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2013

Community Affairs References Committee (2013)

Australia's domestic response to the World Health Organization's (WHO) Commission on Social Determinants of Health report "Closing the gap within a generation".

Canberra: Parliament of Australia

This report is the result of a Senate Community Affairs Committee inquiry into Australia's domestic response to the World Health Organization's (WHO) commission on social determinants of health report Closing the gap within a generation. It includes:

  • a broad overview of the theory and evidence indicating that social determinants play an important role in individual health outcomes in Australia
  • a summary of the World Health Organisation published report Closing the gap in a generation and its key recommendations
  • a discussion of government responses to the social determinants of health in Australia - current state and Commonwealth government initiatives are reviewed, including Closing the gap initiatives and South Australia's, Health in all policies approach
  • a summary of the current data gather mechanisms for the social determinants of health, as well as arguments regarding the efficacy and appropriateness of current efforts.

The inquiry comprised of 68 public submissions from organisations and individuals and four public hearings. Submissions, additional information, the Hansard transcript of evidence and responses to questions on notice can be accessed through the committee's website at the link below.

The report makes five recommendations.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Coordinator General for Remote Indigenous Services (2013)

Coordinator General for Remote Indigenous Services six monthly report April 2013 to October 2013.

Canberra: Office of the Coordinator General for Remote Indigenous Services

Coordinator General for Remote Indigenous Services (2013)

Coordinator General for Remote Indigenous Services six monthly report October 2012 to March 2013.

Canberra: Office of the Coordinator General for Remote Indigenous Services

Day A, Francisco A, Jones R (2013)

Programs to improve interpersonal safety in Indigenous communities: evidence and issues.

Canberra: Closing the Gap Clearinghouse

Department of Families Housing Community Services and Indigenous Affairs (2013)

Closing the gap: Prime Minister's report 2013.

Canberra: Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs

This is the fifth annual report outlining progress made towards meeting the targets set for Closing the gap in Indigenous disadvantage in the seven key building blocks:

  • early childhood
  • schooling
  • health
  • healthy homes
  • safe communities
  • economic participation
  • governance and leadership.

The report includes new data from the 2011 Census and provides the most comprehensive assessment to date of progress against the targets.

The report highlights 2013 as the year the first target - ensuring all Indigenous four-year olds living in remote communities have access to early childhood education within five years - falls due and claims this target will be met.

The Australian Government's agenda for Closing the gap is driven by the need to:

  • overcome decades of under-investment in services and infrastructure
  • encourage and support personal responsibility for healthy functional families and communities
  • build new understanding and respect between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.

The report states that continued and sustained effort is needed to close the gap, but that the expected achievement of the early childhood education target in 2013 will support a commitment to ensuring that benefits flow through to the other Closing the gap targets to further address Indigenous disadvantage.

As with previous reports, it is acknowledged that the approach to Closing the Gap is a partnership with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and communities, the private sector and non-government organisations.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Habibis D (2013)

Australian housing policy, misrecognition and Indigenous population mobility.

Housing Studies; 28(5): 764-781

Memmott P, Nash D, Birdsall-Jones C (2013)

Indigenous homelessness in regional Australia.

Brisbane: Institute for Social Science Research, the University of Queensland

This is the final report of a series of six research reports prepared for the Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs (FaHCSIA) over the last two years on Indigenous homelessness in regional Australia.

The overall aim of the research was to assess the appropriateness and effectiveness of regional service responses in responding to Indigenous homelessness. The research examined Indigenous homelessness in Australian regional cities and explored a range of service responses that have been developed for homeless and public-place dwelling Indigenous people in selected regional centres.

This report integrates and summarises all five of the earlier reports and discusses the policy, program and practice implications of the findings. The case studies include:

  • the Jimaylya Topsy Harry (homeless) Centre in Mt Isa, Queensland
  • a women's refuge in Tennant Creek, Northern Territory
  • a comparative study of cross-agency approaches to Aboriginal homelessness services in the Mid-west region of Western Australia.

Abstract adapted from Indigenous homelessness in regional Australia

Nguyen OK, Cairney S (2013)

Literature review of the interplay between education, employment, health and wellbeing for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in remote areas: working towards an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander wellbeing framework.

Alice Springs, NT: Ninti One Limited

This literature review investigated present wellbeing frameworks at a global and local level that are relevant to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people living in remote Australia. Current government frameworks gather statistical data for policy analysis and program development. Progressively more frameworks are incorporating holistic measures of health, for example, cultural health, governance, and the impacts of colonisation.

The review highlights the need to establish a wellbeing framework that considers the strengths and resilience of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people together with their worldviews, perspectives, and values. Cultural identity is vital combined with control, achievement, and inclusion at a wider level of society. Examples of successful projects are included in the review with recommendations for the development of a wellbeing framework.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

2012

Hunter B, Biddle N, eds. (2012)

Survey analysis for Indigenous policy in Australia: social science perspectives.

Canberra: Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research

This monograph presents the peer-reviewed papers from the 2011 Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research (CAEPR) and Australian Bureau Statistics (ABS) conference Social science perspectives on the 2008 National and Aboriginal Torres Strait Islander social survey (NATSISS). The conference covered many topics including for example:

  • child development
  • crime and justice
  • culture
  • social and emotional wellbeing
  • health
  • housing
  • substance use.

The papers review the strengths and limitations of the NATSISS, how the NATSISS informs policy decisions, and recommendations for the design of future surveys. This book is a useful resource for researchers, policy makers, the national debate on Indigenous issues, and Indigenous communities and organisations.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australians for Native Title Reconciliation (2012)

ANTaR prebudget submission: 2012-13.

Dulwich Hill, NSW: Australians for Native Title Reconciliation

This report prepared by Australians for Native Title Reconciliation (ANTaR) outlines their key expenditure recommendations for the 2012-13 federal budget. The 31 recommendations relate to:

  • resetting relationships and respecting rights
  • creating safe and sustainable Northern Territory communities
  • education, early childhood and language
  • protecting rights to land and resources
  • time to reduce imprisonment: a new approach to crime prevention that makes social and economic sense
  • supporting Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander economic development
  • investing in community controlled health services to close the gap and create jobs
  • sorry is the first step: reparations for the Stolen generations.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Committee on the Rights of the Child (2012)

Committee on the Rights of the Child: consideration of reports submitted by states parties under article 44 of the convention: concluding observations: Australia.

Geneva: United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

Senate Standing Committees on Community Affairs (2012)

Stronger Futures in the Northern Territory Bill 2011 and two related bills.

Canberra: Parliament of Australia

2011

Altman J (2011)

Alternate development for Indigenous territories of difference.

Canberra: Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research

Altman J (2011)

The draft Indigenous economic development strategy: a critical response.

Canberra: Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research

Australian Human Rights Commission (2011)

Social justice report 2010.

Canberra: Australian Human Rights Commission

The Social justice report is the primary responsibility of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Justice Commissioner. In the 2010 report the Commissioner reviews developments in the exercise of human rights by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in the year July 2009 to July 2010.

The 2010 report comprises three chapters, each dealing in a different way with the common threads of 'relationship-building' and 'effective engagement'. In chapter 1 the Commissioner outlines his key priorities for his term as Social Justice Commissioner, before presenting an argument and framework for the implementation of the United Nations declaration on the rights of Indigenous peoples in Australia.

Chapter 2 is concerned with the relationship between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and the broader Australian community. The Commissioner proposes constitutional recognition as a significant way to make real and tangible changes for all Australians. Included in this chapter are recommendations for a successful referendum, specifically emphasising the importance of engagement and education.

Chapter 3 is a case study of recent successes in the Fitzroy Valley, including community-led alcohol restrictions, an innovation model of local governance and a local community project to address Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. How these successes in Fitzroy Valley can be applied to the wider delivery of government programs and services is considered.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Department of Education Employment and Workplace Relations (2011)

The future of remote participation and employment servicing arrangements: discussion paper.

Canberra: Australian Government

Department of Families Housing Community Services and Indigenous Affairs (2011)

Northern Territory Emergency Response evaluation report 2011.

Canberra: Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs

Department of Families Housing Community Services and Indigenous Affairs (2011)

Stronger futures in the Northern Territory: report on consultations.

Canberra: Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs

This report summarises the consultations which took place with Aboriginal people across the Northern Territory (NT) between June and August 2011. The aim of the consultations was to hear what Aboriginal people thought about the government's role in tackling the levels of disadvantage experienced, and what needed to be done to help build a stronger future for Aboriginal people living in the NT. The themes that emerged from the consultations included:

  • addressing school attendance
  • jobs
  • reducing alcohol-related harm
  • improving housing
  • taking more responsibility for their lives and communities
  • more effective and reliable services from all levels of government
  • more consultation with government
  • the implementation of the Northern Territory Emergency Response
  • the wish for a stronger future for young people.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Equal Opportunity Commission Western Australia (2011)

Finding a place: Final report for the section 80 implementation and monitoring committee of the inquiry into the existence of discriminatory practices in relation to the provision of public housing to Aboriginal people in Western Australia.

Perth, WA: Equal Opportunity Commission, Western Australia

Equal Opportunity Commission Western Australia (2011)

Report of outcomes of the recommendations of Accommodating Everyone: the inquiry into whether persons from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds and Aboriginal people are being discriminated against on the basis of their race either directly or indirectly in the private housing rental market.

Perth, WA: Equal Opportunity Commission, Western Australia

Indigenous Peoples Issues & Resources (2011)

Indigenous resistance Down-Under: Gurindji fight the Intervention - two part video report.

: Indigenous Peoples Issues & Resources

Legislative Assembly of the Northern Territory (2011)

Justice (corrections) and other legislation amendment bill 2011.

Retrieved 2011 from http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/nt/bill/jaolab2011508/

National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Legal Services (2011)

Comments on a "National Human Rights Action Plan for Australia: background paper": National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Legal Services joint submission to the Commonwealth Attorney-General's Department.

Canberra: Attorney General’s Department

NSW Ombudsman (2011)

Keep them safe? A special report to Parliament under s31 of the Ombudsman Act 1974.

Sydney: NSW Ombudsman

Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision (2011)

Overcoming Indigenous disadvantage: key indicators 2011.

Canberra: Productivity Commission, Australia

This report is the fifth in a series of reports on overcoming Indigenous disadvantage as commissioned by the heads of government in 2002. It has been produced in consultation with Indigenous peoples, governments, academics and service providers. The report measures the progress of the six targets set by the Council of Australian Governments Closing the gap strategy, together with other identified significant indicators. The report has three main sections:

  • an overview of the key messages
  • the main report which provides the evidence base for the framework for the report and detailed information on the current outcomes and those interventions and policies that have enhanced those outcomes
  • tables expanding on the data presented in the report.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision (2011)

Overcoming Indigenous disadvantage: key indicators 2011 overview.

Canberra: Productivity Commission, Australia

2010

Peters-Little F, Curthoys A, Docker J, eds. (2010)

Passionate histories : myth, memory and Indigenous Australia.

Canberra: ANU E Press

Aboriginal Affairs NSW (2010)

Two ways together report on indicators 2009.

Sydney: Aboriginal Affairs NSW

Altman J, Hinkson M (2010)

Culture crisis : anthropology and politics in Aboriginal Australia.

Sydney: University of New South Wales Press

Anaya J (2010)

Observations on The Northern Territory Emergency Response In Australia: advance version.

Geneva: United Nations Special Rapporteur

Australian Attorney-General's Department (2010)

A new national human rights action plan for Australia: background paper.

Canberra: Attorney-General's Department, Australia

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2010)

A profile of social housing in Australia.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2010)

Evaluation of income management in the Northern Territory.

Canberra: Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Australia

Beer A, Tually S (2010)

Housing assistance, social inclusion and people with disabilities.

Melbourne: Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute

Behrendt L, Vivian A (2010)

Indigenous self-determination and the Victorian Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities – a framework for discussion.

Melbourne: Victorian Equal Opportunity & Human Rights Commission

Billings P (2010)

Social welfare experiments in Australia: more trials for Aboriginal families?.

Journal of Social Security Law; 17(3): 164-197

Brent R (2010)

Review rights for income managed people in the Northern Territory.

Canberra: Commonwealth Ombudsman, Australia

Bringing Them Home Oral History Project (2010)

Bringing Them Home oral history interviews.

: National Library of Australia

The project arises from the Commonwealth Government response to the recommendations of Bringing them home: The report of the National Inquiry into the Separation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children from their Families, which reported to the Federal Parliament in 1998. The aim of the project was to record the diverse experiences of people directly affected by the separation of Indigenous children and shed light on the legislative and policy mechanism which shaped the policies of forced removal.

There are 340 interviews in the collection, conducted primarily with families and children with direct experience of forced removal, as well as with those who worked with the children in institutions, who cared for them and were involved with policy, administration and implementation.

Access conditions to the 736 tapes vary. Summaries and transcripts are generally available

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Caruana C (2010)

Healing services for Indigenous people.

Family Relationships Quarterly; (17): 3-9

Commission for Children and Young People and Child Guardian (2010)

Views of children and young people in foster care Queensland 2010.

Brisbane: Commission for Children and Young People and Child Guardian, Queensland

Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (2010)

Consideration of reports submitted by states parties under article 9 of the convention : concluding observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination : Australia.

Geneva: Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (2010)

Implementation of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination : list of themes to be taken up in connection with the consideration of the fifteenth to seventeenth periodic reports of Australia (CERD/C/AUS/15-17).

Geneva: Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (2010)

Reports submitted by states parties under article 9 of the convention : combined fifteenth, sixteenth and seventeenth periodic reports of states parties due in 2008 : Australia.

Geneva: Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

Family and Community Development Committee (2010)

Inquiry into the adequacy and future directions of public housing in Victoria.

Melbourne: Department of Sustainability and Environment, Victoria

Freemantle J (2010)

Indigenous children - their human rights, mortality, and the Millennium Development Goals.

UN Chronicle: Achieving Global Health; 47(2): 1-5

Gleeson B (2010)

Social determinants of Indigenous health.

Griffith G (2010)

Constitutional recognition of Aboriginal people.

Retrieved from http://www.parliament.nsw.gov.au/prod/parlment/publications.nsf/key/ConstitutionalRecognitionofAboriginalPeople/$File/E+Brief+Constitutional+Recognition+of+Aboriginal+People.pdf

Gunstone A, ed. (2010)

Over a decade of despair : the Howard government and Indigenous affairs.

North Melbourne: Australian Scholarly Publishing

Hulse K, Jacobs K, Arthurson K, Spinney A (2010)

Housing, public policy and social inclusion.

Melbourne: Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute

Milligan V, Phillips R, Easthope H, Memmott P (2010)

Service directions and issues in social housing for Indigenous households in urban and regional areas.

Brisbane: Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute

New South Wales Ombudsman (2010)

Improving service delivery to Aboriginal people with a disability : a review of the implementation of ADHC's Aboriginal Policy Framework and Aboriginal Consultation Strategy.

Sydney: NSW Ombudsman

The Improving service delivery to Aboriginal people with a disability: a review of the implementation of ADHC's Aboriginal Policy Framework and Aboriginal Consultation Strategy, reviews the implementation of Ageing, Disability and Home Care's (ADHC) Aboriginal policy framework and Aboriginal consultation strategy. The Aboriginal policy framework and Aboriginal consultation strategy were released in 2005 as a guide for ADHC's staff to improve service delivery to Indigenous peoples in NSW. The review details the strengths and weaknesses of the framework and strategy currently in place and provides some recommendations for ADHC's staff to strengthen their service delivery.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Purdie N, Buckley S (2010)

School attendance and retention of Indigenous Australian students.

Canberra: Closing the Gap Clearinghouse

Queensland Government (2010)

Quarterly report on key indicators in Queensland's discrete Indigenous communities: January-March 2010.

Brisbane: Queensland Government

Short D (2010)

Australia: a continuing genocide?.

Journal of Genocide Research; 12(1): 45-68

Social Inclusion Initiative South Australia (2010)

Activating citizenship: a social inclusion approach for disability in South Australia: discussion paper.

Adelaide: Social Inclusion Initiative, South Australia

2009

Amnesty International Australia (2009)

Race discrimination, ‘special measures' and the Northern Territory Emergency Response.

Sydney: Amnesty International Australia

Biddle N (2009)

Same suburb, different worlds: comparing Indigenous and non-Indigenous outcomes in city suburbs and large regional towns.

People and Place; 17(2): 56-63

Department of Families Housing Community Services and Indigenous Affairs (2009)

Report on the Northern Territory emergency response redesign consultations.

Canberra: Department of Families Housing Community Services and Indigenous Affairs

Equal Opportunity Commission Western Australia (2009)

Accommodating everyone: an inquiry into whether people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds and Aboriginal people are being discriminated against on the basis of their race either directly or indirectly in the private housing rental market.

Perth, WA: Equal Opportunity Commission, Western Australia

Muir K, Katz I, Purcal C, Patulny R, Flaxman S, Abelló D, Cortis N, Thomson C, Oprea I, Wise S, Edwards B, Gray M, Hayes A (2009)

National evaluation (2004–2008) of the Stronger Families and Communities Strategy 2004–2009.

Sydney: National Evaluation Consortium (Social Policy Research Centre and Australian Institute of Family Studies)

Northern Territory Department of the Chief Minister (2009)

Alice Springs transformation plan.

Darwin: Northern Territory Department of the Chief Minister

NSW Ombudsman (2009)

Review of the impact of criminal infringement notices on Aboriginal communities.

Sydney: NSW Ombudsman

Somssich E (2009)

Driver training and licensing issues for Indigenous people.

The Journal of the Australasian College of Road Safety; 20(1): 31-36

The SA Centre for Economic Studies (2009)

Harms from and costs of alcohol consumption in the Northern Territory.

Adelaide, SA: Menzies School of Health Research

Western Australian Department of Housing, Western Australian Equal Opportunity Commission (2009)

Aboriginal housing joint statement: housing inquiry update.

Perth, WA: Western Australian Equal Opportunity Commission

2008

Central Land Council (2008)

Reviewing the Northern Territory Emergency Response: perspectives from six communities.

Alice Springs: Central Land Council

Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission (2008)

Close the gap: Indigenous health equality summit, statement of intent.

Canberra: Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission

New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council (2008)

A submission from the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council to the Inquiry into Overcoming Indigenous Disadvantage.

Sydney: New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council

Paradies Y (2008)

Racism undermines health [policy brief].

: Cooperative Research Centre for Aboriginal Health

Somssich E (2008)

Overcoming the cultural divide part II - lessons unlearnt.

2007

Behrendt L (2007)

What works? A research based policy approach to working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities.

Canberra: Chief Minister's Department, ACT

Cape York Institute for Policy and Leadership (2007)

From hand out to hand up: Cape York welfare reform project: design recommendations.

Cairns, QLD: Cape York Institute for Policy and Leadership

This report discusses the Cape York welfare reform project which aims to develop reformed incentives and appropriate supports at the community level to help with the restoration of social norms. The core principles of the project are:

  • all welfare should be conditional
  • further government investment in capability building is needed
  • incentives need to be fundamentally changed to encourage people.

Once the policies recommended by the Institute are supported, the project will initially be trialled in four communities on the Cape York Peninsula. If the trial is successful, the policy principles may be used to inform policy across the Cape York Peninsula and potentially other regions.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Partington G, Galloway A (2007)

Issues and policies in school education.

In: Leitner G, Malcolm IG, eds. The habitat of Australia's Aboriginal languages: past present and future. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter:

Pearson N (2007)

Politics aside, an end to the tears is our priority.

Retrieved 23 June 2007 from http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,20867,21951636-7583,00.html

2005

Altman JC, Gray MC, Levitus R (2005)

Policy issues for the community development employment projects scheme in rural and remote Australia.

Canberra: Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research

Australian Public Service Commission (2005)

APS employment and capability strategy for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander employees.

Canberra: Australian Public Service Commission

Department of Education Science and Training (2005)

National report to Parliament on Indigenous education and training, 2003.

Canberra: Department of Education, Science and Training

Senate Employment Workplace Relations and Education References Committee (2005)

Indigenous education funding: final report.

Canberra: Senate Employment, Workplace Relations and Education References Committee

1999

Ministerial Council on Education Employment Training and Youth Affairs (1999)

The Adelaide declaration on National goals for schooling in the twenty-first century.

Canberra: Ministerial Council on Education Employment Training and Youth Affairs

 
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