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2014

Lee KSK, Harrison K, Mills K, Conigrave KM (2014)

Needs of Aboriginal Australian women with comorbid mental and alcohol and other drug use disorders.

Drug and Alcohol Review; Early view(http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dar.12127):

Mina MM, Clark PJ, Beasley HM, Herawati L, Butler TG, Lloyd AR (2014)

Enhancing hepatitis C treatment in the custodial setting: a national roadmap.

Medical Journal of Australia; 200(1): 15-16

2013

Poeder F, ed. (2013)

Stories from the other side: an exploration of injecting drug use in NSW prisons.

Sydney: NSW Users and AIDS Association

Abhilash D, Kemp R, Ward J, Henderson S, Williams S, Smirnov A, Plotnikova M, Najman JM (2013)

Findings from the Queensland injecting drug survey (QuIDS): comparing hepatitis C risk behaviours among Indigenous and non-Indigenous people who inject drugs.

HIV Australia; 11(3): 37 - 40

Aboriginal Health and Medical Research Council of NSW (2013)

STI & BBV manual: early detection and treatment of sexually transmissible infections and blood-borne viruses.

Sydney: Aboriginal Health and Medical Research Council of NSW

This manual provides a framework for the planning, delivery, and evaluation of early detection and treatment programs for sexually transmissible infections (STIs) and blood borne viruses (BBVs) in Aboriginal communities in New South Wales. The manual has been designed to be used by workers in a range of clinical settings, including: Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services, specialist sexual health services, general practice clinics, and other services delivering primary health care.

The manual is divided into four sections:

  • background information
  • early detection and treatment programs
  • planning, implementing, and evaluating early detection and treatment programs
  • tools and references.

Workers in the sexual health field are advised that this manual is not a comprehensive treatment manual, and should refer to national or state treatment guidelines and policies for complete information on treating STIs and BBVs.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Alavi M, Grebely J, Micallef M, Dunlop AJ, Balcomb AC, Day CA, Treloar C, Bath N, Haber PS, Dore GJ, Enhancing Treatment for Hepatitis C in Opioid Substitution Settings (ETHOS) Study Group (2013)

Assessment and treatment of hepatitis c virus infection among people who inject drugs in the opioid substitution setting: ETHOS study.

Clinical Infectious Diseases; 57(Suppl 2): S62-S69

Australasian Society for HIV Medicine, Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory (2013)

Hepatitis B mapping project: estimates of chronic hepatitis B prevalence and cultural and linguistic diversity by Medicare Local : national report 2011.

Sydney: Australasian Society for HIV Medicine

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2011-12.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This report presents data on alcohol and other drug treatment agencies and the episodes of treatment provided in Australia for 2011-2012. Alcohol was the most common principal drug of concern, accounting for almost half of these closed episodes, and counselling was the most common type of treatment. The report shows that Indigenous Australians were more likely to use alcohol, cannabis and amphetamines than non-Indigenous Australians, although Indigenous Australians were more likely to abstain from alcohol than non-Indigenous Australians. Data for Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians is presented throughout the report.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian National Council on Drugs (2013)

ANCD position paper: needle and syringe programs.

Canberra: Australian National Council on Drugs

Butt J (2013)

Kava usage in Aboriginal and Pacific Islander communities in Australia.

Perth: National Drug Research Institute

Human Rights & Discrimination Commissioner (2013)

Legal issues in Australian public health: a series of 7 papers on the impacts of discrimination and criminalisation on public health approaches to blood borne viruses and sexually transmissible infections.

Canberra: ACT Human Rights Commission

Iversen J, Grebely J, Topp L, Wand H, Dore G, Maher L (2013)

Uptake of hepatitis C treatment among people who inject drugs attending needle and syringe programs in Australia, 1999–2011.

Journal of Viral Hepatitis; 21(3): 198 - 207

A global systematic review of hepatitis C virus in prisons and other closed settings (2013)

Larney S, Kopinski H, Beckwith C, Zaller N, Jarlais DD, Hagan H, Rich J, van den Bergh B, Degenhardt L

Lea T, Costello M, Mao L, Prestage G, Zablotska I, Ward J, Kaldor J, de Wit J, Holt M (2013)

Elevated reporting of unprotected anal intercourse and injecting drug use but no difference in HIV prevalence among Indigenous Australian gay and bisexual men compared with their Anglo-Australian peers.

Sexual Health; 10(2): 146-155

Lea T, Holt M (2013)

HIV risk practices among Indigenous Australian and Anglo-Australian gay and bisexual men.

HIV Australia; 11(3): 35 - 36

Moore E, Winter R, Indig D, Greenberg D, Kinner SA (2013)

Non-fatal overdose among adult prisoners with a history of injecting drug use in two Australian states.

Drug and Alcohol Dependence; 133(1): 45 - 51

National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Committee (2013)

An economic analysis for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander offenders: prison vs residential treatment.

Canberra: Australian National Council on Drugs

This report was commissioned by the National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Committee to:

  • identify the patterns and prevalence of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders in the prison system
  • outline the impacts and implications of incarceration for Indigenous Australians
  • analyse the costs and benefits of addressing Indigenous problematic substance use with treatment, particularly residential rehabilitation, as compared to prison.

A number of sources of information, including a scan of relevant literature and data repositories and consultations with key stakeholders, were used to inform the analysis.

The report highlights the cost and health benefits of diversionary programs and community residential rehabilitation for Indigenous people who have been convicted of non-violent, substance use related offences.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Ober C, Dingle K, Clavarino A, Najman JM, Alati R, Heffernan EB (2013)

Validating a screening tool for mental health and substance use risk in an Indigenous prison population.

Drug and Alcohol Review; 32(6): 611–617

Paquette D, McEwan M, Bryant J (2013)

Risk practices among Aboriginal people who inject drugs in New South Wales, Australia.

AIDS and Behavior; 17(7): 2467-2473

Queensland Health (2013)

Queensland HIV Strategy 2013-2015.

Brisbane: Queensland Health

Rodgers M (2013)

Connecting with youth: how arts-based health campaigns are engaging young Aboriginal people in NSW.

HIV Australia; 11(3): 46-48

Social Inclusion Action Research Group (2013)

Reducing stigma and discrimination relating to alcohol and other drugs in Western Australia: position paper.

Perth: Western Australia Drug and Alcohol Office

Spratley S, Donnelly N, Trimboli L (2013)

Health and wellbeing outcomes for defendants entering the Alcohol-MERIT program.

Sydney: NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research

Stafford J, Burns L (2013)

Australian drug trends 2012. Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS).

Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre

The Kirby Institute (2013)

Bloodborne viral and sexually transmitted infections in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: annual surveillance report 2013.

Sydney: University of New South Wales

The Kirby Institute (2013)

HIV, viral hepatitis and sexually transmissible infections in Australia: annual surveillance report 2013.

Sydney: University of New South Wales

van Dooren K, Kinner SA, Forsyth S (2013)

Risk of death for young ex-prisoners in the year following release from adult prison.

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health; 37(4): 377-382

Van Dooren K, Richards A, Lennox N, Kinner SA (2013)

Complex health-related needs among young, soon-to-be-released prisoners.

Health and Justice; 1

Retrieved 24 October 2013 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/2194-7899-1-1

Ward J, Bryant J, Worth H, Hull P, Solar S, Bailey S (2013)

Use of health services for sexually transmitted and blood-borne viral infections by young Aboriginal people in New South Wales.

Australian Journal of Primary Health; 19(1): 81-86

Warhaft G (2013)

Hepatitis C: part of the punishment?.

Of Substance; 11(3): 22-25

2012

Allan J, Kemp M, Golden A (2012)

The prevalence of cognitive impairment in a rural in-patient substance misuse treatment programme.

Mental Health and Substance Use; 5(4): 303-313

Andrews JY, Kinner SA (2012)

Understanding drug-related mortality in released prisoners: a review of national coronial records.

BMC Public Health; 12: 270

Retrieved 4 April 2012 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-270

Indigenous health snapshot (2012)

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This factsheet provides a one-page summary of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health in 2012, including:

  • life expectancy
  • risk factors
  • disease
  • Closing the gap program.

The factsheet is a snapshot of information taken from the thirteenth biennial health report of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW): Australia's health 2012.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Bohanna I, Clough AR (2012)

Cannabis use in Cape York Indigenous communities: high prevalence, mental health impacts and the desire to quit.

Drug and Alcohol Review; 31(4): 580–584

Clough AR, Jacups S, Robertson J, Rogerson B, Graham V (2012)

Listening to what Indigenous people in remote communities say about alcohol restrictions and cannabis use: “Good thing that the alcohol's gone, but the gunja has kept going” [letter].

Medical Journal of Australia; 197(5):

de Wit J, Holt M, Treloar C(Eds) (2012)

HIV/AIDS, hepatitis and sexually transmissible infections in Australia: annual report of trends in behaviour 2012.

Sydney: National Centre in HIV Social Research, The University of New South Wales

Doolan I, Najman JM, Cherney A (2012)

Health needs of Australian Indigenous young people entering detention.

Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health; 48(10): 896–901

Gately N, Fleming J, Morris R, McGregor C (2012)

Amphetamine users and crime in Western Australia, 1999–2009.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology

Heffernan E, Anderson K, Dev A (2012)

Inside Out: the mental health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in custody report.

Brisbane: Queensland Health

Howard J, Alperstein D, Cox S, Zorz H, – LINC Owen Smith (2012)

Young men and yarndi: a pilot to diffuse information on cannabis, its use and potential risks among young Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians.

Sydney: National Cannabis Prevention and Information Centre

This edition of the National Cannabis Prevention and Information Centre (NCPIC) bulletin provides information on the Young men and yarndi program, a camp run in New South Wales that provides young Indigenous men with information about cannabis. This report provides information on:

  • the rationale for the program
  • the theoretical underpinnings of the program
  • the aims of the program
  • how the program is operated
  • lessons learned from the program.

This report also includes the slides of a Power point presentation about the Young men and yarndi program.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Hunter EM, Gynther BD, Anderson CJ, Onnis L-A L, Nelson JR, Hall W, Baune BT, Groves AR (2012)

Psychosis in Indigenous populations of Cape York and the Torres Strait.

Medical Journal of Australia; 196(2): 133-135

Lee L, Midford R, Malone S (2012)

The Dampier Peninsula Prevention Project: working with a group of remote Australian Aboriginal communities to address alcohol and drug use.

International Journal of Health Promotion and Education; 50(3): 111-124

Taylor L, Hutchinson D, Rapee R, Burns L, Stephens C, Haber PS (2012)

Clinical features and correlates of outcomes for high-risk, marginalized mothers and newborn infants engaged with a specialist perinatal and family drug health service.

Obstetrics and Gynecology International; 2012: 867265

Retrieved 22 November 2012 from http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ogi/2012/867265/

The Kirby Institute (2012)

Bloodborne viral and sexually transmitted infections in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: surveillance and evaluation report 2012.

Sydney: University of New South Wales

The Kirby Institute (2012)

Highlighting Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander research at The Kirby Institute.

Sydney: The Kirby Institute

The Australian Indigenous and Torres Strait Islander health program was established at the Kirby Institute in 2007, with an aim to close the gap in the health disparity between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and non-Indigenous Australians. The key focus of the Institute's work is sexual health and blood borne viruses, working in collaboration with other key health sectors involved in substance use, offender health, and social and emotional wellbeing research.

This report outlines a number of projects being conducted by the Kirby Institute across Australia. Information for each project includes:

  • description of the project
  • Aboriginal community involvement
  • expected benefits to the community
  • investigators
  • collaborating organisations
  • funding body
  • contacts.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

The Kirby Institute (2012)

HIV, viral hepatitis and sexually transmissible infections in Australia: annual surveillance report 2012.

Sydney: University of New South Wales

Thomas SL, Kalsi H, Graham S (2012)

Sexually transmissible infections and bloodborne viruses in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations.

New South Wales Public Health Bulletin; 23(4): 92

Thomson N, MacRae A, Brankovich J, Burns J, Catto M, Gray C, Levitan L, Maling C, Potter C, Ride K, Stumpers S, Urquhart B (2012)

Overview of Australian Indigenous health status, 2011.

Perth, WA: Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

Turner-Walker J (2012)

Clash of the paradigms : night patrols in remote central Australia.

Masters in Criminal Justice thesis, University of Western Australia: Perth, WA

Victorian Dual Diagnosis Education and Training Unit (2012)

The relationship between alcohol and drugs and mental health: a resource book for Aboriginal workers.

Fitzroy, Vic: Victorian Dual Diagnosis Education and Training Unit

This book provides information on the relationship between mental health and alcohol and other drug use for the Aboriginal alcohol and other drug (AOD), and social and emotional wellbeing (SEWB) workforce. The book covers the following topics:

  • drugs and the body and mind connection
  • mental illness
  • the relationship between mental health, and alcohol and other drugs
  • stages of change
  • interventions
  • treatment options
  • resources and services.

This book is one of three key resources produced as part of the of the Our healing ways project. It was developed by the Victorian Dual Diagnosis Initiative (VDDI) Education and Training Unit and funded by the Mental Health, Drugs and Regions Division of the Department of Health Victoria.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

2011

Ngarra 2011 booklet (2011)

Australasian Society for HIV Medicine

This resource showcases the sexual health initiatives taking place across Australia which have been specifically designed for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. It highlights the work of both individuals and organisations who focus on the sexual and reproductive health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population groups. The resource is produced by the Australasian Society for HIV Medicine (ASHM) in collaboration with the National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation (NACCHO).

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2011)

Substance use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2011)

The health of Australia's prisoners 2010.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Butler T, Indig D, Allnutt S, Mamoon H (2011)

Co-occurring mental illness and substance use disorder among Australian prisoners.

Drug and Alcohol Review; 30(March): 188-194

Butler T, Lim D, Callander D (2011)

National prison entrants' bloodborne virus and risk behaviour survey report 2004, 2007, and 2010: prevalence of HIV, HBV, HCV, and risk behaviours among Australian prison entrants: national report.

Sydney: Kirby Institute

Commission for Children and Young People and Child Guardian (2011)

Your views... Detention Queensland 2011.

Brisbane: Commission for Children and Young People and Child Guardian

Communicable Diseases Network Australia (2011)

National blood-borne virus and sexually transmissible infections surveillance and monitoring plan: 2010 - 2013.

Canberra: Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing

Entwistle P, Entwistle D, Piper K, Stothers K, Centre for Remote Health (2011)

AOD Indigenous Communities Project 2009-2011 : final evaluation report.

Darwin: Amity Community Services

Harrod ME, Ward J, Graham S, Butler T (2011)

Australian prisons: the key to closing the gap and ensuring HIV remains low in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities.

HIV Australia; 9(1): 17-19

Katelaris AG (2011)

Why are prisoners dying after they're released?.

Medical Journal of Australia; 195(2): 59

Kinner SA, Preen DB, Kariminia A, Butler T, Andrews JY, Stoové M, Law M (2011)

Counting the cost: estimating the number of deaths among recently released prisoners in Australia.

Medical Journal of Australia; 195(2): 64-68

Kratzmann M, Mitchell E, Ware J, Banach L, Ward J, Ryan J, Sutton L, Griffiths P, Saunders M (2011)

Injecting drug use and associated harms among Aboriginal Australians.

Canberra: Australian National Council on Drugs

The project Injecting drug use and associated harms among Aboriginal Australians was undertaken by Anex and the National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation (NACCHO), and commissioned by Australian National Council on Drugs (ANCD). The findings from the project are summarised in this report. Copies can be obtained from the ANCD Secretariat or the ANCD website.

Abstract adapted from ANCD

May J (2011)

From the inside out: injecting drug use in the Australian prison system.

HIV Australia; 9(1): 29-31

Mission Australia (2011)

National survey of young Australians 2011: key and emerging issues.

Sydney: Mission Australia

Rychetnik L, Madronio CM (2011)

The health and social effects of drinking water-based infusions of kava: a review of the evidence.

Drug and Alcohol Review; 30(1): 74-83

Sexual Health and Blood-borne Virus Program (2011)

Hepatitis C model of care implementation plan 2010-2014.

Perth: Department of Health, Western Australia

Stafford J, Burns L (2011)

Australian drug trends 2010: findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS).

: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales

The Kirby Institute (2011)

Bloodborne viral and sexually transmitted infections in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: surveillance and evaluation report 2011.

Sydney: University of New South Wales

The Kirby Institute (2011)

HIV, viral hepatitis and sexually transmissible infections in Australia: annual surveillance report 2011.

Sydney: University of New South Wales

Ward J, Topp L, Iversen J, Wand H, Akre S, Kaldor J, Maher L (2011)

Higher HCV antibody prevalence among Indigenous clients of needle and syringe programs.

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health; 35(5): 234-245

Watkins RE, Mak DB, Connelly C (2011)

Identifying high risk groups for sexually transmitted infections and blood borne viruses upon admission to prison in Western Australia.

Rural and Remote Health; 11: 1621

Retrieved 16 March 2011 from http://www.rrh.org.au/publishedarticles/article_print_1621.pdf

Western Australian Department of Health (2011)

The second Western Australian Aboriginal sexual health and blood-borne virus strategy and regional implementation plan template 2010 to 2014.

Perth: Department of Health, Western Australia

2010

Anex (2010)

With conviction: the case for controlled needle and syringe programs in Australian prisons.

Melbourne: Anex

Australian Department of Health and Ageing (2010)

National hepatitis B strategy 2010 - 2013.

: Australian Department of Health and Ageing

Australian Department of Health and Ageing (2010)

Sixth national HIV strategy 2010-2013.

Canberra: Department of Health and Ageing, Australia

Australian Department of Health and Ageing (2010)

Third national Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander blood borne viruses and sexually transmissible infections strategy 2010 – 2013.

Canberra: Department of Health and Ageing, Australia

The Third National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Blood Borne Viruses and Sexually Transmissible Infections Strategy was released in March 2010. It is one of a set of five national strategies aimed at reducing the transmission of sexually transmissible infections (STIs) and blood borne viruses (BBVs) and their morbidity, mortality and personal and social impacts.

The strategy highlights ongoing challenges in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities relating to STIs and BBVs. These include:

  • sustained and unacceptably high rates of bacterial STIs in many remote communities
  • the rate of acquisition of HIV and viral hepatitis through injecting drug use
  • ongoing incidence of HIV infections among men who have sex with men
  • lack of access for many communities to culturally appropriate primary health care services.

The new priority action areas identified in the strategy are:

  • annual, routine and systematic testing, treatment and follow-up for bacterial STIs of sexually active Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people
  • increased access to treatment for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people who test positive to bacterial STIs;
  • increased primary prevention activities that seek to reduce the number of new cases of HIV and viral hepatitis among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people who inject drugs
  • competent and accredited workforces consistent across all jurisdictions to address the scope of work outlined in the strategy.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Department of Health and Ageing (2010)

Third national hepatitis C strategy 2010 - 2013.

Canberra: Department of Health and Ageing, Australia

Barnett L, Kendall E, McKay K, McIntyre M, Kolves K, De Leo D (2010)

Suicidal behaviours in Indigenous communities in Queensland: evaluation and development of baseline data [final report].

Mackay, Qld: Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention

Boonwaat L, Haber PS, Levy MH, Lloyd AR (2010)

Establishment of a successful assessment and treatment service for Australian prison inmates with chronic hepatitis C.

Medical Journal of Australia; 192(9): 496-500

Department of Health and Ageing (2010)

National needle and syringe programs strategic framework 2010-2014.

Canberra: Department of Health and Ageing, Australia

Department of Health and Families (2010)

Northern Territory sexual health and blood borne viruses unit surveillance update [vol. 11 No 1, Jan-Mar & Apr-Jun 2010].

Darwin: Department of Health and Families, Northern Territory

Department of Health and Families (2010)

Northern Territory sexual health and blood borne viruses unit surveillance update [vol. 11 no. 2, Jul-Sep 2010 & Oct-Dec 2010].

Darwin: Department of Health and Families, Northern Territory

Dietze P, Stoové M, Miller P, Kinner S, Bruno R, Alati R, Burns L (2010)

The self-reported personal wellbeing of a sample of Australian injecting drug users.

Addiction; 105(12): 2141-2148

Dingwall K, Cairney S (2010)

New tools assess Indigenous substance abusers.

Of Substance; 8(1): 6

Dingwall KM, Cairney S (2010)

Detecting psychological symptoms related to substance use among Indigenous Australians.

Drug and Alcohol Review; 30(1): 33-39

Gray D, Wilkes E (2010)

Reducing alcohol and other drug related harm.

Canberra: Closing the Gap Clearinghouse

This resource sheet provides an overview of approaches to reducing alcohol and other drug related harm amongst Indigenous Australians. Included is information on what is currently known about these approaches and what information needs to be developed in this area. This resource sheet was produced as part of a series by the Closing the gap clearinghouse to disseminate information which could be used to help develop solutions to 'close the gap'.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Iversen J, Topp L, Shying K, Maher L (2010)

Australian NSP Survey National Data Report 2005-2009: prevalence of HIV, HCV and injecting and sexual behaviour among IDUs at Needle and Syringe Programs.

Sydney: National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research

Iversen J, Wand H, Gonnermann A, Maher L (2010)

Gender differences in hepatitis C antibody prevalence and risk behaviours amongst people who inject drugs in Australia 1998-2008.

International Journal of Drug Policy; 21(6): 471-476

Jamieson LM, Gunthorpe W, Cairney SJ, Sayers SM, Roberts-Thomson KF, Slade GD (2010)

Substance use and periodontal disease among Australian Aboriginal young adults.

Addiction; 105(4): 719-726

Kwan K, Mak D, Giele C, Bastian L, Bevan J, Greville H, Lilley G (2010)

The epidemiology of notifiable sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses in Western Australia 2008.

Perth, WA: Public Health, Western Australia

Larney S (2010)

Does opioid substitution treatment in prisons reduce injecting-related HIV risk behaviours? A systematic review.

Addiction; 105(2): 216 - 223

McMahon T, Moreton RJ, Luisi BN (2010)

Guarding against an HIV epidemic within an Aboriginal community and cultural framework; lessons from NSW.

New South Wales Public Health Bulletin; 21(4): 83-85

National Centre in HIV Epidemiology & Clinical Research (2010)

Bloodborne viral and sexually transmitted infections in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: surveillance and evaluation report 2010.

Sydney, NSW: National Centre in HIV Epidemiology & Clinical Research, University of New South Wales

This annual report provides statistical information on the incidence of sexually transmissible infections (STIs) and bloodborne viruses (BBVs) among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and other Australians. In most instances, the data utilised in this report are to the end of 2009 and relate specifically to chlamydia, donovanosis, gonorrhoea, syphilis, HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C.

Consistent with previous surveillance reports, this report reveals that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples continue to experience significantly higher rates of STIs and BBVs when compared with non-Indigenous Australians. Numerous factors are identified as contributing to the higher rates of STIs and BBVs in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population including:

  • less access to health services
  • shortage of clinical staff
  • transmission dynamics
  • high rates of screening
  • a younger, more mobile population
  • socioeconomic disadvantage
  • shame and historical factors
  • mainstream STI and BBV social marketing messages.

Ultimately this report seeks to encourage further dialogue on minimising the risks associated with the transmission of STIs and BBVs among Indigenous peoples, as well as the resultant personal and social implications.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

National Centre in HIV Epidemiology & Clinical Research (2010)

HIV, viral hepatitis and sexually transmissible infections in Australia: annual surveillance report 2010.

Sydney, NSW: National Centre in HIV Epidemiology & Clinical Research, University of New South Wales

Resnick I, Brener L (2010)

Hepatitis C and the Aboriginal population.

Sydney: National Centre in HIV Social Research, The University of New South Wales

South Australian Mental Health Policy Unit (2010)

South Australia's mental health and wellbeing policy 2010-2015.

Adelaide: South Australian Department of Health

Stafford J, Burns L (2010)

Australian drug trends 2009: findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS).

Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales

Stough C, King R (2010)

The role of alcohol and other drugs in road deaths and serious injuries.

Prevention Research Quarterly; Issues paper no.12(Drugs and driving): 1-26

URBIS (2010)

Review of OATSIH's investment in sexual health and blood borne virus activities: final report.

Sydney: URBIS

Wang Z, Si D, Hoy WE (2010)

Mental disorders due to substance use and cardiovascular disease risk in Aboriginal adults: letter.

Medical Journal of Australia; 192(10): 566

Wilkes E, Gray D, Saggers S, Casey W, Stearne A (2010)

Substance misuse and mental health among Aboriginal Australians.

In: Purdie N, Dudgeon P, Walker R, eds. Working together: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mental health and wellbeing principles and practice. Canberra: Department of Health and Ageing: 117-134

2009

Anangu Lands Paper Tracker (2009)

APY Lands: monitoring the use of marijuana.

Adelaide: Anangu Lands Paper Tracker

Hepatitis Australia, National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation, Aldo Spina Consultancy Services (2009)

Mapping and scoping of hepatitis C education and prevention activities in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities: survey of Aboriginal community controlled health services.

Canberra: Hepatitis Australia

Kelly K, Dudgeon P, Gee G, Glaskin B (2009)

Living on the edge: social and emotional wellbeing and risk and protective factors for serious psychological distress among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

Darwin: Cooperative Research Centre for Aboriginal Health

O'Donnell M, Nassar N, Leonard H, Hagan R, Mathews R, Patterson Y, Stanley F (2009)

Increasing prevalence of neonatal withdrawal syndrome: population study of maternal factors and child protection involvement.

Pediatrics; 123(4): e614-e621

Stafford J, Sindicich N, Burns L, Cassar J, Cogger S, de Graaff B, George J, Moon C, Phillips B, Quinn B, White N (2009)

Australian Drug Trends 2008: findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS).

Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales

Tetstall E, Liu AJ, An EI, Canalese J, Nanan R (2009)

Pregnancy and neonatal characteristics of opioid-dependent Indigenous Australians: a rural and metropolitan comparison.

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology; 49(3): 279-84

Urquhart B, Thomson N (2009)

Review of the misuse of kava among Indigenous people.

Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin; 9(3): 1-14

Wilson D, Kwon A, Anderson J, Thein R (2009)

Return on investment 2: evaluating the cost-effectiveness of needle and syringe programs in Australia.

Sydney: Department of Health and Ageing, Australia

2008

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet (2008)

Summary of hepatitis C among Indigenous Australians.

Retrieved from http://www.healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au/infectious-conditions/hepatitis/reviews/our-review-c

Brown J, Hunter E, Conigrave K, d’Abbs P, Boffa J, Gallagher C (2008)

Multidisciplinary care in the management of substance misuse and mental health problems in Indigenous settings.

Perth: National Drug Research Institute

Butler T, Papanastasiou C (2008)

National prison entrants' bloodborne virus and risk behaviour survey report 2004 and 2007.

Perth, WA: National Drug Research Institute

Catto M, Thomson N (2008)

Review of illicit drug use among Indigenous peoples.

Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin; 8(4): 1-32

Degenhardt L, Kinner SA, Roxburgh A, Black E, Bruno R, Fetherston J, Fry CL (2008)

Drug use and risk among regular injecting drug users in Australia: does age make a difference?.

Drug and Alcohol Review; 27(4): 357-360

Drug and Alcohol Office (WA) (2008)

Aboriginal blood-borne virus scoping project literature review.

Perth: Drug and Alcohol Office (WA)

The 'Aboriginal Blood-Borne Virus Scoping Project' was undertaken to investigate the enablers and barriers of accessing needle and syringe programs in Kalgoorlie and the south-west for Aboriginal people who inject drugs (APWIDs). The 'Sexual Health and Blood Borne Virus Program' from the Department of Health (WA) funded the Alcohol and Drug Office to conduct the scoping project.

The scoping project was undertaken in response to the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Sexual Health Strategy 2005-2008 (2005), identifying HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis B and C as significant health issues for Indigenous people who inject drugs, and the need to strengthen harm reduction programs in this area, as well as recent data identifying a higher number of HIV diagnoses as a result of injecting drug use among the Indigenous population compared to the non-Indigenous population, and greater rates of Hepatitis B and C diagnoses as a result of injecting drug use among the Indigenous population compared to the non-Indigenous population.

The 'Aboriginal Blood-Borne Virus Scoping Project Literature Review' was undertaken as a compendium to the project. The review examined recent national and local studies of Indigenous injecting drug use and associated harm reduction strategies, and related projects and initiatives.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Fu PP, Xia Q, Guo L, Yu H, Chan P (2008)

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Lee K (2008)

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Lee KSK, Clough AR, Jaragba MJ, Conigrave KM, Patton GC (2008)

Heavy cannabis use and depressive symptoms in three Aboriginal communities in Arnhem Land, Northern Territory.

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McLaren J, Lemon J, Robins L, Mattick RP (2008)

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Robertson J, Dowie R (2008)

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