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References for the key publications about ear health and hearing among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are listed here.
This report is the final in a series of seven reports on the dental, audiology and ear, nose and throat (ENT) services funded by the Australian Government under the Northern Territory emergency response child health check initiative (NTER CHCI) and the Closing the gap in the Northern Territory national partnership agreement (CtG NT). Although open to all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children under 16 years living in prescribed communities, these programs specifically targeted those who received referrals from their Child health check (CHC).
Based on the data collected, this report provides information on the extent of services provided, and the oral, ear and hearing health of children who received these services. The information in this report relates to dental and audiology services provided from August 2007 to 30 June 2012, and funded ENT consultations provided from August 2007 to December 2010 and ENT surgeries performed from 1 July 2009 to 31 December 2010.
The report was produced jointly by the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing (DoHA) and the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW).
Abstract adapted from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare
The National guide to a preventive health assessment for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: second edition provides an up-to-date, evidence-based national resource created to help all health professionals delivering primary health care to Indigenous people. The use of this guide may help to prevent disease, detect early and unrecognised disease, and promote health. This guide contains Indigenous-specific information on:
Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract
This document reports on a study to investigate whether the use of swimming pools by school-age Indigenous children in remote semi-arid communities in central Australia results in the reduction and possible prevention of conductive hearing loss related to otitis media (OM) in these children.
Between 2009 - 2011, multiple clinical assessments of ear health and hearing - including Ear, nose and throat (ENT) diagnoses - were conducted on 813 school age children, which allow comparison of the results for children living in the four Anangu communities with a swimming pool compared to those living in the six communities without a pool. Many children were assessed on multiple occasions with 46% of the children being assessed on at least three of the possible six occasions over the three year study period (2107 child assessments in total).
The study's results demonstrate that access to swimming pools does not result in improvement in any of three principal measured indices of hearing or ear health. Additionally, in relation to the policy of 'no school, no pool', there is no evidence that access to a swimming pool results in improved school attendance. Further, results show previously undescribed seasonal differences in the prevalence of eardrum perforations in these Indigenous populations. Other results show significant associations between dry eardrum perforation and hearing loss and age.
This research report was funded by the Hearing Loss Prevention Program of the Department of Health and Ageing and conducted by Flinders University and its collaborating partner, the Anangu Education Service of the South Australian (SA) Department of Education and Child Development.
Abstract adapted from Flinders University
The revised edition of Reform and resistance in Aboriginal education reflects on the challenges and achievements that have occurred for both teachers and students in this significant area of education since the book's original release in 2003. The chapter, The impact of health on the education of Indigenous children, reviews the specific health issues currently affecting Indigenous children, and how these issues impact on their education. The chapter provides a summary of key indicators of Indigenous health status.
Prevalent issues and indicators discussed include:
Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract
The training of health workers for ear health and screening is one action of the Australian Government's Improving eye and ear health services for Indigenous Australians for better education and employment outcomes measure. This manual is provided to all Aboriginal Health Workers (AHW) located in Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services and Aboriginal Medical Services that are delivering ear and hearing health programs and has been developed to combine with ear and hearing equipment training. It is relevant for the treatment of Aboriginal children and adolescents under 21 years of age and updates a 2010 edition.
The manual covers the following key areas:
Abstract adapted from Aboriginal Health Worker ear and hearing health care training manual 2010
This manual assists practitioners to manage a range of health, social and work conditions when they arrive in Central and Northern Australia without any specific training in remote practice.
The manual topics include:
This resource ensures a sensitive and comprehensive approach to primary health care for Aboriginal peoples in the Northern Territory and beyond. Access to the manual requires registration which is free.
Abstract adapted from Central Australian Rural Practitioners Association
The updated Recommendations for clinical care guidelines on the management of otitis media in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations builds on the 2001 guidelines using recent research and an explicit search and critical appraisal of the medical literature between 2001 and 2010. The original guidelines were directly linked to the Systematic review of existing evidence and primary care guidelines on the management of otitis media in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations.
The guidelines are intended for use by health care professionals who work with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations. This includes Aboriginal health workers, Aboriginal ear health workers, primary care and specialist physicians, nurses, remote nurses and nurse practitioners, audiologists, audiometrists, speech therapists, and child development specialists (including advisory visiting teachers and teachers of the deaf).
The clinical care guidelines are published by Office for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health (OATSIH) and were prepared by the Darwin Otitis Guidelines Group in collaboration with the OATSIH Otitis Media Technical Advisory Group. They are designed to facilitate the delivery of comprehensive, effective and appropriate ear health programs.
The clinical care guidelines are divided into sections: prevention, diagnosis, prognosis, medical management, audiological management of associated hearing loss, practical considerations in health care delivery, and prioritisation of primary health care services in different settings. They aim to offer a series of clear recommendations for the clinical care of Indigenous Australians that are:
The sources of information used include:
The following separate resources are also included:
Abstract adapted from Recommendations for clinical care guidelines on the management of otitis media in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations
This manual provides information on the anatomy and function of the ear and preventive measures for ear problems. It details causes, types and effects of hearing loss together with common ear conditions. Diagrams and images are used to describe how to examine ears and algorithms for treatment strategies are provided.
Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract