This is the first national report on the Indigenous primary health-care national key performance indicators data collection. It covers all the indicators collected since June 2012, and presents data analysed at the national level by jurisdiction, remoteness, and organisational size. The data are collected from over 200 primary health-care organisations receiving funding from the Australian Government Department of Health to provide services primarily to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.
The purpose of the indicators is to improve the delivery of primary health-care services by supporting continuous quality improvement activity among service providers. The indicators also support policy and planning at the national and state/territory level by monitoring progress and highlighting areas for improvement.
The 19 indicators presented in this report focus on chronic disease prevention and management and on maternal and child health. The indicators provide information on both process of care indicators and health outcomes for clients.
Abstract adapted from Australian Institute of Health and Welfare
This report assesses the evidence regarding the effectiveness of physical activity and nutrition intervention programs in reducing the incidence of chronic diseases in Indigenous communities. The report also describes the burden of lifestyle-related chronic diseases (diabetes, cardiovascular disease and chronic kidney disease) affecting Indigenous Australians and assesses strategies that have the potential to be affective.
The authors conclude from the evidence that healthy lifestyle programs can help to combat lifestyle-related chronic diseases. In particular, the programs that were found to be most effective were community-based projects that were initiated and managed by the communities in which they were run. Individual, family and group-based Indigenous healthy lifestyle projects were found to have positive effects in the short term (up to two years). It is not known whether these effects are sustained in the long term as few programs have both the resources and impetus to continue long term.
Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract