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Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin


This section provides reference details and - where available - links and abstracts for general publications addressing Haemophilus influenzae type b relating to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. References include journal articles, reports, theses, and other literature.


Burns J, Burrow S, Drew N, Elwell M, Gray C, Harford-Mills M, Hoareau J, Lynch R, MacRae A, O’Hara T, Potter C, Ride K, Trzesinski A (2015)

Overview of Australian Indigenous health status, 2014.

Perth, WA: Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

This report provides recent information on:

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations
  • the context of Indigenous health
  • various measures of population health status
  • selected health conditions
  • health risk and protective factors.

This Overview draws on statistics and other published and unpublished materials to provide up-to-date, detailed information about the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in 2014. It highlights a number of improvements in certain aspects of Indigenous health, but underlines that ongoing work is needed to 'close the gap' in health status between Indigenous and other Australians.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Burns J, Burrow S, Drew N, Elwell M, Gray C, Harford-Mills M, Hoareau J, Lynch R, MacRae A, O’Hara T, Potter C, Ride K, Trzesinski A (2015)

Summary of Australian Indigenous health status, 2014.

Perth: Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System Annual Report Writing Group (2015)

Australia’s notifiable disease status, 2013: annual report of the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System.

Canberra: National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System

Porter M, Charles AK, Nathan EA, French NP, Dickinson JE, Darragh H, Keil AD (2015)

Haemophilus influenzae: a potent perinatal pathogen disproportionately isolated from Indigenous women and their neonates.

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology; Early view(


Brown J, Simpson G (2014)

Diffuse panbronchiolitis in an Australian Aborigine.

Respiratory Case Reports; 2(2): 64–66

Fisher NJ (2014)

Haemophilus influenzae serotype a septic arthritis in an immunized central Australian Indigenous child.

International Journal of Infectious Diseases; 21: 15–16

Hare KM (2014)

The bacteriology of bronchiectasis and impact of azithromycin on upper and lower airway bacteria and resistance in Australian Indigenous children.

Doctor of Philosophy thesis, Charles Darwin University: Darwin

Pickering J, Smith-Vaughan H, Beissbarth J, Bowman JM, Wiertsema S, Riley TV, Leach AJ, Richmond P, Lehmann D, Kirkham LS (2014)

Diversity of nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae colonizing Australian Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children.

Journal of Clinical Microbiology; 52(5): 1352-1357

Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision (2014)

Overcoming Indigenous disadvantage: key indicators 2014.

Canberra: Productivity Commission

This report measures the wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. It is the sixth report in a series commissioned by all Australian governments, designed to measure progress in overcoming the disadvantage faced by many Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians have been actively involved in the development and production of the report. The report measures the progress of the six targets set by the Council of Australian Governments Closing the gap strategy, together with other identified significant indicators. The report has three main sections:

  • an overview of the key messages
  • the main report which provides the evidence base for the framework for the report and detailed information on outcomes
  • tables expanding on the data presented in the report.

The information in this report can help inform the design of policies.

Abstract adapted from Productivity Commission


Hare KM, Marsh RL, Binks MJ, Grimwood K, Pizzutto SJ, Leach AJ, Chang AB, Smith-Vaughan HC (2013)

Quantitative PCR confirms culture as the gold standard for detection of lower airway infection by nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae in Australian Indigenous children with bronchiectasis.

Journal of Microbiological Methods; 92(3): 270–272

This study observed correlation between quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and semi-quantitative culture for definition of Haemophilus influenzae infection in bronchoalveolar lavage specimens from 81 Indigenous children with bronchiectasis. Data collected supported the continued use of quantitative culture as the gold standard.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Menzies RI, Markey P, Boyd R, Koehler AP, McIntyre PB (2013)

No evidence of increasing haemophilus influenzae non-b infection in Australian Aboriginal children.

International Journal of Circumpolar Health; 72: 20992

Retrieved 5 August 2013 from

O'Grady K-A F, Whiley DM, Torzillo PJ, Sloots TP, Lambert SB (2013)

Mailed versus frozen transport of nasal swabs for surveillance of respiratory bacteria in remote Indigenous communities in Australia.

BMC Infectious Diseases; 13( 543

Retrieved 14 November 2013 from


Thomson N, MacRae A, Brankovich J, Burns J, Catto M, Gray C, Levitan L, Maling C, Potter C, Ride K, Stumpers S, Urquhart B (2012)

Overview of Australian Indigenous health status, 2011.

Perth, WA: Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet


Jacups SP, Morris PS, Leach AJ (2011)

Haemophilus influenzae type b carriage in Indigenous children and children attending childcare centers in the Northern Territory, Australia, spanning pre- and post-vaccine eras.

Vaccine; 29(16): 3083-3088

Last updated: 17 December 2015
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