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Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin Alcohol and other drugs knowledge centre Yarning Places
 

Publications

2017

Dirani M, Keel S, Foreman J, van Wijngaarden P, Taylor HR (2017)

Prevalence of trachomatous trichiasis in Australia: the National Eye Health Survey.

Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology; Accepted Articles(http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ceo.13003): 1-13

Lange FD, Jones K, Ritte R, Brown HE, Taylor HR (2017)

The impact of health promotion on trachoma knowledge, attitudes and practice (KAP) of staff in three work settings in remote Indigenous communities in the Northern Territory.

PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases; 11(5): e0005503

Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0005503

Vision 2020 Australia (2017)

Closing the Gap in eye health and vision care by 2020.

Melbourne: Vision 2020 Australia

In 2015, Vision 2020 Australia called on the Australian Government to implement a package of sector-supported initiatives to improve the eye health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. This report acknowledges recent Australian Government investments and initiatives in the eye health and vision care sector and calls on the Government to build on its commitment to close the gap for vision by 2020. The report proposes a series of program and implementation priorities endorsed by the eye health sector and makes recommendations to strengthen existing Australian Government investments and initiatives.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

2016

Cowling CS, Liu BC, Snelling TL, Ward JS, Kaldor JM, Wilson DP (2016)

Australian trachoma surveillance annual report, 2013.

Communicable Diseases Intelligence; 40(2): E255-E266

Hendrickx D, Stephen A, Lehmann D, Silva D, Boelaert M, Carapetis J, Walker R (2016)

A systematic review of the evidence that swimming pools improve health and wellbeing in remote Aboriginal communities in Australia.

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health; 40(1): 30-36

Taylor H, Stanford E, Lange F (2016)

Why is trachoma blinding Aboriginal children when mainstream Australia eliminated it 100 years ago?.

Retrieved 14 September 2016 from https://theconversation.com/why-is-trachoma-blinding-aboriginal-children-when-mainstream-australia-eliminated-it-100-years-ago-63526

Lessons to share about planning, implementing and evaluating Community Based Worker programs (2016)

The Fred Hollows Foundation

This series of Lessons Learned sheets provide key findings from a review of Community Based Workers (CBWs) employed in Northern Australia as part of the Trachoma Elimination Program (TEP), conducted by The Fred Hollows Foundation. The information sheets outline practices that work (practice based evidence) for successfully recruiting, employing, training and supporting CBWs in programs and projects that require a strong link between the community and the program to ensure program effectiveness.

The Fred Hollows Foundation supports the employment of over 30 CBWs in more than ten remote communities in the NT. The CBW's role in the TEP is to engage community members in screening and treatment and help create and support community health promotion initiatives.

In 2013, The Foundation commissioned Pandanus Evaluation & Planning Services to undertake a review of the CBW component of the TEP to inform program improvement. The literature on CBWs was assessed and an audit of current practices and experiences of programs employing CBWs in remote communities, primarily in the NT, was also commissioned. The aim was to learn about sound practices so these could be recorded and shared with others to create a set of accessible, useful references for organisations who either currently employ CBWs or plan to in the future. The information sheets are a key result of the review, and are based on the key findings from the review of the international literature and the results of the audit.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers are warned that the content in this document may contain images and references to deceased persons.

Fred Hollows Foundation abstract

The Kirby Institute (2016)

2015 Australian trachoma surveillance preliminary report.

Sydney: The Kirby Institute, University of New South Wales

This preliminary report of the National Trachoma Surveillance and Reporting Unit (NTSRU) provides information on trachoma screening coverage, trachoma prevalence and clean face prevalence in Australia in 2015. Trachoma prevalence is recorded for children aged 5-9 in at-risk communities.

This report was prepared for the annual meeting of the World Health Organisation (WHO) Alliance for the Global Elimination of Trachoma by 2020 in April 2016.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Warren JM, Birrell AL (2016)

Trachoma in remote Indigenous Australia: a review and public health perspective.

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health; 40(S1): S48–S52

2015

Cowling CS, Liu BC, Snelling TL, Ward JS, Kaldor JM, Wilson DP (2015)

National trachoma surveillance annual report, 2012.

Canberra: National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System

Quinn EK, Massey PD, Speare R (2015)

Communicable diseases in rural and remote Australia: the need for improved understanding and action.

Rural and Remote Health; 15: 3371

Retrieved 21 September 2015 from http://www.rrh.org.au/articles/subviewnew.asp?ArticleID=3371

Shattock AJ, Gambhir M, Taylor HR, Cowling CS, Kaldor JM, Wilson DP (2015)

Control of trachoma in Australia: a model based evaluation of current interventions.

PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases; 9(4): e0003474

Retrieved 10 April 2015 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003474

The Kirby Institute (2015)

Australian trachoma surveillance report 2014.

Sydney: The Kirby Institute, University of New South Wales

This annual report provides data on active trachoma in Australia in 2014. Trachoma screening and management data provided by the Northern Territory (NT), South Australia (SA), Western Australia (WA) and New South Wales (NSW) are analysed by region. Results are reported for:

  • trachoma program coverage
  • screening coverage
  • clean face prevalence
  • trachoma prevalence
  • treatment delivery and coverage
  • trichiasis
  • health promotion activities.

Jurisdictions identified 160 remote Aboriginal communities as being at risk or potentially at risk of endemic trachoma. Since 2012, the number of 'at risk' communities has decreased marginally in the NT, and decreased substantially in SA and WA.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

2014

Atkinson JR, Boudville AI, Stanford EE, Lange FD, Anjou MD (2014)

Australian Football League clinics promoting health, hygiene and trachoma elimination: the Northern Territory experience.

Australian Journal of Primary Health; 20(4): 334-338

Communicable Disease Network Australia (2014)

Trachoma: CDNA national guidelines for the public health management of trachoma.

Canberra: Australian Department of Health

The National guidelines for the public health management of trachoma provides the evidence base and policy framework for coordinated, community-based activities aimed at eliminating blinding trachoma from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities by 2020. It is written in accordance with Australia's commitment to the World Health Organization (WHO) GET2020 initiative.

The guidelines adapt the WHO SAFE strategy for trachoma elimination to the Australian context and prioritise:

  • regular screening of at risk communities for active trachoma
  • appropriate treatment of individuals and community members
  • promotion of facial hygiene
  • improvement of environmental conditions
  • detection, referral and surgical intervention for people with trichiasis.

Abstract adapted from Communicable Disease Network Australia

Jung J, Rahman S, Rashid H, Khandaker G (2014)

Current status of trachoma elimination in Australia: making trachoma a history by 2020.

Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets; 14(3): 219-222

Lange FD, Baunach E, McKenzie R, Taylor HR (2014)

Trachoma elimination in remote Indigenous Northern Territory communities: baseline health-promotion study.

Australian Journal of Primary Health; 20(1): 34-40

The Kirby Institute (2014)

Australian trachoma surveillance report 2013.

Sydney: The Kirby Institute, University of New South Wales

2013

Cowling CS, Liu BC, Ward JS, Snelling TL, Kaldor JM, Wilson DP (2013)

Australian Trachoma Surveillance annual report, 2011.

Communicable Diseases Intelligence; 37(2): E121-E129

Johnson B, Gunn J (2013)

A is for antibiotics: mass drug administration as a strategy to control trachoma in remote Indigenous communities.

Northern Territory Disease Control Bulletin; 20(4): 23-28

Jones S, Whitehead O, Brian G (2013)

Trachoma in Far North Queensland: an example of poor population health practice.

Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology; 41(6): 607–608

Landers J, Henderson T, Craig JE (2013)

Incidence of visual impairment due to cataract, diabetic retinopathy and trachoma in Indigenous Australians within Central Australia: the Central Australian Ocular Health Study.

Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology; 41(1): 50–55

MacRae A, Thomson N, Anomie, Burns J, Catto M, Gray C, Levitan L, McLoughlin N, Potter C, Ride K, Stumpers S, Trzesinski A, Urquhart B (2013)

Overview of Australian Indigenous health status, 2012.

Perth, WA: Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

This report provides recent information on:

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations
  • the context of Indigenous health
  • various measures of population health status
  • selected health conditions
  • health risk and protective factors.

This Overview draws on statistics and other published and unpublished materials to provide up-to-date, detailed information about the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in 2012. It highlights a number of improvements in certain aspects of Indigenous health, but underlines that ongoing work is needed to 'close the gap' in health status between Indigenous and other Australians.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Taylor HR, Anjou MD (2013)

Trachoma in Australia: an update.

Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology; 41(5): 508–512

The Kirby Institute (2013)

Australian trachoma surveillance report 2012.

Sydney: The Kirby Institute, University of New South Wales

This report contains trachoma screening and management data for 2012 from the Northern Territory (NT), South Australia (SA), Western Australia (WA) and Queensland (Qld). A total of 195 (96%) of 204 designated at-risk communities were screened for trachoma during 2012, and data were analysed by region.

Children from 0-14 years were assessed for clean faces and active trachoma and adults aged 40 years and older were screened for trichiasis. Health promotion activities were also recorded.

Important findings from this report include:

  • an increase in screening coverage of communities in WA, SA and NT
  • a decrease in the national prevalence of trachoma in the 5-9 year age group, from 7% in 2011 to 4% in 2012
  • no active trachoma was detected in Queensland.

Trachoma surveillance and management has been undertaken since 2006 guided by the Communicable Disease Network of Australia (CDNA) Guidelines for the public management of trachoma in Australia 2006.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Williams P, Oosterhuis C, O'Neill M (2013)

A trichiasis screening program in the Kimberley 2008–2010.

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health; 37(3): 290

2012

Baunach E, Lines D, Pedwel B, Lange F, Cooney R, Taylor HR (2012)

The development of culturally safe and relevant health promotion resources for effective trachoma elimination in remote Aboriginal communities.

Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal; 36(2): 9-11,16,19

Council of Australian Government (2012)

Project agreement on improving trachoma control services for Indigenous Australians.

Canberra: Standing Council on Federal Financial Relations

The Project agreement on improving trachoma control services for Indigenous Australians will support the delivery of additional trachoma control services and additional activities to improve the mapping, identification, screening, treatment, management and prevention of trachoma and trichiasis for Indigenous Australians.

Individual agreements exist between the Commonwealth of Australia and each of the following states and territories:

  • Western Australia
  • Queensland
  • New South Wales
  • Northern Territory
  • South Australia.

The agreements form part of the broader funding measure on Improving eye and ear health services for Indigenous Australians for better education and employment outcomes.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Cowling CS, Popovic G, Liu BC, Ward JS, Snelling TL, Kaldor JM, Wilson DP (2012)

Australian trachoma surveillance annual report, 2010.

Communicable Diseases Intelligence; 36(3): E242–E250

Ejere HOD, Alhassan MB, Rabiu M (2012)

Face washing promotion for preventing active trachoma.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews; (4): CD003659

Retrieved 2 September 2011 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD003659.pub3

Maher L, Brown AM, Torvaldsen S, Dawson AJ, Patterson JA, Lawrence G (2012)

Eye health services for Aboriginal people in the western region of NSW, 2010.

New South Wales Public Health Bulletin; 23(4): 81-86

Milne C (2012)

Adverse outcomes following the use of azithromycin for trachoma treatment in babies.

Northern Territory Disease Control Bulletin; 19(3): 21-27

Taylor HR, English DR, Field BA, Spicer PE, Graham DM (2012)

Prevalence of trachoma in a single community, 1975–2007.

Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology; 40(2): 121-126

The Kirby Institute (2012)

Australian trachoma surveillance report 2011.

Sydney: The Kirby Institute, University of New South Wales

2011

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2011)

Eye health in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This paper summarises the findings of the 2008 National Indigenous eye health survey and presents data from the National Trachoma Surveillance and Reporting Unit, Medicare, hospital data collections and case studies.

The major findings include:

  • Indigenous people over the age of 40 have six times the rate of blindness of non-Indigenous Australians
  • Indigenous children have less poor vision than non-Indigenous children
  • 94% of vision loss in Indigenous Australians is preventable or treatable
  • 35% of Indigenous Australians report they have never had an eye examination
  • trachoma was found in one half of very remote communities at endemic levels
  • cataract was the cause of one-third of blindness in Indigenous adults.

Research suggests that improved vision is associated with provision of eye services by the community-controlled sector and that well coordinated services are more productive, have shorter waiting lists and save money.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

enHealth Working Group for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Environmental Health (2011)

8th National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Environmental Health Conference Darwin, NT.

Canberra: Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing

This conference monograph was produced by the enHealth Working Group on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Environmental Health (WGATSIEH), and details the proceedings of the 8th National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Environmental Health Conference held in Darwin at the Darwin Convention Centre, 27-30 September 2011.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Hansen-Knarhoi M (2011)

Towards GET 2020: trachoma in the Northern Territory 2010.

Northern Territory Disease Control Bulletin; 18(3): 24-32

Kelaher M, Ferdinand AS, Taylor HR (2011)

Azithromycin treatment levels inadequate for recommended trachoma control guidelines: letters.

Medical Journal of Australia; 194(2): 102

Correcting ten myths about eliminating trachoma (2011)

Lange F, Taylor HR

This factsheet, produced by the Indigenous Eye Health Unit at Melbourne University, provides answers to 10 commonly asked questions about trachoma and its control. It aims to dispel misconceptions about the elimination of trachoma in Australian communities. Information is also provided about the culturally specific health promotion resource developed for trachoma elimination programs in Australia, the Trachoma story kit.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Maher L, Taylor HR, Barton J (2011)

Trachoma.

NSW Public Health Bulletin; 22(10): 209

Mansfield K, Gunn J, Wilson N, Scott L (2011)

Acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis and opportunistic trachoma screening in an Indigenous community in the Northern Territory, 2011.

Northern Territory Disease Control Bulletin; 18(4): 8-12

Michel C-EC, Roper KG, Divena MA, Lee HH, Taylor HR (2011)

Correlation of clinical Trachoma and infection in Aboriginal communities.

PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases; 5(3): e986

Taylor HR, Boudville A, Anjou M, McNeil R (2011)

The roadmap to close the gap for vision: summary report.

Melbourne: Indigenous Eye Health Unit, the University of Melbourne

This report is the third part in a series produced by the Indigenous Eye Health Unit at the University of Melbourne, following from the National Indigenous eye health survey report and Access to eye health services among Indigenous Australians. The report makes important recommendations for policy change in eye and vision health across all levels of government in Australia. Each policy recommendation is explained, all possible outcomes are explored, and costings presented clearly. There is also a 'recommendation implementation map' with a timeline for actioning of each recommendation.

Importantly, the report dispels some common myths about Indigenous eye and vision health: poor vision and blindness are the third leading cause of the health gap among Indigenous populations (after cardiovascular disease and diabetes) and increase mortality rates 2.6 times, much of it due to increased risk of injury. Indigenous Australian adults have blindness rates six times the rate of the mainstream; and, although 94% of vision loss is preventable and treatable, 35% of all adults have never had an eye exam. This report represents an important contribution to policy debates.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Taylor HR, Dunt D, Hsueh Y, Brando A (2011)

Projected needs for eye care services for Indigenous Australians.

Melbourne: Indigenous Eye Health Unit, the University of Melbourne

The Kirby Institute (2011)

Australian trachoma surveillance report 2010.

Sydney: The Kirby Institute, University of New South Wales

 
Last updated: 10 August 2017
 
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