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Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin
 

General

This section provides reference details and - where available - links and abstracts for general publications associated with deaths and mortality among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. References include journal articles, reports, theses, and other literature.

2014

Dudgeon P, Milroy H, Walker R, eds. (2014)

Working together: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mental health and wellbeing principles and practice.

Perth, WA: Department of The Prime Minister and Cabinet, Australia

The book was developed as an information source for health professionals working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people with social and emotional wellbeing issues. The book contains comprehensive and culturally appropriate information to educate and assist health professionals who work with Indigenous clients.

The book is divided into six parts:

  • history and contexts
  • issues and influences
  • standards, principles and practice
  • assessment and management
  • working with children, families and communities
  • healing models and programs.

Many of the book chapters were authored by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and Indigenous artwork features throughout the book.

Telethon Kids Institute abstract

Arnautovska U, Sveticic J, De Leo D (2014)

What differentiates homeless persons who died by suicide from other suicides in Australia? A comparative analysis using a unique mortality register.

Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology; 49(4): 583-589

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2014)

Causes of death, Australia, 2012.

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2014)

Assessment of Global Burden of Disease 2010 methods for the Australian context: Australian burden of disease study working paper no. 1.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2014)

Australia’s health 2014: in brief.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2014)

Australia’s health 2014: the 14th biennial health report of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australia's health 2014 was released by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare as the fourtenth edition of its biennial national health report. The report shows that Australia is one of the healthiest nations in the world, with most Australians generally have good health and access to a range of good health care services, but Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples continue to have much poorer health than the general population.

Health information about Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples is included in various sections of the report but particularly in chapter 7 which compiles information about demographic profiles, health status, disability rates and service use. The section highlights that Indigenous Australians are continuing to die at much younger ages than non-Indigenous Australians. Indigenous Australians also continue to have a greater disease burden, higher rates of disability and a lower quality of life than other Australians. The section concludes with information on behaviours and health risk factors that shape the health status of Indigenous peoples such as tobacco use, alcohol misuse and illicit drug use.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2014)

Children's headline indicators [interactive data portal].

Retrieved 12 June 2014 from http://www.aihw.gov.au/chi/

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2014)

OECD health-care quality indicators for Australia 2011-12.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Carlton B, Segrave M (2014)

‘They died of a broken heart’: connecting women's experiences of trauma and criminalisation to survival and death post-imprisonment.

The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice; 53(3): 270-289

COAG Reform Council (2014)

Healthcare in Australia 2012-13: five years of performance.

Sydney: COAG Reform Council

COAG Reform Council (2014)

Indigenous reform 2012-13: five years of performance.

Sydney: COAG Reform Council

The National Indigenous reform agreement signed in 2009 set out six outcome based reform targets to address Indigenous disadvantage and 'close the gap' between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. This publication reports on the six Closing the gap targets which include:

  • closing the life expectancy within a generation (by 2031)
  • halving the gap in mortality rates for Indigenous children under five within a decade (by 2018)
  • ensuring all Indigenous four year olds in remote communities have access to early childhood education within five years (by 2013)
  • halving the gap for Indigenous students in reading, writing and numeracy within a decade (by 2018)
  • halving the gap for Indigenous people aged 20-24 in year 12 or equivalent attainment rates (by 2020)
  • halving the gap in employment outcomes between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians within a decade (by 2018).

Data for this report comes from surveys and administrative collections. The report considers if Indigenous outcomes have improved over the five years since 2008, the areas of concern and recommendations.

Abstract adapted from COAG Reform Council

Evidence and Evaluation Branch (2014)

National partnership agreement on remote service delivery: evaluation 2013.

Canberra: Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet

Johnson S, Bonello MR, Li Z, Hilder L, Sullivan EA (2014)

Maternal deaths in Australia 2006 - 2010.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

National Health Performance Authority (2014)

Healthy communities: child and maternal health in 2009–2012.

Sydney: National Health Performance Authority

Peden A, Queiroga AC (2014)

Drowning deaths in Australian rivers, creeks and streams: a 10 year analysis.

Canberra: Royal Life Saving Society Australia

Scott JA (2014)

Chronic disease profiles in one high risk Indigenous community: a comparison of chronic disease profiles after a 10 year follow up and the relationship between birth weight and chronic disease morbidity and mortality.

Doctor of Philosophy thesis, University of Queensland: Brisbane

Sodhi-Berry N, Knuiman M, Alan J, Morgan VA, Preen DB (2014)

Pre-sentence mental health service use predicts post-sentence mortality in a population cohort of first-time adult offenders.

Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology; Early view(http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-014-0919-8):

Warhaft G (2014)

A travellin’ man.

Of Substance; 12(1): 22-23

This publication contains an article on the Makin' tracks outreach program which focuses on Aboriginal communities across South Australia as well as the Northern Territory, Queensland, New South Wales and Western Australia.

The article focuses on Jimmy Perry, one of two project officers, who has been with the program for over 11 years. He discloses the challenges as well as the positive results which have come out of the program's implementation across Australia.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

You EC, Dunt DR, White V, Hoorn SV, Doyle C (2014)

Risk of death or hospital admission among community-dwelling older adults living with dementia in Australia.

BMC Geriatrics; 14: 71

Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2318-14-71

2013

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2013)

Causes of Death, Australia, 2011.

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2013)

Deaths, Australia, 2012.

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet (2013)

Overview of the health of Indigenous people in Western Australia 2013.

Retrieved 2013 from http://www.healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au/uploads/docs/wa-overview-2013.pdf

This report provides comprehensive information specific to Western Australia (WA) on:

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations
  • the context of Indigenous health
  • various measures of population health status
  • selected health conditions
  • health risk and protective factors.

This WA Overview draws on statistics and other published and unpublished materials to provide up-to-date, detailed information about the health of Indigenous people in WA in 2013. It highlights a number of improvements in certain aspects of Indigenous health, but underlines that ongoing work is needed to 'close the gap' in health status between Indigenous and other Australians.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Australian Institute of Family Studies (2013)

What works to overcome Indigenous disadvantage: key learnings and gaps in the evidence: 2011-12: appendix B-D.

Canberra: Closing the Gap Clearinghouse

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2012 report: Australian Capital Territory.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This publication reports on indicators relevant to health status and health outcomes, determinants of health, and health systems performance for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people living in the Australian Capital Territory. The report is based on the national Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2012: detailed analyses report. Jurisdiction-specific and national comparisons are presented.

Improvements have been seen in health assessments for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged 55 and over, allied health-care service claims, immunisation coverage for children, literacy levels (years three and five), and retention rates for high school students.

Areas of concern include pregnancy and smoking, alcohol consumption for ages 18 years and over, levels of disability, and breast cancer screening for women.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2012 report: New South Wales.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2012 report: Queensland.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2012 report: South Australia.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2012 report: Victoria.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2012 report: Western Australia.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2012: detailed analyses.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Indigenous Early Childhood Development National Partnership Agreement: first annual report on health performance indicators.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This report is the first annual performance report for the Indigenous Early Childhood Development National Partnership Agreement (IECD NPA). It provides the latest available information, as well as time trends, on each of the six health-related indicators (of the 10 performance indicators) in the IECD NPA.

The report has chapters on each of the health-related indicators that include detailed data tables and information on methods and data sources:

  • antenatal care
  • teenage rates of sexually transmissible infections
  • low birthweight
  • infant mortality
  • substance use during pregnancy
  • child under five years of age hospitalisation rates by principal diagnosis.

The IECD NPA is a Council of Australian Governments (COAG) agreement established to improve the health and developmental outcomes for Indigenous children across Australia. The IECD NPA is an integral part of COAG's broader agenda to 'close the gap' between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians in health, early childhood education and care, education and employment; and it is also closely aligned with other policies such as Investing in the early years - a national early childhood development strategy.

Abstract adapted from Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Bugeja L, Butler A, Buxton E, Ehrat H, Hayes M, McIntyre S, Walsh C (2013)

The implementation of domestic violence death reviews in Australia.

Homicide Studies; 17(4): 353-374

Chan A, Payne J (2013)

Homicide in Australia: 2008–09 to 2009–10 National Homicide Monitoring Program annual report.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology

COAG Reform Council (2013)

Indigenous reform 2011-12: comparing performance across Australia.

Sydney: COAG Reform Council

This is the fourth report on the National Indigenous Reform Agreement which sets six targets to address Indigenous disadvantage. The Council of Australian Governments (COAG) Reform Council reports on progress toward the targets each year.

This document reports on components of all six targets, though reporting for some targets (Closing the life expectancy gap within a generation and Halving the gap for Indigenous people in Year 12 attainment) is only partial. This is because there is no new data for life expectancy, daily smoking, alcohol consumption and the prevalence of overweight and obesity; and attendance rates for year 1 - 10 are similar to last year.

The report includes sections on the following, as well as recommendations, jurisdictional snapshots for all states and territories and a statistical supplement:

  • Closing the gap in deaths
  • halving the gap in child deaths
  • early childhood education
  • literacy and numeracy
  • year 12 or equivalent attainment
  • employment outcomes
  • improving performance reporting.

Abstract adapted from the COAG Reform Council

Holland C (2013)

Shadow report 2013: on Australian governments' progress towards closing the gap in life expectancy between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.

Canberra: Close the Gap Campaign Steering Committee

This report presents the Close the Gap Campaign Steering Committee's assessment of the Australian Government's progress towards achieving Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health equality under the Closing the gap strategy. The report is divided into two parts:

  • the first assesses progress against the Council of Australian Government's Closing the gap targets and the implementation of the commitments in the Close the gap statement of intent. It considers this assessment in relation to the renewal of the National partnership agreement on closing the gap in Indigenous health outcomes which expires in June 2013
  • the second part of the report examines developments in partnership and planning with a focus on the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health plan due for completion and implementation in mid-2013. It emphasises the need for the plan to be developed in partnership with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders and their representative bodies.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (2013)

GBD profile: Australia.

Seattle, USA: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation

MacRae A, Thomson N, Anomie, Burns J, Catto M, Gray C, Levitan L, McLoughlin N, Potter C, Ride K, Stumpers S, Trzesinski A, Urquhart B (2013)

Overview of Australian Indigenous health status, 2012.

Perth, WA: Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

This report provides recent information on:

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations
  • the context of Indigenous health
  • various measures of population health status
  • selected health conditions
  • health risk and protective factors.

This Overview draws on statistics and other published and unpublished materials to provide up-to-date, detailed information about the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in 2012. It highlights a number of improvements in certain aspects of Indigenous health, but underlines that ongoing work is needed to 'close the gap' in health status between Indigenous and other Australians.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Morrell S, Phillips B, Taylor RJ, Daniels J, Burgess K, Mayers N (2013)

Mortality in an Aboriginal Medical Service (Redfern) cohort.

Retrieved 7 February 2013 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1478-7954-11-2

Osborne K, Baum F, Brown L (2013)

What works? A review of actions addressing the social and economic determinants of Indigenous health.

Canberra: Closing the Gap Clearinghouse

This report provides information on what works, what does not work, and what information is missing on the social and economic determinants of Indigenous health. It provides information on a number of social and economic determinants, including:

  • education
  • connection to family, community, country, and culture
  • employment and income
  • housing
  • racism
  • interactions with government systems
  • criminal justice system
  • health behaviours.

This report provides information on policies, and programs and projects relating to the social determinants of Indigenous health that provide concrete examples of 'what works'.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Rosenstock A, Mukandi B, Zwi AB, Hill PS (2013)

Closing the Gaps: competing estimates of Indigenous Australian life expectancy in the scientific literature.

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health; 37(4): 356–364

Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision (2013)

Report on government services 2013: Indigenous compendium.

Canberra: Productivity Commission

This publication draws on the Report on government services 2013 to present data specific to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population. It reports on the delivery of mainstream services to Indigenous people including services for:

  • childcare, education and training
  • justice
  • emergency management
  • health
  • community services
  • housing and homelessness.

Performance reporting focuses on the degree to which the objective for a service is met. The report details the objective (outcomes) for each service stated and the performance indicators measuring the achievement of each objective.

Improvements in reporting by Indigenous status has allowed for detailed reporting for Indigenous children enrolled and attending preschool and elapsed times for aged care services to Indigenous people.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Tanamas SK, Magliano DJ, Lynch B, Sethi P, Willenberg L, Polkinghorne KR, Chadban S, Dunstan D, Shaw JE (2013)

AusDiab 2012 : the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle study.

Melbourne: Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute

van Dooren K, Kinner SA, Forsyth S (2013)

Risk of death for young ex-prisoners in the year following release from adult prison.

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health; 37(4): 377-382

Wang Z, Hoy WE (2013)

Decreasing rates of natural deaths in a remote Australian Aboriginal community, 1996–2010.

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health; 37(4): 365–370

Zhao Y, You J, Wright J, Guthridge SL, Lee AH (2013)

Health inequity in the Northern Territory, Australia.

International Journal for Equity in Health; 12: 79

Retrieved 13 September 2013 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1475-9276-12-79

Zhao Y, Wright J, Begg S, Guthridge S (2013)

Decomposing the Indigenous life expectancy gap by risk factors: a life table analysis.

Population Health Metrics; 11: 1

Retrieved 29 January 2013 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1478-7954-11-1

This study aims to explain the Indigenous life expectancy (LE) gap by common modifiable risk factors in the period from 1986 to 2005. The LE gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians was 12 years for men and 10 years for women, whereas the Northern Territory Indigenous LE gap was at least 50% greater than the national figures.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

2012

Anderson M, Bilney J, Bycroft N, Cockatoo-Collins D, Creighton G, Else J, Faulkner C, French J, Liddle T, Miller A, Miller J, Quinnell L, Stewart B, Sutton P, Thomas C, Trindall C, Wilson J, Malin M, Moller J (2012)

Closing the gap: support for Indigenous loss.

Australian Nursing Journal; 19(10): 24-27

Andrews JY, Kinner SA (2012)

Understanding drug-related mortality in released prisoners: a review of national coronial records.

BMC Public Health; 12: 270

Retrieved 4 April 2012 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-270

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2012)

Causes of death, Australia, 2010.

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2012)

Deaths, Australia, 2011.

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2012)

Information paper: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander demographic statistics work program and release plans, Apr 2012.

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet (2012)

Summary of Australian Indigenous health, 2011.

Perth, WA: Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2012)

Australia's health 2012.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2012)

Changes in life expectancy and disability in Australia 1998 to 2009.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2012)

Multiple causes of death: an analysis of all natural and selected chronic disease causes of death 1997–2007.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Calma T (2012)

Tom Calma speaks on mental health in communities [interview].

: Central Australian Aboriginal Media Association

Close the Gap Campaign Steering Committee (2012)

Shadow report 2012 : on Australian governments' progress towards closing the gap in life expectancy between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.

Melbourne: Oxfam Australia

This report presents the Close the Gap Campaign Steering Committee's assessment of the Australian Government's progress towards achieving Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health equality under the Closing the gap strategy. The report is divided into two parts; the first assesses progress against the Council of Australian Government's Closing the gap targets and the implementation of the commitments in the Close the gap statement of intent. The second part of the report describes how the states and territories that are parties to the Close the gap statement of intent are implementing it in their jurisdictions.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

COAG Reform Council (2012)

Indigenous reform 2010-11: comparing performance across Australia.

Sydney: COAG Reform Council

This report presents progress against indicators in the National Indigenous reform agreement. The agreement sets out the policy framework and the six targets for commonwealth, state and territory governments to close the gap in Indigenous disadvantage in health, education and employment.

It is the role of The COAG Reform Council to assess and report on the performance of governments against the targets and performance indicators of the national agreement. This report only considers four targets of the six set out in the national agreement, including:

  • close the life expectancy gap within a generation
  • halve the gap in death rates for Indigenous children under five within a decade
  • halve the gap for Indigenous students in reading, writing and numeracy within a decade
  • halve the gap for Indigenous 20-24 year olds in Year 12 or equivalent attainment rates by 2020.

Recommendations from the Reform Council are included in this report.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Cotter PR, Condon JR, Barnes T, Anderson IPS, Smith LR, Cunningham T (2012)

Do Indigenous Australians age prematurely? The implications of life expectancy and health conditions of older Indigenous people for health and aged care policy.

Australian Health Review; 36(1): 68-74

De Leo D, Milner A, Sveticic J (2012)

Mental disorders and communication of intent to die in Indigenous suicide cases, Queensland, Australia.

Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior; 42(2): 136–146

Epidemiology Branch (2012)

Australian Capital Territory Chief Health Officer's report 2012.

Canberra: ACT Health Directorate

Heffernan B, Iskandar D, Freemantle J (2012)

The history of Indigenous identification in Victorian health datasets, 1980–2011: initiatives and policies reported by key informants.

Melbourne: Lowitja Institute

LopesJ, Lindeman M, Taylor K, Grant L (2012)

Cross cultural education in suicide prevention: development of a training resource for use in Central Australian Indigenous communities.

Advances in Mental Health; 10(3):

National Healthcare Agreement Review Working Group (2012)

National healthcare agreement review report July 2012 .

Canberra: Council of Australian Governments

New South Wales Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence (2012)

The health of Aboriginal people of NSW: report of the Chief Health Officer 2012.

Sydney: New South Wales Ministry of Health

Planning Branch Queensland Health, Health Service Plan Project Steering Group, Townsville Hospital (2012)

Townsville hospital and health service health service plan 2012 - 2027.

Brisbane: Queensland Health

Royal Life Saving Society Australia (2012)

Northern Territory 9 year drowning report: a call for change.

Canberra: Royal Life Saving Society Australia

Select Committee on Youth Suicides in the NT (2012)

Gone too soon: a report into youth suicide in the Northern Territory: committee report.

Darwin: Legislative Assembly of the Northern Territory

This report details the findings of an inquiry by the Select Committee on Youth Suicides in the Northern Territory into the high rate of youth suicide in the Northern Territory when compared with other Australian states and territories. Through public consultation and a review of government policies and funding, programs and services, and data collection and research, the inquiry found young Indigenous men are the highest risk group for suicide, while suicides by young Indigenous females was also an emerging trend. The inquiry explored the many factors associated with suicide and identified those factors shown to increase the risk of suicide among youths in the Northern Territory. In an effort to appropriately address youth suicide in the Northern Territory, the report identifies four areas for further action and makes 23 recommendations.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Shahidullah M (2012)

Response: ABS's comments on ‘Estimating Indigenous life expectancy: pitfalls with consequences'.

Journal of Population Research; 29(3): 283-287

South Australian Department for Health and Ageing (2012)

South Australian Department for Health and Ageing annual report 2011-12.

Adelaide: South Australian Department for Health and Ageing

Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision (2012)

Report on government services 2012: Indigenous compendium.

Canberra: Productivity Commission

This report draws on the Report on government services 2012 to present data specific to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population. It reports on the delivery of mainstream services to Indigenous people including services for:

  • early childhood, education and training
  • justice
  • emergency management
  • health
  • community services
  • housing and homelessness.

Performance reporting focuses on the degree to which objective for a service is met. The report details the objective (outcomes) for each services stated and the performance indicators measuring the achievement of each objective.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Temlett J (2012)

Homicide among Indigenous South Australians: a forty-year study (1969–2008).

Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine; 19(8): 445–447

Thomson N, MacRae A, Brankovich J, Burns J, Catto M, Gray C, Levitan L, Maling C, Potter C, Ride K, Stumpers S, Urquhart B (2012)

Overview of Australian Indigenous health status, 2011.

Perth, WA: Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

Tighe J (2012)

Alive and kicking goals!: preliminary findings from a Kimberley suicide prevention program.

Advances in Mental Health; 10(3): 240 - 245

2011

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2011)

Causes of death, Australia, 2009.

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2011)

Deaths, Australia, 2010.

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics

Comparing life expectancy of Indigenous people in Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the United States (2011)

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This fact sheet gives an overview to the difficulties comparing life expectancy of indigenous peoples drawn from country comparison studies. Numerous studies have indicated that the gap between Indigenous and non Indigenous people's life expectancy in Australia is greater than in New Zealand, Canada and the United States of America (USA).

The difficulties relate to concepts, data and methods of collection behind such estimates, which throw doubt on the conclusions drawn from comparison studies. This paper suggests that the uncertainty associated with indigenous life expectancy estimates could be quite large.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2011)

Comparing life expectancy of Indigenous people in Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the United States: conceptual, methodological and data issues: May 2011.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This report attempts to describe the methodological dimensions and differences involved in
deriving estimates of indigenous populations and deaths, and from them, life expectancy in
the four Anglo-settler countries. The differences in indigenous life expectancy estimates that
have been presented in comparative analyses between the four Anglo-settler countries are
also described to establish the level of confidence with which conclusions may be drawn. A
short concluding section discusses possible ways forward.

Abstract adapted from Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2011)

Life expectancy and mortality of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Life expectancy and mortality of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people (2011)

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Banham D, Jury H, Woollacott T, McDermott R, Baum F (2011)

Aboriginal premature mortality within South Australia 1999-2006: a cross-sectional analysis of small area results.

BMC Public Health; 11: 286

Retrieved 10 May 2011 from http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1471-2458-11-286.pdf

Child and Adolescent Community Health (2011)

Health and wellbeing profile of young Western Australians.

Perth: Department of Health, Western Australia

Davis M (2011)

Aboriginal mental health workers and the impact of suicide in remote communities.

The Chronicle; 22(4): 24

De Leo D, Sveticic J, Milner A, McKay K (2011)

Suicide in Indigenous populations of Queensland.

Bowen Hills, Qld.: Australian Academic Press

Department of Health Northern Territory (2011)

Mortality in the Northern Territory 1967-2006.

Darwin: Department of Health, Northern Territory

Li Z, McNally L, Hilder L, Sullivan EA (2011)

Australia's mothers and babies 2009.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Northern Territory Child Deaths Review and Prevention Committee (2011)

Annual report 2010-2011, Northern Territory Child Deaths Review and Prevention Committee.

Darwin: Office of the Children’s Commissioner Northern Territory

Mortality in the Northern Territory 1967-2006 (2011)

Northern Territory Department of Health

Palliative Care Australia (2011)

Improving access to quality care at the end of life for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians : position statement.

Canberra: Palliative Care Australia

Royal Life Saving Society Australia (2011)

National drowning report 2011.

Sydney: Royal Life Saving Society Australia

Aboriginal health progress sheet - suicide and self harm (2011)

Victorian Department of Health

Wesley LifeForce (2011)

Wesley LifeForce Suicide Prevention Program: select committee submission: youth suicides in the Northern Territory.

Ashfield, NSW: Wesley mission

2010

Healey J, ed. (2010)

The health of Indigenous Australians.

Rozelle, NSW: Spinney Press

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2010)

Causes of death Australia, 2008.

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2010)

Deaths, Australia, 2009.

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2010)

The health of Australia's prisoners 2009.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Caniglia F, Bourke P, Whiley AP (2010)

A scan of disadvantage in Queensland 2010: from analysis to innovation in place-based practice.

Brisbane: Uniting Care Centre for Social Justice

Drabsch T (2010)

Health, education & community indicators for NSW: statistical indicators 3/10.

Sydney: Parliament of New South Wales

Gee V (2010)

Perinatal, infant and maternal mortality in Western Australia: 5-year cohort of 2004-2008 births.

Perth: Department of Health, Western Australia

Living Black (2010)

Heavy toll [online video].

: Special Broadcasting Service, Living Black

This report by the SBS Indigenous affairs program, Living black, examines the incidence of Indigenous road fatalities in the Northern Territory, where Aboriginal people are far more likely to be killed and injured in road accidents than non-Indigenous Australians.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Policy and Intergovernment Relations Division (2010)

Aboriginal mortality in South Australia: a profile.

Adelaide: Department of Health, South Australia

Scott KJ (2010)

Some healing path: Ross Ingram Memorial Essay Competition.

Medical Journal of Australia; 192(12): 680-681

Thomson N, MacRae A, Burns J, Catto M, Debuyst O, Krom I, Midford R, Potter C, Ride K, Stumpers S, Urquhart B (2010)

Summary of Australian Indigenous health, 2010.

Perth, WA: Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

Threlfall TJ, Thompson JR (2010)

Cancer incidence and mortality in Western Australia, 2008.

Perth: Department of Health, Western Australia

Victorian Child Death Review Committee (2010)

Annual report of inquiries into the deaths of children known to Child Protection 2010.

Melbourne: Office of the Child Safety Commissioner, Victoria

Walter S, Centre for Aboriginal Health (2010)

Mortality and hospitalisation due to injury in the Aboriginal population of New South Wales.

Sydney: Department of Health, New South Wales

The report describes death and hospitalisation rates occurring as results of injury and poisoning among the Aboriginal population of New South Wales. Both injury and poisoning are the third biggest contributors to the burden of disease in Aboriginal Australia, and the main intention of this report is to identify subgroups of the population most at risk of injury and poisoning in order to develop informed and targeted prevention initiatives.

The report presents data on deaths based on the Australian Bureau of Statistics mortality data from 2000 to 2007, and a substantial analysis of hospitalisations arising from injury by external causes. In the comprehensive analysis of hospitalisations, a range of indicators are presented in order to describe more fully each group at risk for each injury mechanism. The report also presents a detailed discussion of the data sources, issues and methodology used in the report.

Key findings of the report include:

  • In general, Aboriginal people were at higher risk of death and hospitalisation due to injury or poisoning compared to non-Aboriginal people across all types of injury mechanisms.
  • The leading causes of hospitalisation were falls (24%), interpersonal violence (19%), transport accidents (12%), and self-harm (9%).
  • The most frequent causes of death were self-harm (25%), transport accidents (21%), poisoning (18%) and homicide (11%).
  • Interpersonal violence represented the greatest disparity in risk of death and hospitalisation with Aboriginal males being four times more likely and Aboriginal females being 12 times more likely to be hospitalised due to violence compared to the non-Aboriginal population.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Wright J (2010)

Linking census records to death registrations: research paper.

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics

Zhang X, Dempsey K, Johnstone K, Guthridge S (2010)

Trends in the health of mothers and babies, Northern Territory: 1986-2005.

Darwin: Northern Territory Department of Health and Families

2009

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2009)

Causes of death Australia, 2007.

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2009)

Causes of death, Australia, 2007: deaths of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians.

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Australia

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2009)

Deaths, Australia, 2008.

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2009)

Experimental estimates and projections, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians 1991 to 2021.

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2009)

Experimental life tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians: 2005-2007.

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics

Bradshaw PJ, Alfonso HS, Finn J, Owen J, Thompson PL (2009)

Measuring the gap: accuracy of the Western Australian hospital morbidity data in the identification of adult urban Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health; 33(3): 276-279

Brown A (2009)

Bridging the survival gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians: priorities for the road ahead.

Heart, Lung and Circulation; 18(2): 96-100

Carpenter B, Tait G (2009)

Health, death and Indigenous Australians in the coronial system.

Australian Aboriginal Studies; 2009(1): 29-41

Denner B (2009)

Reducing early mortality of men living in rural and remote Australian communities.

Paper presented at the Rural health: the place to be ... The 10th National Rural Health Conference. 17-20 May 2009, Cairns, Qld

Draper GK, Somerford PJ, Pilkington AS, Thompson SC (2009)

What is the impact of missing Indigenous status on mortality estimates? An assessment using record linkage in Western Australia.

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health; 33(4): 325-31

Suicide: statement by Minister for Indigenous Affairs [Hansard speech] (2009)

Hames KD

Hope A (2009)

Speech at the Billard summit.

Paper presented at the Blank page summit on suicide 2009. 27-31 July 2009, Kimberley, WA

Li SQ, Gray N, Guthridge S, Pircher S, Wang Z, Zhao Y (2009)

Avoidable mortality trends in Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal populations in the Northern Territory, 1985-2004.

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health; 33(6): 544-550

Western Australia suicide prevention strategy 2009-2013: statement by Parliamentary Secretary [Hansard speech] (2009)

Morton H

O’Reeri MV (2009)

Speech by Mary Victor O'Reeri.

Paper presented at the Blank page summit on suicide 2009. 17 August 2009, Kimberley, WA

Qi X (2009)

Socio-environmental factors and suicide in Queensland, Australia.

Master of Applied Science (Research) thesis, Queensland University of Technology: Brisbane

2008

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2008)

Assessment of methods for developing life tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians: discussion paper Australia 2006.

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2008)

Causes of death Australia, 2006.

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2008)

Deaths, Australia, 2007.

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2008)

Indigenous mortality quality study, 2006-07 - information paper: census data enhancement.

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics

Barnes T, Smith L, Zhao Y, Guthridge S (2008)

A comparative analysis of indirect methodologies for estimating Indigenous life expectancy.

Darwin: Charles Darwin University

Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody – fact sheet 112 (2008)

National Archives of Australia

Population Health Division (NSW) (2008)

The health of the people of New South Wales – report of the Chief Health Officer, data book – Aboriginal peoples.

Sydney: NSW Department of Health

Preen D, Holman CDJ, Daube M (2008)

Preventable deaths by Western Australian upper and lower house electorates from 2001 – 2005.

Perth: Public Health Advocacy Institute of WA (PHAIWA)

Rowley KG, O'Dea K, Anderson I, McDermott R, Saraswati K, Tilmouth R, Roberts I, Fitz J, Wang Z, Best JD, Wang Z, Brown A (2008)

Lower than expected morbidity and mortality for an Australian Aboriginal population: 10-year follow-up in a decentralised community.

Medical Journal of Australia; 188(5): 283-287

Sullivan E, Hall B, King J (2008)

Maternal deaths in Australia 2003-2005.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

 
Last updated: 28 August 2014
 
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