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Based on information from the 2011 Census, the ABS estimates that there were 698,583 Indigenous people living in Australia in 2013 . NSW had the largest number of Indigenous people, and the NT had the highest percentage of Indigenous people. Indigenous people made up 3% of the total Australian population. For more details on the Indigenous population in each state and territory see the table below.
|State/territory||Number of Indigenous people||Proportion (%) of Indigenous population living in that state/territory||Proportion (%) of state/territory population that are Indigenous|
|Source: ABS, 2014 |
In 2011, around one-third of Indigenous people lived in major cities .
In 2011, 90% of Indigenous people identified as Aboriginal, 6% identified as Torres Strait Islanders, and 4% identified as both Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander .
The Indigenous population is much younger overall than the non-Indigenous population (see Figure 1). In 2011, more than one-third of Indigenous people were aged less than 15 years, compared with one-fifth of non-Indigenous people . Almost 4% of Indigenous people were aged 65 years or over, compared with 14% of non-Indigenous people.
Figure 1. Population pyramid of Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations, 2011
Source: ABS, 2012