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Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin

Cancer in Indigenous Australians: a review



This project comprised a two-part series of reviews on cancer and its impact on Indigenous Australians. A Cooperative Research Centre for Aboriginal Health (CRCAH) project, it was hosted by The Lowitja Institute and administered by the Menzies School of Health Research.

The first review, published in 2003, reported the limited information published up to 2001 which related mostly to risk-factors, prevalence and mortality statistics. The second review, published in 2008, provided an up-to-date assessment of cancer, including the demographic and socioeconomic context; patterns of incidence, mortality, treatment, and survival; key risk factors; screening participation; and the views of Indigenous people on cancer and cancer treatment. The research indicated that there was a need for uniform guidelines to ensure the collection of appropriate information on Indigenous people suffering from cancer throughout Australia, and that this information should feed into the regular publication of national statistics on cancer in Indigenous Australians.

Abstract adapted from The Lowitja Institute


John Condon
Project leader
Menzies School of Health Research
Ph: (08) 8922 8196

Related publications

Condon J, Armstrong BK, Barnes A, Cunningham J (2003)

Cancer in Indigenous Australians: a review.

Cancer Causes & Control; 14(2): 109-121

The aim of this article was to summarise evidence of the impact of cancer on Indigenous Australians. Details of publications found in a Medline search of peer-reviewed scientific journals, government reports and publications of cancer registries, non-government organisations, and non peer-reviewed sources are reported. An analysis of the content of these publications led to recommendations for health services and programs.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Cunningham J, Rumbold AR, Zhang X, Condon JR (2008)

Incidence, aetiology, and outcomes of cancer in Indigenous peoples in Australia.

The Lancet Oncology; 9(6): 585-595


Last updated: 6 February 2014
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