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Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin

Key references

References for the key publications about Haemophilus influenzae type b among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are listed here.


Hanna JN (2004)

Impact of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccination on Hib meningitis in children in Far North Queensland, 1989 to 2003.

Communicable Diseases Intelligence; 28(2): 255-257

Over the four years 1989 to 1992 there were 28 cases of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) meningitis in children aged under five years in Far North Queensland.4 Thirteen (46%) of the cases were in Indigenous children, indicating that the rate of the disease was about 3.5 times greater in these children than in non-Indigenous children. However, no cases of Hib meningitis have occurred in Indigenous children in Far North Queensland in the 10 years following the addition of Hib vaccines to the Australian Standard Vaccination Schedule in 1993. There was only one case of Hib meningitis, in a (vaccinated) non-Indigenous child, between 1994 and 2003. About 70 cases of Hib meningitis in children were prevented by Hib immunisation in Far North Queensland between 1994 and 2003; possibly as many as five deaths and 12 cases with neurological sequelae were also prevented.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Menzies R, McIntyre P, Beard F (2004)

Vaccine preventable diseases and vaccination coverage in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders people, Australia, 1999 to 2002.

Communicable Diseases Intelligence; 28(2): 127-159

This report complements the Vaccine Preventable Diseases and Vaccination Coverage reports produced biannually since 2000 by the National Centre for Immunisation Research and Surveillance of Vaccine Preventable Diseases in association with the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. It integrates the available sources of routinely collected data relevant to the current status of vaccine preventable diseases and vaccine coverage in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia. It aims to better inform Indigenous communities, Indigenous health care providers and planners of immunisation services of the current status and future needs for vaccine prevention in Indigenous people. The data presented here demonstrate that vaccination programs have had a significant impact on the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Several areas are highlighted for further development of vaccination policy recommendations, in particular high rates of preventable hepatitis A and B, influenza and pneumococcal disease. Areas where more research is needed include means to more accurately monitor vaccination status, the applicability of meningococcal serogroup B vaccines when available, and effective ways of increasing vaccination coverage and timeliness of vaccination. Such issues need to be considered and implemented in full cooperation with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract


Markey P, Krause V, Boslego JW, Coplan PM, Dargan JM, Kaplan KM (2001)

The effectiveness of Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccines in a high risk population measured using immunization register data.

Epidemiology and Infection; 126(1): 31-36

Smith-Vaughan HC, McBroom J, Mathews JD (2001)

Modelling of endemic carriage of Haemophilus influenzae in Aboriginal infants in Northern Australia.

Immunology and Medical Microbiology; 31(2): 137-143


Guthridge S, McIntyre PB, Isaacs M, Hanlon M, Patel M (2000)

Differing serologic responses to an Haemophilus influenzae type b polysaccharide - Neisseria meningitidis outer membrane protein conjugate (PRP-OMPC) vaccine in Australian Aboriginal and Caucasian infants- implications for diease epidemiology.

Vaccine; 18(23): 2584-2591


Bower C, Condon R, Payne J, Burton P, Watson C, Wild B (1998)

Measuring the impact of conjugate vaccines on invasive Haemophilus influenzae type b infection in Western Australia.

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health; 22(1): 67-72

Markey P (1998)

The effect of conjugate Hib vaccines on the incidence of invasive Hib disease in the Northern Territory.

Northern Territory Communicable Diseases Bulletin; 5(1): 3

Last updated: 14 October 2015
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