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What do we know about nutrition among Indigenous people?

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What is nutrition?

If a person eats healthy food they are more likely to be healthy [1]. A healthy diet includes:

Having access to healthy foods can be a challenge for some Indigenous people who live in remote locations because food that has to be shipped over long distances is not always available, or because fresh foods may be expensive [1].

What do we know about nutrition among Indigenous people?

The 2004-2005 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey (NATSIHS) found that most Indigenous people ate fruit (86%) and vegetables (95%) every day [2]. Around one-in-eight Indigenous people did not eat fruit everyday (compared to one-in-14 for non-Indigenous people) and around one-in-20 did not eat vegetables every day (compared with one-in-100 for non-Indigenous people). More Indigenous people living in non-remote areas ate fruits and vegetables daily than did those living in remote areas. This may be because fruit and vegetables are more available and less expensive in non-remote areas than in remote areas.

The 2004-2005 NATSIHS found that most Indigenous people drank whole milk, and only around one-in-six Indigenous people drank reduced fat or skim milk [2]. About one-half of Indigenous people usually added salt to their food after it was cooked.

 

References

  1. National Health and Medical Research Council (2000) Nutrition in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples: an information paper. Canberra: National Health and Medical Research Council
  2. Australian Bureau of Statistics (2006) National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey: Australia, 2004-05. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics
 
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