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Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin Alcohol and other drugs knowledge centre Yarning Places
 

The Aboriginal Birth Cohort Study

 

Overview

The Aboriginal Birth Cohort Study (ABC) is a prospective, life course study of Indigenous newborns, investigating the causes of non-communicable chronic diseases, with special emphasis on early causes and preventative interventions.

The ABC is the longest and largest study of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia, and is now in its 26th year. Researchers have been following the health and wellbeing of 686 babies from birth through childhood, adolescence and into adulthood with regular, comprehensive health checks conducted at their place of residence. The study was founded by Dr Susan Sayers, who initially aimed to study outcomes of fetal growth restriction (GFR) within the womb on subsequent growth and development of chronic diseases in adulthood.

The ABC cohort was recruited from the Royal Darwin Hospital between 1987 and 1990, and has been followed up by the research team at four subsequent time periods, with the fourth wave of the study commencing in 2013 and concluding in 2015.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Contacts

Belinda Davison
Project Manager
Preterm Kidney and Life Course Studies
Menzies School of Health Research
John Matthews Building
Building 58, Royal Darwin Hospital Campus
PO Box 41096
Casuarina NT 0811
Ph: (08) 8922 8701
Fax: (08) 8927 5187
Email: belinda.davison@menzies.edu.au

Related publications

Sayers SM, Mackerras D, Singh GR (2017)

Cohort profile: the Australian Aboriginal Birth Cohort (ABC) study.

International Journal of Epidemiology; Advance access(http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyw291):

Juonala M, Singh GR, Davison B, van Schilfgaarde K, Skilton MR, Sabin MA, Cheung M, Sayers S, Burgner DP (2016)

Childhood metabolic syndrome, inflammation and carotid intima-media thickness. The Aboriginal Birth Cohort Study.

International Journal of Cardiology; 203: 32-36

Cunningham TE, Sayers SM, Singh GR (2011)

Lipoprotein(a) identifies cardiovascular risk in childhood: the Australian Aboriginal Birth Cohort Study.

Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health; 47(5): 257–261

Mackerras DEM, Singh GR, Eastman CJ (2011)

Iodine status of Aboriginal teenagers in the Darwin region before mandatory iodine fortification of bread.

Medical Journal of Australia; 194(3): 126-130

Jamieson L, Kapellas K, Roberts-Thomson K, Sayers S (2011)

Validity of dental screening questions in an Indigenous young adult population [letter].

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health; 35(1): 87–88

Sayers S, Mott S, Singh G (2011)

Fetal growth restriction and 18-year growth and nutritional status: Aboriginal birth cohort 1987-2007.

American Journal of Human Biology; 23(3): 417-419

Priest NC, Paradies YC, Gunthorpe W, Cairney SJ, Sayers SM (2011)

Racism as a determinant of social and emotional wellbeing for Aboriginal Australian youth.

Medical Journal of Australia; 194(10): 546-550

Sayers S, Davison B, Fitz J, Singh G (2011)

Aboriginal birth cohort study–wave 3 selected results: the good news and the bad news.

Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal; 35(5): 23-24

Jamieson LM, Roberts-Thomson K, Sayers S (2010)

Dental caries risk indicators among Australian Aboriginal young adults.

Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology; 38(3): 213–221

Thomas A, Cairney S, Gunthorpe W, Paradies Y, Sayers S (2010)

Strong Souls: development and validation of a culturally appropriate tool for assessment of social and emotional well-being in Indigenous youth.

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry; 44(1): 40-48

This article reports on a study undertaken by Menzies School of Health Research that aimed to develop and validate a culturally appropriate tool for assessing social and emotional wellbeing in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth. The article includes information on the methods involved and the results of the study, and concludes that the instrument is a culturally appropriate and effective tool for assessing social and emotional wellbeing.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Lewis MS, Dingwall KM, Berkhout N, Sayers S, Maruff P, Cairney S (2010)

Assessment of cognition in an adolescent Indigenous population.

Australian Psychologist; 45(2): 123-131

Jamieson LM, Sayers SM, Roberts-Thomson KF (2010)

Clinical oral health outcomes in young Australian Aboriginal adults compared with national-level counterparts.

Medical Journal of Australia; 192(10): 558-561

Sayers S, Boyle J (2010)

Indigenous perinatal and neonatal outcomes: a time for preventive strategies.

Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health; 46(9): 475-478

Sellers EAC, Singh GR, Sayers SM (2009)

Apo-B/AI ratio identifies cardiovascular risk in childhood: the Australian Aboriginal Birth Cohort study.

Diabetes and Vascular Disease Research; 6(2): 94-99

Sayers S, Singh G, Mackerras D, Lawrance M, Gunthorpe W, Jamieson L, Davison B, Schutz K, Fitz J (2009)

Australian Aboriginal Birth Cohort study: follow-up processes at 20 years.

BMC International Health and Human Rights; 9: 23

Retrieved from http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-698X/9/23/abstract

Sayers S, Singh G, Mott S, McDonnell J, Hoy W (2009)

Relationships between birthweight and biomarkers of chronic disease in childhood: Aboriginal Birth Cohort Study 1987–2001.

Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology; 23(6): 548-556

Singh GR (2009)

Glomerulonephritis and managing the risks of chronic renal disease.

Pediatric Clinics of North America; 56(6): 1363-1382

Sayers SM (2009)

Indigenous newborn care.

Pediatric Clinics of North America; 56(6): 1243-1261

Singh GR, Sayers SM, Mackerras DEM (2009)

The Australian Aboriginal Birth Cohort: the lifecourse and much more.

Australasian Epidemiologist; 16(3): 14-16

Allan RC, Sayers S, Powers J, Singh G (2009)

The development and evaluation of a simple method of gestational age estimation.

Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health; 45(1-2): 15-19

Sellers EA, Singh GR, Sayers SM (2008)

Large waist but low body mass index: the metabolic syndrome in Australian Aboriginal children.

The Journal of Pediatrics; 153(2): 222-227

Sayers S, Singh G, Fitz J, Shultz K, Davson B, Jamieson L (2008)

Update on the Aboriginal Birth Cohort Study: wave 3 methods at 20 years.

Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal; 32(4): 18-20

Sayers S, Mackerras D, Halpin S, Singh G (2007)

Growth outcomes for Australian Aboriginal children aged 11 years who were born with intrauterine growth retardation at term gestation.

Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology; 21(5): 411-417

Mackerras D, Singh G (2007)

Prevalence of anaemia depends on the definition: an example from the Aboriginal Birth Cohort Study.

European Journal of Clinical Nutrition; 61(1): 135-139

Bucens IK, Reid A, Sayers SM (2006)

Risk factors for reduced lung function in Australian Aboriginal children.

Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health; 42(7): 452-457

Sayers SM, Mackerras DEM, Singh GR, Reid A (2004)

In an Aboriginal birth cohort, only child size and not birth size, predicts insulin and glucose concentrations in childhood.

Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice; 65: 151-157

Sayers S, Mackerras D, Singh G (2004)

Update on the Aboriginal birth cohort study.

Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal; 28(2): 6-8

Sayers SM, Mackerras D, Singh G, Bucens I, Flynn K, Reid A (2003)

An Australian Aboriginal birth cohort: a unique resource for a life course study of an Indigenous population: a study protocol.

BMC International Health and Human Rights; 3(1): 1472-1698

This article describes a longitudinal study of Aboriginal babies born at the Royal Darwin Hospital over the period 1987-1990 and a cross-sectional follow-up between 1998-2001 in over 70 locations. The original concept was to establish an Australian Indigenous cohort for use as a resource for descriptive and analytical studies, particularly for non-communicable diseases. The paper mainly reports the methodology of the study including details of the range of assessments. Cultural, geographic and climatic challenges are explained.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Mackerras DEM, Reid A, Sayers SM, Singh GR, Bucens IK, Flynn KA (2003)

Growth and morbidity in children in the Aboriginal Birth Cohort Study: the urban–remote differential.

Medical Journal of Australia; 178(2): 56-60

Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal (1996)

From health worker to health worker...across Australia.

Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal; 20(2): 4-16

Sayers SM, Powers JR (1993)

Birth size of Australian Aboriginal babies.

Medical Journal of Australia; 159: 586-591

Sayers SM, Powers JR (1992)

An evaluation of three methods used to assess the gestational age of Aboriginal neonates.

Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health; 28(4): 312-317

Links

 
Last updated: 7 July 2017
 
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