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Drinking too much alcohol is associated with:
If a woman drinks alcohol when she is pregnant, the unborn child may be affected by fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), the term used to describe the physical, behavioural, and learning problems caused by alcohol damage to the brain and other parts of the body of the unborn baby .
The 2008 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey (NATSISS) found that 80% of mothers of Indigenous children 0-3 years did not drink during pregnancy, and 16% drank less alcohol . Only 3.3% drank the same amount or more alcohol during pregnancy.
Indigenous people are much more likely to not drink alcohol (abstain) than non-Indigenous people. The 2008 NATSISS found that more than one-third of Indigenous adults did not drink alcohol (compared with around one-in-eight of non-Indigenous adults) . However, Indigenous people who drink alcohol are more likely to drink it at high-risk levels than non-Indigenous people. The 2008 NATSISS found that one-in-six Indigenous adults were drinking at high-risk levels for a long time ('chronic' risky/high-risk drinking), and one-third of Indigenous adults had reported drinking at high-risk levels over a short time (binge drinking) in the two weeks before they were interviewed .
In 2006-2010, alcohol was responsible for almost 400 deaths of Indigenous people . Most of these deaths were from alcoholic liver disease.