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Mental health

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Cutcher Z, Degenhardt L, Alati R, Kinner SA (2014)

Poor health and social outcomes for ex-prisoners with a history of mental disorder: a longitudinal study.

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health; Early View(

Durey A, Wynaden D, Barr L, Ali M (2014)

Improving forensic mental health care for Aboriginal Australians: challenges and opportunities.

International Journal of Mental Health Nursing; 23(3): 195–202

Durey A, Wynaden D, O'Kane M (2014)

Improving forensic mental health care to Indigenous Australians: theorizing the intercultural space.

Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing; 21(4): 296–302

Moore E, Indig D, Haysom L (2014)

Traumatic brain injury, mental health, substance use, and offending among incarcerated young people.

Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation; 29(3): 239-247

Sodhi-Berry N, Preen DB, Alan J, Knuiman M, Morgan VA (2014)

Pre-sentence mental health service use by adult offenders in Western Australia: baseline results from a longitudinal whole-population cohort study.

Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health; Early view(

Trofimovs J, Dowse L (2014)

Mental health at the intersections: the impact of complex needs on police contact and custody for Indigenous Australian men.

International Journal of Law and Psychiatry; 37(4): 390–398


Dias S, Ware RS, Kinner SA, Lennox NG (2013)

Physical health outcomes in prisoners with intellectual disability: a cross-sectional study.

Journal of Intellectual Disability Research; 57(12): 1191–1196

Dias S, Ware RS, Kinner SA, Lenoxx NG (2013)

Co-occurring mental disorder and intellectual disability in a large sample of Australian prisoners.

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry; 47(10): 938-944

Douglas H, Hammill J, Hall W, Russell E (2013)

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) within the criminal justice sector in Queensland.

Brisbane: Foundation for Alcohol Research and Education

Ferrante AM (2013)

Assessing the influence of "standard" and "culturally specific" risk factors on the prevalence and frequency of offending: the case of Indigenous Australians.

Race and Justice; 3(1): 58-82

Forsythe L (2013)

Measuring mental health in criminology research: lessons from the Drug Use Monitoring in Australia program.

Canberra, ACT: Australian Institute of Criminology

Justice & Forensic Mental Health Network (2013)

Justice & Forensic Mental Health Network: strategic plan 2013 - 2017.

Sydney: Health NSW

MacGillivray P, Baldry E (2013)

Indigenous Australians, mental and cognitive impairment and the criminal justice system: a complex web.

Indigenous Law Bulletin; 8(9): November/December 2013

McCausland R, Baldry E, Johnson S, Cohen A (2013)

People with mental health disorders and cognitive impairment in the criminal justice system : cost-benefit analysis of early support and diversion.

Sydney: Australian Human Rights Commission

Moore E, Gaskin C, Indig D (2013)

Childhood maltreatment and post-traumatic stress disorder among incarcerated young offenders.

Child Abuse & Neglect; 37(10): 861–870

Ober C, Dingle K, Clavarino A, Najman JM, Alati R, Heffernan EB (2013)

Validating a screening tool for mental health and substance use risk in an Indigenous prison population.

Drug and Alcohol Review; 32(6): 611–617

Ogloff JRP, Patterson J, Cutajar M, Adams K, Thomas S, Halacas C (2013)

Koori Prisoner Mental Health and Cognitive Function Study: final report.

Melbourne: Victorian Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation

Rowley M (2013)

The invisible client: people with cognitive impairments in the Northern Territory’s Court of Summary Jurisdiction.

Alice Springs: Central Australian Aboriginal Legal Aid Service

Sowerwine S, Schetzer L (2013)

Sentencing contradictions: difficulties faced by people living with mental illness in contact with the criminal justice system .

Sydney: Public Interest Advocacy Centre

Western Australian Council of Social Service, Western Australian Association for Mental Health, Western Australian Network of Alcohol and other Drug Agencies (2013)

Justice and community safety in Western Australia: a call for efficient investment in effective outcomes.

Perth, WA: Western Australian Council of Social Service

This report outlines offending and justice issues in Western Australia (WA), and recommends a policy shift to 'justice reinvestment', an approach that aims to address the risk factors of crime, crime prevention, and adequate rehabilitation of offenders. This report provides details on:

  • current levels of offending in WA and the economic costs associated with these levels
  • the health and social determinants of offending
  • the role of the community sector
  • barriers to the adoption of a 'justice reinvestment' approach in WA
  • the 'delivering community services in partnership' policy in WA
  • recommendations.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract


Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2012)

The mental health of prison entrants in Australia: 2010.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Edward B Heffernan, Andersen KC, Dev A, Kinner S (2012)

Prevalence of mental illness among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Queensland prisons.

Medical Journal of Australia; 197(1): 37-41

Forsythe L, Gaffney A (2012)

Mental disorder prevalence at the gateway to the criminal justice system.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology

Heffernan E, Anderson K, Dev A (2012)

Inside Out: the mental health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in custody report.

Brisbane: Queensland Health

Justice & Forensic Mental Health Network (2012)

Justice & Forensic Mental Health Network: year in review 2011/12.

Sydney: Health NSW

Larney S, Topp L, Devon Indig, O'Driscoll C, Greenberg D (2012)

A cross-sectional survey of prevalence and correlates of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among prisoners in New South Wales, Australia.

BMC Public Health; 12: 14

Retrieved 6 January 2012 from

Law Report (2012)

Indefinite detention and mental impairment in NT [podcast].

: Radio National

This podcast was produced by the Law Report program on Radio National. The topic of the podcast is the criminal justice situation in the Northern Territory, in particular custodial supervision orders, legislation which allows some offenders who have an intellectual or mental impairment to be detained indefinitely in prisons. Mark O'Reilly, the principal legal officer at the Central Australian Aboriginal Legal Aid Service, is interviewed in this podcast.

Abstract adapted from Radio National

New South Wales Law Reform Commission (2012)

People with cognitive and mental health impairments in the criminal justice system: diversion.

Sydney: New South Wales Law Reform Commission


Aboriginal Disability Justice Campaign (2011)

Aboriginal Disability Justice Campaign statement on the inappropriate incarceration of Aboriginal people with a cognitive impairment.

Sydney: People with Disability

Aboriginal Health Council of Western Australia (2011)

Social and cultural resilience and emotional well-being of Aboriginal mothers in prison: the SCREAM project.

Paper presented at the Aboriginal Health Council of Western Australia Annual State Sector Conference. 12-13 April 2011, Hotel Rendezvous, Scarborough, WA

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2011)

The health of Australia's prisoners 2010.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Butler T, Indig D, Allnutt S, Mamoon H (2011)

Co-occurring mental illness and substance use disorder among Australian prisoners.

Drug and Alcohol Review; 30(March): 188-194

Indig D, Vecchiato C (2011)

Social determinants of health, risk behaviours and mental health among Aboriginal juvenile detainees.

Paper presented at the Coalition for Research to Improve Aboriginal Health Conference. 5-6 May 2011, Doltone House, Sydney

Jones R, Day A (2011)

Mental health, criminal justice and culture: some ways forward?.

Australasian Psychiatry; 19(4): 325-330

Larsen A-C, Milnes P (2011)

A cautionary note on therapeutic jurisprudence for Aboriginal offenders.

eLaw Journal: Murdoch University Electronic Journal of Law; 18(1): 1-27

Poroch N, Boyd K, Tongs J, Sharp P, Longford E, Keed S (2011)

We're struggling in here! : the phase 2 study into the needs of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in the ACT Alexander Maconochie Centre and the needs of their families.

Narrabundah, A.C.T: Winnunga Nimmityjah Aboriginal Health Service


Connors P, Bush R (2010)

'Back on Track' : an evaluation.

Brisbane: University of Queensland

Douglas H (2010)

Sentencing and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).

Douglas H (2010)

The sentencing response to defendants with foetal alcohol spectrum disorder.

Criminal Law Journal; 34(4): 221-239

Hardy G, Jackson M (2010)

Acquired brain injury screening, identification and validation in the Victorian correctional system.

Brunswick North, Victoria: arbias Limited La Trobe University

Holyoake (2010)

Report into the implementation of the social development program drumbeat: discovering relationships using Music, beliefs, emotions, attitudes & thoughts with prisoners from the Alice Springs facility.

Alice Springs, NT: Holyoake

Indig D, McEntyre E, Page J, Ross B (2010)

2009 NSW inmate health survey: Aboriginal health report.

Sydney: Justice Health

Sawyer MG, Guidolin M, Schulz K, McGinnes B, Baghurst P, Zubrick SR (2010)

Mental health problems among young people on remand: has anything changed since 1989?.

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health; 34(6): 594–597

Sawyer MG, Guidolin M, Schulz KL, McGinnes B, Zubrick SR, Baghurst PA (2010)

The mental health and wellbeing of adolescents on remand in Australia.

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry; 44(6): 551-559


Egeressya A, Butler T, Hunter M (2009)

'Traumatisers or traumatised': Trauma experiences and personality characteristics of Australian prisoners.

International Journal of Prisoner Health; 5(4): 212-222

Ferguson AM, Ogloff JRP, Thomson L (2009)

Predicting recidivism by mentally disordered offenders using the LSI-R:SV.

Criminal Justice and Behavior; 36(1): 5-20

Forsythe L, Adams K (2009)

Mental health, abuse, drug use and crime: does gender matter?.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology

Gilbert R, Wilson A (2009)

Staying strong on the outside: improving the post-release experience of Indigenous young adults.

Sydney: Indigenous Justice Clearinghouse

Hancl G (2009)

Management of inmate mental health.

Australasian Journal of Correctional Staff Development; 2(June):

Harvey D, Hildreth J, MacLeod J, Moran P (2009)

Mental health in the criminal justice system: offender health and disabilities.

Australasian Journal of Correctional Staff Development; 3(3):

Harvey D, Hildreth J, MacLeod J, Moran P (2009)

Mental health in the criminal justice system: offender health and disabilities.

Australasian Journal of Correctional Staff Development; 3(September):

Heffernan E, Andersen K, Kinner S (2009)

The insidious problem inside: mental health problems of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in custody.

Australasian Psychiatry; 17(S1): S41 - S46

Kasinathan J (2009)

“Mad, bad or sad” – is there a better way?.

Australasian Journal of Correctional Staff Development; 1(March 2009):

Kraemer S, Gately N, Kessell J (2009)

HoPE (Health of Prisoner Evaluation): pilot study of prisoner physical health and psychological wellbeing.

Perth: Edith Cowan University, School of Law & Justice

This report details findings from the Health of Prisoner Evaluation (HoPE) pilot project that sought to investigate prisoner health in Western Australia. The impetus for this project was the recognition of the lack of national data reporting on the health of Australian prisoners. The project involved administering a health questionnaire to Indigenous and non-Indigenous male and female prisoners in Western Australia. The data generated from the questionnaire provides preliminary information on prisoner health trends in the following areas: physical health; mental health; addictive behaviours; illicit drugs; contact with families; sexual history and sexual health; tattooing; and body piercing. The report compares the results of the study with information about the general population, but also evaluates the differences between Indigenous and non-Indigenous prisoners, and male and female respondents. This pilot study aimed to create a way for a standardised program of health checks to be introduced into WA prisons and ultimately for all Australian prisons.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

National Justice Chief Executive Officers Group (2009)

Staying strong on the outside: Indigenous young adults - final report.

Sydney: Indigenous Justice Clearinghouse

Smallbone S, Crissman B, Rayment-McHugh S (2009)

Improving therapeutic engagement with adolescent sexual offenders.

Behavioral Sciences & the Law; 27(6): 862-877


Calma T (2008)

Preventing crime and promoting rights for Indigenous young people with cognitive disabilities and mental health issues.

Canberra: Australian Human Rights Commission

This publication investigates early intervention and diversionary practices aimed at preventing criminal behaviour in Indigenous youth suffering from a mental illness and/or cognitive disability. Points of critical intervention are analysed and an alternative framework is proposed based on effective and holistic intervention.

The literature reviewed for this report stated that:

* Indigenous youth in the criminal justice system are 4 to 5 times more likely to have a cognitive disability than the general population
* Indigenous understanding of cognitive disability and mental illness is related to interpersonal relationships and cultural identity
* Disability issues are secondary to cultural identity
* Social, economic and cultural factors are related to high incidences of cognitive disability and mental illness in this group
* The education system has not effectively handled this issue
* Substance misuse is a major problem

The report highlights that there are currently no specific intervention or diversion programs that target Indigenous youth with mental health problems or a cognitive disability however, crime prevention initiatives are available. Recommendations from the report focus on knowledge translation, education and awareness, support for effective programs and policy processes.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Cashin A, Potter E, Butler T (2008)

The relationship between exercise and hopelessness in prison.

Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing; 15(1): 66-71

Day A, Davey L, Wanganeen R, Casey S, Howells K, Nakata M (2008)

Symptoms of trauma, perceptions of discrimination, and anger: a comparison between Australian Indigenous and non-Indigenous prisoners.

Journal of Interpersonal Violence; 23(2): 245-258

Frize M, Kenny D, Lennings C (2008)

The relationship between intellectual disability, Indigenous status and risk of reoffending in juvenile offenders on community orders.

Journal of Intellectual Disability Research; 52(6): 510-519

Kenny DT, Lennings CJ, Nelson PK (2008)

The mental health of young offenders serving orders in the community: implications for rehabilitation.

Journal of Offender Rehabilitation; 45(1&2): 123-148

Kenny DT, Nelson PK, Schreiner I, Lennings CJ, Butler T (2008)

Young offenders on community orders: health, welfare and criminogenic needs.

Sydney: Sydney University Press

Stathis S, Letters P, Doolan I, Fleming R, Heath K, Arnett A, Cory S (2008)

Use of the Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument to assess mental health problems in young people within an Australian youth detention centre.

Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health; 44(7-8): 438-443

Sullivan DH, Chapman M, Mullen PE (2008)

Videoconferencing and forensic mental health in Australia.

Behavioral Sciences & the Law; 26(3): 323-331

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