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        • » Indigenous reform 2012-13: five years of performance

Indigenous reform 2012-13: five years of performance

by COAG Reform Council

Year 2014
City Sydney
Institution COAG Reform Council
Date 22 May 2014


The National Indigenous reform agreement signed in 2009 set out six outcome based reform targets to address Indigenous disadvantage and 'close the gap' between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. This publication reports on the six Closing the gap targets which include:

  • closing the life expectancy within a generation (by 2031)
  • halving the gap in mortality rates for Indigenous children under five within a decade (by 2018)
  • ensuring all Indigenous four year olds in remote communities have access to early childhood education within five years (by 2013)
  • halving the gap for Indigenous students in reading, writing and numeracy within a decade (by 2018)
  • halving the gap for Indigenous people aged 20-24 in year 12 or equivalent attainment rates (by 2020)
  • halving the gap in employment outcomes between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians within a decade (by 2018).

Data for this report comes from surveys and administrative collections. The report considers if Indigenous outcomes have improved over the five years since 2008, the areas of concern and recommendations.

Abstract adapted from COAG Reform Council



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Last updated: 17 November 2016
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