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Regulation and control

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Degenhardt L, Larney S, Gisev N, Trevena J, Burns L, Kimber J, Shanahan M, Butler T, Mattick RP, Weatherburn D (2014)

Imprisonment of opioid-dependent people in New South Wales, Australia, 2000–2012: a retrospective linkage study.

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health; 38(2): 165–170


Closing the Gap Clearinghouse (2013)

Diverting Indigenous offenders from the criminal justice system.

Canberra: Closing the Gap Clearinghouse

Cussen T, Payne J, Marks D (2013)

Policing alcohol and illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in metropolitan environments.

Canberra: National Drug Law Enforcement Research Fund

Lilley G, Mak DB, Fredericks T (2013)

Needle and syringe distribution trends in Western Australia, 1990 to 2009.

Drug and Alcohol Review; 32(3): 320–327

New South Wales Parliament General Purpose Standing Committee No 2 (2013)

Drug and alcohol treatment.

Sydney: Parliament of New South Wales

Stafford J, Burns L (2013)

Australian drug trends 2012. Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS).

Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre

Victorian Auditor-General (2013)

Prevention and management of drug use in prisons.

Melbourne: Victorian Auditor-General's Office


Clough AR, Jacups S, Robertson J, Rogerson B, Graham V (2012)

Listening to what Indigenous people in remote communities say about alcohol restrictions and cannabis use: “Good thing that the alcohol's gone, but the gunja has kept going” [letter].

Medical Journal of Australia; 197(5):

Entwhistle P, Entwhistle D (2012)

First review of alcohol and drugs (AOD) Indigenous communities project (2011-2014) May 2012.

Darwin: Amity Community Services

Gray D (2012)

Community-wide approaches to substance misuse.

In: Lee K, Freeburn B, Ella S, Miller W, Perry J, Conigrave K, eds. Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work. Sydney: University of Sydney: 331-342

This chapter is from the Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work and provides information for alcohol and other drug (AOD) workers on community-wide approaches to substance misuse, including:

  • engaging with communities to address drug and alcohol issues
  • what communities can do to prevent or limit drinking problems.

Abstract adapted from the University of Sydney

John Scougall Consulting Services (2012)

Keeping people safe: an evaluation of the Nyoongar Patrol Outreach Service.

Perth: Australian Policy Online

Northern Territory poisons and dangerous drugs act (2012)

Northern Territory Government

Senior k, William I, Chenhall R, Cunningham T, Nagel T, Loyd R, McMahon R (2012)

Developing successful diversionary schemes for youth from remote Aboriginal communities.

Canberra: Criminology Research Advisory Council

Taussig I, Jones C (2012)

Penalties and reconviction risk among offenders convicted of drug driving.

Sydney: NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research


Beacroft L, Richards K, Andrevski H, Rosevear L (2011)

Community night patrols in the Northern Territory: toward an improved performance and reporting framework.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology

Queensland Health (2011)

2011–2012 Queensland drug action plan.

Brisbane: Queensland Health

The 2011-2012 Queensland drug action plan builds on the longstanding partnerships between health, law enforcement and education sectors, to engage government, non-government organisations and the community in reducing the supply, the demand and the harms associated with drug misuse throughout Queensland.

It focuses on five priority areas:

  • alcohol-related violence and injury
  • smoking and heavy drinking
  • reducing harms for families
  • tobacco, alcohol and cannabis use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
  • pharmaceutical and illicit drugs.

Queensland Health abstract


Alcohol and Other Drugs Council of Australia (2010)

Pharmaceuticals policy paper.

Canberra: Alcohol and Other Drugs Council of Australia

Australian Crime Commission (2010)

Illicit drug data report 2008-09.

Canberra: Australian Crime Commission

Crime and Misconduct Commission Queensland (2010)

Illicit drug markets in Queensland: a strategic assessment.

Brisbane: Crime and Misconduct Commission Queensland

Gray D, Wilkes E (2010)

Reducing alcohol and other drug related harm.

Canberra: Closing the Gap Clearinghouse

This resource sheet provides an overview of approaches to reducing alcohol and other drug related harm amongst Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. Included is information on what is currently known about these approaches and what information needs to be developed in this area. This resource sheet was produced as part of a series by the Closing the gap clearinghouse to disseminate information which could be used to help develop solutions to 'close the gap'.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

McAtamney A, Willis K (2010)

Policing cannabis and other illicit substances in remote Indigenous Australian communities.

Retrieved March 2010 from

National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Conference (2010)

The way forward: resolutions from the Inaugural National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Conference.

Canberra: National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Committee

Nicholas R (2010)

An environmental scan on alcohol and other drug issues facing law enforcement in Australia 2010.

Hobart: National Drug Law Enforcement Research Fund


Australian Crime Commission (2009)

Illicit drug data report 2007 - 2008.

Canberra: Australian Crime Commission

Urquhart B, Thomson N (2009)

Review of the misuse of kava among Indigenous people.

Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin; 9(3): 1-14

Willis M (2009)

Policing substance abuse in Indigenous communities: report from a workshop held in Mildura, Victoria, 5–6 August 2008.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology

This report documents the findings of a workshop held in Mildura that provided an opportunity to disseminate findings from the National Drug Law Enforcement Research Fund to an audience of NSW and Victorian police involved in implementing and managing the policing response to substance abuse in Indigenous communities.

Police presented environmental scans from their respective jurisdictions. The objectives of the workshop included: establishing the key issues for police in relation to substance abuse in Indigenous communities; identifying differences in policing illicit drug use in Indigenous communities compared with other communities; and identifying where police may be able to improve their response to these issues. Key findings included: research and environmental scans shared at the workshop raised awareness of the emerging issue of illicit drug use; differences between urban, regional and remote communities in policing responses to illicit substance use; differences in police responses to urban Indigenous drug use highlighted the need for further research; and networking between operational police and staff from other areas (such as Aboriginal Community Liaison Officers) is likely to provide significant benefits and needs to be encouraged.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

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