual diagnosis issues, Aboriginal way.

Fitzroy, Vic: Victorian Dual Diagnosis Education and Training Unit

Mental Health Drugs and Regions Division (2011)

The Victorian drug statistics handbook: patterns of drug use and related harm in Victoria for the period July 2008 to June 2009.

Melbourne: Department of Health, Victoria

Mid North Health Advisory Council, Mid North Health Service, Country Health SA Local Health Network (2011)

Mid North 10 year local health service plan 2011-2020.

Adelaide: Country Health South Australia

Munro A, Allan J (2011)

Can family-focussed interventions improve problematic substance use in Aboriginal communities? A role for social work.

Australian Social Work; 64(2): 169-182

Nagel T, Kavanagh D, Barclay L, Trauer T, Chenhall R, Frendin J, Griffin C (2011)

Integrating treatment for mental and physical disorders and substance misuse in Indigenous primary care settings.

Australasian Psychiatry; 19(Supplement 1): S17-S19

Queensland Alcohol and Drug Research and Education Centre (2011)

The Queensland Alcohol and Drug Research and Education Centre: annual report 2011.

Brisbane: Queensland Alcohol and Drug Research and Education Centre

Queensland Health (2011)

2011–2012 Queensland drug action plan.

Brisbane: Queensland Health

The 2011-2012 Queensland drug action plan builds on the longstanding partnerships between health, law enforcement and education sectors, to engage government, non-government organisations and the community in reducing the supply, the demand and the harms associated with drug misuse throughout Queensland.

It focuses on five priority areas:

  • alcohol-related violence and injury
  • smoking and heavy drinking
  • reducing harms for families
  • tobacco, alcohol and cannabis use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
  • pharmaceutical and illicit drugs.

Queensland Health abstract

Rysavy P, Cunningham T, O'Reilly-Martinez R (2011)

Preliminary analysis of the Northern Territory's illicit drug court diversion program highlights the need to examine lower program completion rates for indigenous clients.

Drug and Alcohol Review; 30(6): 671–676

Stafford J, Burns L (2011)

Australian drug trends 2010: findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS).

: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales

Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision (2011)

Report on government services 2011: Indigenous compendium.

Canberra: Productivity Commission

Taplin S, Mattick RP (2011)

Child protection and mothers in substance abuse treatment.

Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre

Watkins RE, Mak DB, Connelly C (2011)

Identifying high risk groups for sexually transmitted infections and blood borne viruses upon admission to prison in Western Australia.

Rural and Remote Health; 11: 1621

Retrieved 16 March 2011 from http://www.rrh.org.au/publishedarticles/article_print_1621.pdf

Western Australian Education and Health Standing Committee (2011)

Changing patterns in illicit drug use in Western Australia.

Perth, WA: Parliament of Western Australia

Western Australian Network of Alcohol and Other Drug Agencies (2011)

Comorbidity capacity building toolkit.

Perth: Western Australian Network of Alcohol and Other Drug Agencies

This toolkit was produced by the Western Australian Network of Alcohol and other Drug Agencies. The purpose of the toolkit is to provide guidance for other Western Australian alcohol and other drug (AOD) services planning to undertake capacity building initiatives. The toolkit was developed in accordance with knowledge gained throughout the national Improved services initiative (ISI) project. This project aimed to build the capacity of non-government AOD organisations to effectively identify and treat comorbid substance use and mental illness.

Abstract adapted from Western Australian Network of Alcohol and other Drug Agencies

2010

Alcohol and Other Drugs Council of Australia (2010)

Pharmaceuticals policy paper.

Canberra: Alcohol and Other Drugs Council of Australia

Anex (2010)

With conviction: the case for controlled needle and syringe programs in Australian prisons.

Melbourne: Anex

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2010)

National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander social survey: users' guide, 2008.

Retrieved from http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/4720.0?OpenDocument

This user's guide provides updated information on the 2002 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey (NATSISS). Updates include information on: family and culture; health; risk factors; education; work; income; and housing.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2010)

The health and welfare of Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, 2010.

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2010)

The health and welfare of Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, Oct 2010.

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics

The information included in this report is taken from a variety of sources. This report highlights that Aboriginal and Torres Strait people make up 2.5% of the Australian population and is young compared to the rest of the population. The key findings include:

  • The estimated resident population in 2006 was 517,000 people.
  • The median age for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people was 21.0 years compared to 37.0 years for the non-Indigenous population.
  • 68% of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people reside in rural and remote locations and 32% reside in urban locations.
  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have a lower life expectancy than non-Indigenous Australians. From 2005-2007 the gap was 11.5 years for males and 9.7 years for females.
  • Life expectancy for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males at birth is estimated to be 67.2 years and for females is 72.9 years.
  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander language and culture is strong.
  • Socio-economic outcomes continute to improve; 22% completed year twelve in 2008.
  • More people completed non-school qualifications; 40% of people aged 25-64 years in 2008, compared to 32% in 2002.
  • The unemployment rate fell from 23% in 2002 to 17% in 2008, but remains five times higher than the rate for non-Indigenous unemployment which was 5% in 2008.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Crime Commission (2010)

Illicit drug data report 2008-09.

Canberra: Australian Crime Commission

Australian Department of Health and Ageing (2010)

Sixth national HIV strategy 2010-2013.

Canberra: Department of Health and Ageing, Australia

Australian Department of Health and Ageing (2010)

Third national Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander blood borne viruses and sexually transmissible infections strategy 2010 – 2013.

Canberra: Department of Health and Ageing, Australia

The Third National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Blood Borne Viruses and Sexually Transmissible Infections Strategy was released in March 2010. It is one of a set of five national strategies aimed at reducing the transmission of sexually transmissible infections (STIs) and blood borne viruses (BBVs) and their morbidity, mortality and personal and social impacts.

The strategy highlights ongoing challenges in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities relating to STIs and BBVs. These include:

  • sustained and unacceptably high rates of bacterial STIs in many remote communities
  • the rate of acquisition of HIV and viral hepatitis through injecting drug use
  • ongoing incidence of HIV infections among men who have sex with men
  • lack of access for many communities to culturally appropriate primary health care services.

The new priority action areas identified in the strategy are:

  • annual, routine and systematic testing, treatment and follow-up for bacterial STIs of sexually active Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people
  • increased access to treatment for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people who test positive to bacterial STIs;
  • increased primary prevention activities that seek to reduce the number of new cases of HIV and viral hepatitis among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people who inject drugs
  • competent and accredited workforces consistent across all jurisdictions to address the scope of work outlined in the strategy.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Department of Health and Ageing (2010)

Third national hepatitis C strategy 2010 - 2013.

Canberra: Department of Health and Ageing, Australia

Barnett L, Kendall E, McKay K, McIntyre M, Kolves K, De Leo D (2010)

Suicidal behaviours in Indigenous communities in Queensland: evaluation and development of baseline data [final report].

Mackay, Qld: Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention

Boonwaat L, Haber PS, Levy MH, Lloyd AR (2010)

Establishment of a successful assessment and treatment service for Australian prison inmates with chronic hepatitis C.

Medical Journal of Australia; 192(9): 496-500

Burns J, Maling CM, Thomson N (2010)

Summary of Indigenous women's health.

Perth, WA: Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

Connors P, Bush R (2010)

'Back on Track' : an evaluation.

Brisbane: University of Queensland

Crime and Misconduct Commission Queensland (2010)

Illicit drug markets in Queensland: a strategic assessment.

Brisbane: Crime and Misconduct Commission Queensland

Making sense and supporting change: a guide for our people (2010)

Drug and Alcohol Office (WA)

This booklet was produced to provide information on reducing harm from alcohol and other drugs for Aboriginal people in Western Australia.

It describes:

  • the impact of alcohol and other drugs
  • why people use drugs
  • how people learn to use drugs
  • types of drugs
  • mixing drugs
  • ways of reducing harm
  • areas of life that are affected by alcohol and other drugs
  • making changes action plan.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Flatau P, Conroy E, Clear A, Burns L (2010)

The integration of homelessness, mental health and drug and alcohol services in Australia.

Melbourne: Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute

Gaffney A, Jones W, Sweeney J, Payne J (2010)

Drug use monitoring in Australia: 2008 annual report on drug use among police detainees.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology

Hoad V, Somerford P, Katzenellenbogen J (2010)

The burden of disease and injury attributed to preventable risks to health in Western Australia, 2006.

Perth, WA: Western Australian Department of Health

Iversen J, Topp L, Shying K, Maher L (2010)

Australian NSP Survey National Data Report 2005-2009: prevalence of HIV, HCV and injecting and sexual behaviour among IDUs at Needle and Syringe Programs.

Sydney: National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research

Iversen J, Wand H, Gonnermann A, Maher L (2010)

Gender differences in hepatitis C antibody prevalence and risk behaviours amongst people who inject drugs in Australia 1998-2008.

International Journal of Drug Policy; 21(6): 471-476

Lockley D, Guerin B, Booth Y, Gursansky D, Kennedy R, Tedmanson D, Saveslberg H (2010)

Alcohol education and rehabilitation foundation policy partnership: evaluation of the Wiltanendi demonstration project.

Adelaide: Foundation for Alcohol Research and Education

Mapfumo L, Waples-Crowe P, Ware J (2010)

Action research: addressing HIV risks related to injecting drug use in Victorian Aboriginal communities.

Melbourne: Anex

McMahon T, Moreton RJ, Luisi BN (2010)

Guarding against an HIV epidemic within an Aboriginal community and cultural framework; lessons from NSW.

New South Wales Public Health Bulletin; 21(4): 83-85

National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Committee (2010)

Locally designed and operated Indigenous community models and practices that address Indigenous alcohol and other drugs misuse.

Canberra: National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Committee

Nichols F (2010)

Aboriginal recommendations for substance use intervention programs.

Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal; 34(3): 4-8

Purdie N, Dudgeon P, Walker R, eds. (2010)

Working together: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mental health and wellbeing principles and practice.

Canberra: Department of Health and Ageing

This book was developed as an information source for health professionals working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people with social and emotional wellbeing and substance use issues. The book contains comprehensive, culturally appropriate information to educate and assist health professionals who work with Indigenous clients.

The book is divided into four parts:

  • history and contexts
  • issues of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mental health and wellbeing
  • mental health practice
  • working with specific groups - models, programs, and services.

Many of the book chapters were authored by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and Indigenous artwork features in various parts of the book.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Ralph NL (2010)

Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder, suicide and aspects of well being among Aboriginal adolescents in the Kimberley.

Doctor of Philosophy thesis, University of Western Australia: Perth

Drug and alcohol use by Indigenous people (2010)

Reconciliation Australia

This factsheet provides questions and answers about alcohol and other drug use in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community.

It was produced by Reconciliation Australia to inform the wider community.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Roche AM, Duraisingam V, Trifonoff A, Nicholas R (2010)

Alcohol and drug-related workforce development issues for Australian police into the 21st century.

Adelaide: National Centre for Education and Training on Addiction

Skelton R (2010)

King brown country: the betrayal of Papunya.

Crows Nest, NSW: Allen & Unwin

Stafford J, Burns L (2010)

Australian drug trends 2009: findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS).

Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales

Wilkes E, Gray D, Saggers S, Casey W, Stearne A (2010)

Substance misuse and mental health among Aboriginal Australians.

In: Purdie N, Dudgeon P, Walker R, eds. Working together: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mental health and wellbeing principles and practice. Canberra: Department of Health and Ageing: 117-134

2009

COATS: Community Offender Advice & Treatment Service (2009)

Australian Community Support Organisation

This brochure provides details on the Community offender advice and treatment service (COATS) program in Victoria. The brochure provides information on:

  • the aim of the COATS program
  • benefit of the program for participants
  • the referral process for the program
  • the process of the program
  • services provided as part of the COATS program
  • the rights and responsibilities of the participants
  • contact details of relevant agencies.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Dingwall K, Cairney S (2009)

The importance and challenges of assessing cognition in Indigenous Australians.

Australasian Psychiatry; 17(S1): S47 - S50

Duncan B (2009)

Boom towns, drug towns? Mining, alcohol and other drugs.

Of Substance; 7(1): 24-26

Gazis N, Connor JP, Ho R (2009)

Cultural identity and peer influence as predictors of substance use among culturally diverse Australian adolescents.

Journal of Early Adolescence; 30(3): 345-368

Hepatitis Australia, National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation, Aldo Spina Consultancy Services (2009)

Mapping and scoping of hepatitis C education and prevention activities in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities: survey of Aboriginal community controlled health services.

Canberra: Hepatitis Australia

Loxley W, Adams K (2009)

Women, drug use and crime: findings from the Drug Use Monitoring in Australia program.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology

McNally S, Latham R (2009)

Recognising and responding to hepatitis C in Indigenous communities in Victoria: a research project exploring barriers to hepatitis C treatment.

Melbourne: Australian Research Centre in Sex Health and Society

This report presents the outcomes of a study conducted in Victoria that investigated access to hepatitis C treatment services among Indigenous people. The research study evolved out of concern for the high rate of hepatitis C in the Indigenous population and the low uptake of treatment and care. Through interviews with service providers and Indigenous people, a number of treatment barriers were revealed, namely the low priority afforded to hepatitis C due to competing co-morbidities. Shame and lack of knowledge about hepatitis C among Indigenous people and health care workers, were also identified as major barriers to treatment. Several suggestions and recommendations have been offered for addressing these treatment barriers, including placing greater emphasis on eating well and reducing alcohol intake.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Stafford J, Sindicich N, Burns L, Cassar J, Cogger S, de Graaff B, George J, Moon C, Phillips B, Quinn B, White N (2009)

Australian Drug Trends 2008: findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS).

Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales

Urbis (2009)

Evaluation of the National Drug Strategy Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples Complementary Action Plan 2003 - 2009: final report.

Canberra: National Drug Strategy

Velleman R (2009)

Alcohol, drugs and the family: results from a 35-year research programme within England, Mexico, Italy, and Northern Territory, Australia.

Paper presented at the National Drug Research Institute Seminar. 11 May 2009, Curtin University, Perth, WA

Wilson D, Kwon A, Anderson J, Thein R (2009)

Return on investment 2: evaluating the cost-effectiveness of needle and syringe programs in Australia.

Sydney: Department of Health and Ageing, Australia

2008

Adams K, Sandy L, Smith L, Triglone B (2008)

Drug use monitoring in Australia: 2007 annual report on drug use among police detainees.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology

Australian Bureau of Statistics, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2008)

Health risk factors.

In: Trewin D, Madden R, eds. The health and welfare of Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples 2008. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics and Australian Institute of Health and Welfare: 137-150

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet (2008)

Summary of hepatitis C among Indigenous Australians.

Retrieved from http://www.healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au/infectious-conditions/hepatitis/reviews/our-review-c

Australian Injecting and Illicit Drug Users League (2008)

Working with Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people who inject drugs.

Canberra: Australian Injecting and Illicit Drug Users League

Brewer R, Dalton D (2008)

Assessing the importance of culture in explaining drug use amongst Indigenous police detainees in Adelaide.

Current Issues in Criminal Justice; 20(2): 265-286

Catto M, Thomson N (2008)

Review of illicit drug use among Indigenous peoples.

Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin; 8(4): 1-32

Chenhall R (2008)

What's in a rehab? Ethnographic evaluation research in Indigenous Australian residential alcohol and drug rehabilitation centres.

Anthropology and Medicine; 15(2): 105-116

Clough A, Conigrave K (2008)

Managing confidentiality in illicit drugs research: ethical and legal lessons from studies in remote Aboriginal communities.

Internal Medicine Journal; 38(1): 60-63

Collins DJ, Lapsley HM (2008)

The costs of tobacco, alcohol and illicit drug abuse to Australian society in 2004/05.

Canberra: Department of Health and Ageing

Degenhardt L, Kinner SA, Roxburgh A, Black E, Bruno R, Fetherston J, Fry CL (2008)

Drug use and risk among regular injecting drug users in Australia: does age make a difference?.

Drug and Alcohol Review; 27(4): 357-360

Frye S, Dawe S, Harnett P, Kowalenko S, Harlen M (2008)

Supporting the families of young people with problematic drug use.

Canberra: Australian National Council on Drugs

Gray D, Saggers S, Atkinson D, Wilkes E (2008)

Substance misuse.

In: Couzos S, Murray R, eds. Aboriginal primary health care: an evidence-based approach. 3rd ed. South Melbourne: Oxford University Press: 755-787

Horey D (2008)

Indigenous drug prevention research stocktake and gap analysis.

Melbourne: Department of Human Services, Victoria

Mission Australia (2008)

National survey of young Australians 2008.

Sydney: Mission Australia

Population Health Division (NSW) (2008)

The health of the people of New South Wales – report of the Chief Health Officer, data book – Aboriginal peoples.

Sydney: NSW Department of Health

Queensland Government (2008)

Quarterly report on key indicators in Queensland's discrete Indigenous communities: April-June 2008.

Brisbane: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Partnerships

This report provides a summary of the progress being made in 'closing the gap' and improving the quality of life for Indigenous Queenslanders living in discrete communities. It outlines the key outcomes of the Queensland policy reform with the distinction between what has been already implemented and what is yet to be implemented. It includes an overview of the key indicators of community wellbeing, building on the previous report (January-March 2008) and including two indicators relating to child safety. An individual outcome report for all participating communities across Queensland for four key indicators is also provided. This report precedes the next Closing the gap, Indigenous annual report due in November 2008.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Queensland Government (2008)

Quarterly report on key indicators in Queensland's discrete Indigenous communities: January-March 2008.

Brisbane: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Partnerships

This report provides a summary of the progress being made to improve the quality of life for Indigenous Queenslanders living in discrete Aboriginal and mainland Torres Strait Islander communities, from January to March 2008. The communities are the 17 communities that signed the Partnership Agreement in July 2007.

The four key health and wellbeing indicators for which data are provided in this report include: violence against people; hospital admissions due to assault; court appearances for breaches of alcohol restrictions; and school attendance.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Ritter A, McDonald D (2008)

Illicit drug policy: scoping the interventions and taxonomies.

Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy; 15(1): 15-35

Roche AM, Pidd K, Bywood P, Duraisingam P, Steenson T, Freeman T, Nicholas R (2008)

Drug testing in schools: evidence, impacts and alternatives.

Canberra: Australian National Council on Drugs

Vumbaca G (2008)

Drugs and prisons: the plan.

Of Substance; 6(4): 16-17

White V, Smith G (2008)

Australian secondary school students' use of tobacco, alcohol, and over-the-counter and illicit substances in 2008.

Canberra: Department of Health and Ageing, Australia

Yeats B (2008)

Women and drugs.

Melbourne: Women’s Health Victoria

 
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