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Audit and Best Practice for Chronic Disease (ABCD)



The Audit and Best Practice for Chronic Disease (ABCD) project was designed to improve the quality of services for the prevention and management of chronic disease among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people across Australia.

This project analysed data from use of the quality improvement tools in health centres from 2005 to 2009, data from community survey tools, report templates, and purposively structured dialogue and in-depth interviews with implementers and other key informants. It aimed to synthesise lessons that have been learned from these diverse data sources about the factors that are important for effective implementation of the ABCD approach and to identify areas for further research.

In early 2010, the ABCD tools and data were transferred to One21seventy, the National Centre for Quality Improvement in Indigenous Primary Health Care, a new vehicle developed by the ABCD team with the purpose of providing infrastructure support to continue the work of the project.

Abstract adapted from the Lowitja Institute


The Lowitja Institute
Suite 1, Level 2
100 Drummond Street
Carlton Vic 3053
PO Box 650
Carlton South Vic 3053
Ph: (03) 8341 5555
Fax: (03) 8341 5599

Related publications

Matthews V, Burgess CP, Connors C, Moore E, Peiris D, Scrimgeour D, Thompson SC, Larkins S, Bailie R (2017)

Integrated clinical decision support systems promote absolute cardiovascular risk assessment: an important primary prevention measure in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander primary health care.

Frontiers in Public Health; 5: 233

Retrieved 4 September 2017 from

Bailie R, Matthews V, Larkins S, Thompson S, Burgess P, Weeramanthri T, Bailie J, Cunningham F, Kwedza R, Clark L (2017)

Impact of policy support on uptake of evidence-based continuous quality improvement activities and the quality of care for Indigenous Australians: a comparative case study.

BMJ Open; 7(10): e016626

Retrieved 5 October 2017 from

Schierhout G, Brands J, Bailie R (2010)

Audit and best practice for chronic disease extension project, 2005–2009: final report.

Melbourne: Lowitja Institute

Audit and Best Practice for Chronic Disease (2008)

Policy brief: chronic illness care for Indigenous Australians: implications for policy from the ABCD project.

Darwin: Menzies School of Health Research

Si D, Bailie RS, Dowden M, O’Donoghue L, Connors C, Robinson GW, Cunningham J, Condon JR, Weeramanthri TS (2007)

Delivery of preventive health services to Indigenous adults: response to a systems-oriented primary care quality improvement intervention.

Medical Journal of Australia; 187(8): 453-457

Bailie R, Si D, Dowden M, O'Donoghue L, Connors C, Robinson G, Cunningham J, Weeramanthri T (2007)

Improving organisational systems for diabetes care in Australian Indigenous communities.

BMC Health Services Research; 7: 67

Retrieved from

Bailie RS, Si D, Dowden M, Lonergan K (2007)

Audit and Best Practice for Chronic Disease : project final report.

Darwin: Menzies School of Health Research


Last updated: 13 March 2018
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