What do we know about the hospitalisation of Indigenous people?
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How do hospitalisation rates of Indigenous and non-Indigenous people compare?
Of the 9.3 million hospital separations in Australia during 2011-12, 366,118 (4%) were identified as Indigenous . The overall age-standardised separation rate of 973 per 1,000 for Indigenous people was 2.5 times that for non-Indigenous people. The highest age-standardised separation rate for Indigenous people was in the NT (1,779 per 1,000), with a rate 5.7 times that of non-Indigenous people.
In 2011-12, separation rates were higher for Indigenous people than for non-Indigenous people for all age-groups, with the rates highest in the middle and late adult years .
What are the main causes of hospitalisation for Indigenous people?
In 2011-12 the two most common causes of hospitalisation for Indigenous people in Australia were:
- care involving dialysis, responsible for 45% of Indigenous separations (162,993 separations). Many of these separations involved repeat admissions for the same people, some on an almost daily basis.
- ‘Injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes’ (including motor vehicle accidents, assaults, self-inflicted harm, and falls) was the next most common cause of hospitalisation for Indigenous, being responsible for 13% of separations (excluding dialysis) .
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