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Australia's sixth national HIV strategy has been developed by the federal, state and territory governments with input from community organisations, doctors and researchers. Knowing the high rate of incarceration in Indigenous population and the risk of being introduced to intravenous drugs in correctional institutions, the national strategy identifies injecting drug users in Aboriginal communities as a high-risk group. One of its priorities will be the distribution of sterile injecting equipment to Aboriginal communities. The strategy will apply nationally until 2013.