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The Medical Journal of Australia/Pfizer Australia award for the best original research published in the MJA was today awarded to a research paper that compared the effectiveness of two antibiotic regimens for the treatment of acute middle ear infection in Aboriginal children.
A study of 306 Aboriginal children aged six months to six years old with acute otitis media (AOM) was conducted between March 2003 and July 2005 in 16 rural and remote communities in the Northern Territory.
The collaboration of authors from several research institutions set out to compare the clinical effectiveness of a single dose of azithromycin with a standard seven-day treatment course of amoxicillin for the treatment of AOM.
The research has important implications for health outcomes in Aboriginal children, who are prone to frequent and severe episodes of AOM.
The authors say the finding of better clinical outcomes, clinical trials of longer courses of treatment are needed, as well as trials examining the potential benefits of azithromycin for the treatment of other important child health problems, such as skin sores, runny nose and trachoma.
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